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POST CLASSICAL PERIOD

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POST CLASSICAL PERIOD 600-1450 Cultural and Trade change define this period. Start fall of classical empires (Greece/Rome) Spread of great world religions – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POST CLASSICAL PERIOD


1
POST CLASSICAL PERIOD 600-1450 Cultural and
Trade change define this period.
  • Start fall of classical empires (Greece/Rome)
  • Spread of great world religions
  • Rise of Islam
  • Mongols 1200-1400
  • China Post Classical period ends when Ming stop
    travel.

2
PC THEMES
  • 1. ISLAM rise of Arab Islam becomes the first
    world class civilization / superpower in world
    history (before this the best was probably India).

3
PC THEMES
  • Spread of great world religions Buddhism,
    Christianity, Islam (most important in the
    numbers affected).
  • All 3 religions spread across cultural /
    political boundaries (missionaries,etc.)
  • Large numbers convert syncretic conversion
    accept new beliefs but keep some of their own.
    Religious map of Eurasia set to what it is today.

4
Why convert to new religions?
  1. Decline of classical empires more chaos, death
    rates increase. ie. China Buddhism created a
    decline in secular thought.
  2. Fervency of missionaries
  3. Governments used Christianity for power ie.
    Vladomir in Russia becoming Christian.

5
PC THEMES
  • Civilization spreads to other areas and the
    number of definable civilizations increases.
  • Why? Disunity of Mediterranean world.

6
7 Civilizations by 1450
  • Expanded East Asia
  • S. and S.E. Asia
  • W. Asia (Middle East and N. Africa)
  • Sub Saharan Africa
  • Eastern Europe
  • Western Europe
  • Americas

7
PC THEMES
  • THEME 4. Development of systematic interactions
    between civilizations trade contacts.
  • 1000 dependable trade routes regular product
    exchange.
  • N to S and W to E routes exchange of
    technologies and ideas cultural diffusion. Ie.
    Arabic numerals from India

8
THEME 4 continued
  • Travel increases during this period Ibn Battuta
    and Marco Polo.
  • Americas way behind / random during this period
  • No disease contact
  • No technological contact
  • No animal exchange
  • Did not use bronze or iron

9
Theme 5 Women good and bad
  • Good spread of world religions Christianity/
    Islam / Buddhism men and women share spiritual
    equality (ie. Mohammad).
  • - Equality was not a belief in Classical society
    framed within a Patriarchal society.

10
Theme 5 Women good and bad
  • Bad Politically and economically major
    deterioration in the life of women.
  • Veiling originally from Mesopotamia
  • Sati
  • Footbinding (women as ornamental)
  • Gaps between men and women economically (men
    dominated craftworks

11
What themes are NOT present during this time
period
  • None of the above themes are political hard to
    do that during this period religion is in
    control and politics not as important.
  • - not many technological developments.
  • - population growth only in some regions

12
Religions of the Post Classical that were not
global
  • Hinduism 4th major religion did not travel
    well outside of India because it needed the Caste
    System. Guptas favored Hinduism within India
    making it strong.
  • Daoism and Shintoism (Japan) no missionary
    qualities.

13
Change and continuity What changes in the Post
Classical in relation to the Foundations /
Classical Period?
  • 1. Islam and trade patterns gains control of
    Mediterranean trade (most change), some change in
    India, least change in China.

14
Change in China
  • Some Islam
  • Trade routes increase (Song/Ming)
  • Buddhism
  • More urban society.

15
3 types of civilization during the Post Classical
period.
  • Most developed Middle East, North Africa,
    India, Byzantine Empire.
  • Classical past to build on
  • Most trade
  • Centralized politically
  • the developed world at this point in time.

16
3 types of civilization during the Post Classical
period.
  • Less developed Japan, Russia, W. Europe, E.
    Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, S E Asia (India and
    China).
  • Some world trade less processed goods.
  • More decentralized politically not as large
    bureaucracies.
  • Active, self-concious imitators of developed
    civilizations. (copy religion, alphabets, art
    social and cultural things.

17
Less developed, continued
  • Copy technology, political structure (this one
    fails they dont do a good job of it).
  • What Western Europe copies from Islam Gothic
    arch was Islamic arch, law, commercial law,
    science and math, role of reason (Averroes).

18
Least developed
  • Americas not part of the global scene.
  • not in contact with world or world religions.
  • - didnt matter until contact occurred.
  • they had their own achievements buth they
    werent as good as the first and second tier
    countries.
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