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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT DARLENE OEHLKE NIDO DE AGUILAS ESS EIA definition (IBO) A method of detailed survey required, in many countries, before a major ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT


1
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
  • DARLENE OEHLKE
  • NIDO DE AGUILAS
  • ESS

2
EIA definition (IBO)
  • A method of detailed survey required, in many
    countries, before a major development.
  • Such a survey should include a baseline study to
    measure environmental conditions before
    development commences, and to identify areas and
    species of conservation importance.
  • The report produced is known as an environmental
    impact statement (EIS)
  • The monitoring should continue for some time
    after the development.

3
Environmental Impact Assessment, EIA
  • An EIA is a report prepared BEFORE a development
    project or large change in the way an area of
    land is used.
  • The use of EIAs is a fairly recent process.
  • 1970s USA
  • 1985 Europe

4
Development projects
  • Road construction
  • A hydroelectric power plant
  • A dam on a river
  • An airport
  • An extension of a city for housing
  • A mine

5
Examples of projects from the AECOM company
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Purpose of an EIA
  • To aid in planning of development
  • To understand the environmental impact that may
    occur from a project before it is put into place
    (scoping)
  • To help determine ways to minimize the damage
    done to the environment

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13
An EIA will examine
  • The original environment
  • Possible impacts on human life and the
    environment
  • Ways to reduce negative impacts
  • Economic benefits and other benefits of the
    project

14
Baseline Study
  • The baseline study will include measurements of
  • Microclimate
  • Biodiversity Biotic components
  • Scenery
  • Abiotic components
  • Human populations in the area

15
Scoping
  • Identify the key issues and concerns of the
    interested parties
  • Who is concerned?
  • What are the concerns?
  • What is the level of concern where the
    development becomes unacceptable?

16
Summary of the purposes of the EIA
  • Support the goals of environmental protection and
    sustainable development
  • Integrate environmental protection and economic
    decisions at the earliest stages of planning
  • To predict environmental, social, economic and
    cultural consequences
  • To mitigate any adverse impacts
  • To provide involvement of the public and
    government agencies

17
Sample flow chart from a project in Malaysia
http//www.njv.com.fj/waisoi-project-environmental
-impact-assessment/
18
Examples
  • EIA Mojave Wind Farm
  • EIA review checklist for mining

19
EIA
  • EIA may be defined as a formal process used to
    predict the environmental consequences of any
    development project. EIA thus ensures that the
    potential problems are foreseen and addressed at
    an early stage in the projects planning and
    design.
  • Manu and Anshu, UEMRI-India

20
Bibliography
  • Environmental Impact Assessment UNEP
  • IB ESS Course Companion pages 299-300
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