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Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Dissociative Identity Disorder Description Personality Disorder Condition displays multiple distinct identities Each personality is referred to as an alter Each ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dissociative Identity Disorder


1
Dissociative Identity Disorder
2
Description
  • Personality Disorder
  • Condition displays multiple distinct identities
  • Each personality is referred to as an alter

3
Each alter has own
  • Name
  • Gender
  • Age
  • History
  • Personality Traits
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Race
  • Postures
  • Gestures
  • Speech Patterns

4
Basic Facts
  • Often confused with Schizophrenia
  • 7 of population has undiagnosed DID?
  • Average 2-4 personalities when diagnosed
  • 13-15 personalities often develop during treatment

5
More DID Facts
  • NFL star Herschel Walker has DID
  • People often have secondary diagnoses
  • Patients are often misdiagnosed
  • Many spend 6-7 years before proper diagnosis
  • Host personality (real person) often unaware of
    alters

6
Causes of DID
  • Severe trauma in early childhood
  • Typically inflicted before age 9
  • Sexual, emotional, or physical abuse
  • Response to stress, threatening situations, or
    anxiety

7
Symptoms
  • Amnesia
  • Depersonalization
  • Depression
  • Mood Swings
  • Suicidal Tendencies
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Panic Attacks
  • Phobias
  • Eating Disorders
  • Flashbacks
  • Compulsions Rituals
  • Headache
  • Substance Abuse
  • Reactions to stimuli or triggers

8
Screening Tests
  • Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)
  • 28 Question self-test
  • Hypnotic Induction Profile (HIP)
  • Assesses degree of susceptibility to hypnosis

9
Treatment
  • Traditional commonly accepted by most medical
    doctors, therapists, psychiatrists
  • Adjunctive Methods used in connection with
    traditional treatments
  • Alternative Methods methods outside common
    standards

10
Traditional Methods
  • Psychotherapy talking w/ psychiatrist
  • Hypnotherapy using hypnosis
  • Medications
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-Anxiety meds

11
Adjunctive Therapies
  • Art therapy
  • Using the process of making art
  • Movement therapy
  • Using dance movement

12
Alternative Methods
  • Homeopathic Treatment
  • practitioners treat with highly diluted
    preparations
  • Botanical Medicine
  • Using plants, or substances made from plants to
    treat or prevent disease
  • Therapeutic Massage
  • working of layers of muscle to enhance function,
    aid in healing process, and promoting relaxation
  • Relaxation Techniques
  • Yoga, meditation, visualization deep breathing
  • Journaling
  • Writing about days happenings feelings

13
Sources
  • http//www.belleville.k12.wi.us/bhs/health/mentalh
    ealth/Multiple20Personality20Disorder.html
  • http//www.webmd.com/mental-health/dissociative-id
    entity-disorder-multiple-personality-disorder
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