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Action Research

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Action Research Not traditional educational research often research tests theory not practical Teacher research in classrooms and/or schools/districts for the purpose of: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Action Research


1
Action Research
  • Not traditional educational research often
    research tests theory not practical
  • Teacher research in classrooms and/or
    schools/districts for the purpose of
  • Improving teaching
  • Investigate areas of concern
  • Testing educational theory
  • Evaluating and implementing an educational plan
  • Meet the challenges within classrooms and schools
  • Action research is used to describe an approach
    to classroom research

2
A few reasons to do action research
  • Help you build a reflective practice based on
    proven ideas or techniques
  • Allow you to try new ideas and reliably assess
    their effectiveness
  • It will help you build confidence in your
    managerial or instructional decisions
  • It will contribute to the professional culture of
    teaching at your school
  • It can create meaningful and lasting change in
    order to improve student achievement

3
Levels of Action Research
  • Individual for classroom
  • Group of teachers for department
  • Teachers, administrators, and other stakeholders
    to affect change in larger school community

4
Action Research History
  • Kurt Lewin(1946) credit with development of
    concept of action research
  • Evolved and influenced by Kemmis(1983), Ebbutt
    (1985), Elliott (1991), Hopkins (1985) and
    others

5
Conducting Action Research Steps
  • Identify the question, issue or problem
  • Conduct a literature review
  • Define a solution
  • Apply the solution and collect the data
  • Analyze your findings
  • Report your findings
  • Take ACTION

6
How to Get Started.. Identify the Question, Issue
or Problem
  • Decide on a FOCUS
  • Find your professional selfsome guiding
    questions may be
  • What are your broad interests in teaching?
  • What are your specific interests?
  • What questions are manageable?
  • What are you passionate about?
  • Is there a problem or question that you would
    like an answer to or as a future teacher,
    administrator, policy maker, researcher and how
    will an answer to your question or idea help you
    do a better job?

7
Literature Review
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vt2d7y_r65HUfeature
    related

8
What is a Literature Review?
  • A lit review done early in the research process
    is the review of the research literature related
    to the problem or question posed?
  • Once the problem or question has been identified,
    information is needed about the problem so that
    it can be placed in the proper context and the
    research can proceed

9
Sources of Information
  • Studies published in books, journals,
    periodicals, technical reports, and academic
    theses and dissertations available either in
    print or online through the librarys electronic
    sources.
  • Note one distinction made between references is
    whether they are primary or secondary sources.
  • A primary source is a report, book, article
    written by the person who conducted the research.
  • Secondary sources are written by someone at
    least one step removed from the research.

10
Assembling and Summarizing Information
  • Once you locate and review the sources from the
    literature search, then you must consider the
    question What should I do with this
    information?
  • First, you need to determine if the content of
    the source is relevant to your research problem
    or question? Try to stay focused
  • If is not relevant, delete it!

11
Interpreting and Using Information
  • Once you review your sources, you can skim them
    to get an overview.
  • From this overview, you can make a decision on
    whether this information is relevant to your
    research problem or question

12
Writing the Review
  • Now the information that you have reviewed and
    synthesized can be put into the review of the
    literature
  • For your literature review it should be from 10
    to 15 pages with a minimum of 10 references.

13
Referencing
  • When information is reported from a source, it
    must be adequately referenced. Please use APA
    format.
  • Referencing can be done in a number of ways, a
    reference list is limited to references sited in
    your reportplease use References for your
    report.
  • A bibliography may also include references for
    background information or further reading

14
Conducting Action Research Steps
  • Identify the question, issue or problem
  • Conduct a literature review
  • Define a solution
  • Apply the solution and collect the data
  • Analyze your findings
  • Report your findings
  • Take ACTION

15
Conducting Action Research Steps Further Defined
  • At this point,
  • You have identified the question, issue or
    problem
  • Conducted a literature review search
  • Reviewed the available literature and written a
    Literature Review on your question of interest

16
What have you discovered?
17
Conducting Action Research Steps Further Defined
  • Define a solution
  • Apply the solution and collect the data
  • Analyze your findings
  • Report your findings
  • Take ACTION

18
What do we mean by Define a Solution Next Step?
  • Research Design
  • Quantitative or Qualitative?
  • Action research is defined as research conducted
    at the local level, conducted by a practitioner,
    focused on solving a particular problem it can be
    either
  • Research Methods
  • Sampling procedures
  • Data collection procedures

19
The Nature of Educational Research
  • Research is empirical.
  • Research is systematic.
  • Research should be valid.
  • Research should be reliable.
  • Research can take on a variety of forms.

20
Research is empirical
  • Educational research is characterized as
    empirical, because empiricism is the concept that
    all knowledge is derived from sense experience.
  • Information takes the form of data, which can
    include test scores, field notes, responses to
    questionnaire items, etc

21
Research is systematic
  • Based on the scientific method, there are five
    steps
  • 1. Identify the problem
  • 2. Review the information
  • 3. Collect data
  • 4. Analyze data
  • 5. Draw conclusions within the framework of your
    study

22
Research should be valid
  • Validity is when something should be based on
    fact or evidence
  • Internal validity is the extent to which results
    can be interpreted accurately
  • External validity is the extent to which results
    can be generalized to a population, situations
    and conditions..in action research we are not
    concerned about this area

23
Research should be reliable
  • Reliability of research concerns the
    replicability and consistency of the methods,
    conditions, and results.

24
Research can take on a variety of forms
  • Basic and applied research
  • The primary purpose of basic research is the
    extension of knowledge
  • The primary purpose of applied research is the
    solution of an immediate, practical problem

25
Action Research
  • One type of applied research is action research
    this is what we are doing!
  • Action research is often conducted by teachers,
    administrators or other educational professionals
    for solving a specific problem or for providing
    information for decision making at the local
    level.
  • Action research is less rigorous in terms of
    design and methodology then other educational
    research

26
Research Methods
  • Describe your sampling and data collection
    procedures
  • Identify your instrument, test, interview,
    questionnaire, survey
  • How will you measure?
  • What about validity and reliability?
  • How will you analyze the data? Important to think
    about ahead of time, if you are using human
    subjects you need to go through an institutional
    review board.

27
Data Collection
  • Measuring instruments must be identified and/or
    developed
  • If the data is descriptive in nature, you must
    take field notes
  • You can collect data by doing interviews or
    observations
  • If you conduct a survey, you need to determine
    what measuring instruments you will use, i.e.
    questionnaires, standardized tests
  • Think aheadabout preparing the data you collect
    for analysis

28
Next Step
  • Defining your solution
  • Collecting your data..
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