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Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns

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Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns Lesson 5 Joseph C. Blumenthal Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns The boys are getting hungry. The word hungry is a (direct object ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns


1
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Lesson 5
  • Joseph C. Blumenthal

2
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Some action verbs can make complete statements
    about their subjects. Other action verbs require
    another word to complete the meaning of the
    sentence.

An action verb is (always, sometimes) followed by
a direct object.
3
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Some action verbs can make complete statements
    about their subjects. Other action verbs require
    another word to complete the meaning of the
    sentence.

An action verb is (always, sometimes) followed by
a direct object.
4
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. The price of steel rose as a result of the
    strike.
  2. The price rose.
  • Although sentence a provides more detail than
    sentence b, the verb rose makes a (complete,
    incomplete) statement about the subject in both
    sentences.

5
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. The price of steel rose as a result of the
    strike.
  2. The price rose.
  • Although sentence a provides more detail than
    sentence b, the verb rose makes a (complete,
    incomplete) statement about the subject in both
    sentences.

6
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
The price of steel rose as a result of the
strike.
  • Does the verb rose require a complement to
    complete the meaning of this sentence?
  • (Yes, No)

7
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
The price of steel rose as a result of the
strike.
  • Does the verb rose require a complement to
    complete the meaning of this sentence?
  • (Yes, No)

8
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
Here are two different action verb
patterns SubjectAction Verb (SV) SubjectActi
on Verb? Direct Object (SVDO)
  • Several athletes from our school completed.

The pattern of this sentence is (SV, SVDO).
9
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
Here are two different action verb
patterns SubjectAction Verb (SV) SubjectActi
on Verb? Direct Object (SVDO)
  • Several athletes from our school completed.

The pattern of this sentence is (SV, SVDO).
10
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
SubjectAction Verb (SV) SubjectAction Verb?
Direct Object (SVDO)
  • Anias Nin filled many diaries with her careful
    observations of people.

The pattern of this sentence is (SV, SVDO).
11
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
SubjectAction Verb (SV) SubjectAction Verb?
Direct Object (SVDO)
  • Anias Nin filled many diaries with her careful
    observations of people.

The pattern of this sentence is (SV, SVDO).
12
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. The principal spoke a few words.
  2. The principal spoke briefly.
  • Which sentence is in the S-V-DO pattern?

13
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. The principal spoke a few words.
  2. The principal spoke briefly.
  • Which sentence is in the S-V-DO pattern?

14
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
In addition to a direct object, the S-V-DO
sentence contains an indirect object, which
explains to whom (or to what) or for whom (or for
what) something is done.
  • Mr. Harvey sold his stamp collection recently.
  • Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection.

Which sentence contains an indirect object?
15
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
In addition to a direct object, the S-V-DO
sentence contains an indirect object, which
explains to whom (or to what) or for whom (or for
what) something is done.
  • Mr. Harvey sold his stamp collection recently.
  • Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection.

Which sentence contains an indirect object?
16
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection.

The indirect object in this sentence is
__________.
17
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection.

The indirect object in this sentence is _ sister
___.
18
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection.

When an indirect object is present, it always
comes (before, after) the direct object.
19
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Mr. Harvey sold my sister his stamp collection.

When an indirect object is present, it always
comes (before, after) the direct object.
20
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • The charcoal gives the meat a tangy flavor.

The indirect object in this sentence is _________.
21
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • The charcoal gives the meat a tangy flavor.

The indirect object in this sentence is __ meat
__.
22
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • a. Shirley read Cynthia her letter.
  • b. Shirley read her letter to Cynthia.

In which sentence is Cynthia an indirect object?
23
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • a. Shirley read Cynthia her letter.
  • b. Shirley read her letter to Cynthia.

In which sentence is Cynthia an indirect object?
24
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • A linking verb can never by itself make a
    complete statement about its subject.

A linking verb must (always, sometimes) be
completed by a subject complement that describes
or identifies the subject of the sentence.
25
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • A linking verb can never by itself make a
    complete statement about its subject.

A linking verb must (always, sometimes) be
completed by a subject complement that describes
or identifies the subject of the sentence.
26
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • a. are, were, seemed, became
  • b. ate, took, studied, listened

Would you expect to find a subject complement
after the words in group a or group b?
27
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • a. are, were, seemed, became
  • b. ate, took, studied, listened

Would you expect to find a subject complement
after the words in group a or group b?
28
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Subject-Linking Verb ? Subject Compliment
  • (S-LV-SC)
  1. Larry lost his voice
  2. Larry became hoarse.

Which sentence is in the S-LV-SC pattern?
29
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  • Subject-Linking Verb ? Subject Compliment
  • (S-LV-SC)
  1. Larry lost his voice
  2. Larry became hoarse.

Which sentence is in the S-LV-SC pattern?
30
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. Larry became a
  2. Larry found a

Which sentence would be completed by a subject
compliment?
31
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. Larry became a
  2. Larry found a

Which sentence would be completed by a subject
compliment?
32
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
In one sentence, are getting is an action verb
followed by a direct object in the other, it is
a linking verb followed by a subject compliment.
  1. The boys are getting their own lunch.
  2. The boys are getting hungry.

The verb are getting is a linking verb in which
sentence?
33
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
In one sentence, are getting is an action verb
followed by a direct object in the other, it is
a linking verb followed by a subject compliment.
  1. The boys are getting their own lunch.
  2. The boys are getting hungry.

The verb are getting is a linking verb in which
sentence?
34
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
The boys are getting hungry.
The word hungry is a (direct object, subject
compliment).
35
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
The boys are getting hungry.
The word hungry is a (direct object, subject
compliment).
36
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. The quality of the programs is excellent.
  2. The quality of the program is improving.

In one of the sentences is serves as a helper to
the main verb. In the other, it is a linking
verb followed by a subject complement.
Which sentence contains a subject complement?
37
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
  1. The quality of the programs is excellent.
  2. The quality of the program is improving.

In one of the sentences is serves as a helper to
the main verb. In the other, it is a linking
verb followed by a subject complement.
Which sentence contains a subject complement?
38
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
Gwen feltabout the tear in her jeans.
The missing word in this sentence would be a
(subject complement, direct object).
39
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
Gwen feltabout the tear in her jeans.
The missing word in this sentence would be a
(subject complement, direct object).
40
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
We moved theto the kitchen.
The missing word in this sentence would be a
(subject complement, direct object).
41
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
We moved theto the kitchen.
The missing word in this sentence would be a
(subject complement, direct object).
42
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
The house seemed strangely empty without the
children
The word empty is a _______ _______.
43
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
The house seemed strangely empty without the
children
The word empty is a subject complement.
44
  • In the following frames write the answers on your
    own sheet of paper.

45
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
  • The boys sing sweetly.
  • 1. S-
  • 2. V-

46
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
One must have been hiding. 3. S- 4. V-
47
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
Students write essays. 5. S- 6. V- 7. DO-
48
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
Henry took off his raincoat. 8. S- 9. V- 10. DO-
49
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
I gave the teacher my essay. 11. S- 12. V- 13.
IO 14. DO-
50
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
He taught others the game. 15. S- 16. V- 17.
IO- 18. DO-
51
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
Michael Jackson was the King of Pop. 19. S- 20.
V- 21. SC-
52
Remember V - a verb includes its helpersDO
who or what receives the actionIO identifies
for whom or to whomSC renames, so you can
replace the LV with an sign
He is an icon in our culture. 22. S- 23. V- 24.
SC-
53
Reviewing Basic Sentence Patterns
You are done!!!
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