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Spanish American War

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Foxborough History Department * Yellow Journalism Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spanish American War


1
Spanish American War
2
Overview
  • Causes
  • Leaders
  • Timeline-Events
  • Maps
  • Cartoons
  • Evaluation

3
Causes of Spanish American War
  • Imperialism
  • Social Darwinism- Activity
  • http//www.smplanet.com/imperialism/activity.html
  • Yellow Journalism
  • Militarism
  • Industrial Revolution
  • World Power (land)

4
Imperialism
  • The policy of extending a nation's authority by
    territorial acquisition or by the establishment
    of economic and political control over other
    nations

5
Social Darwinism
  • The application of Darwinism to the study of
    human society, specifically a theory in sociology
    that individuals or groups achieve advantage over
    others as the result of genetic or biological
    superiority.

6
Yellow Journalism
  • Journalism that exploits, distorts, or
    exaggerates the news to create sensations and
    attract readers.

7
Militarism
  • 1.Glorification of the ideals of a professional
    military class
  • 2. A policy in which military preparedness is of
    primary importance to a state

8
Industrial Revolution
  • The complex of radical socioeconomic changes,
    such as the ones that took place in England in
    the late 18th century, that are brought about
    when extensive mechanization of production
    systems results in a shift from home-based hand
    manufacturing to large-scale factory production

9
World Power
  • Need for new markets to sell goods
  • More land to get raw materials
  • Keep up with European Powers
  • Goals of leadership

10
To Hell with Spain Remember the Maine
  • At 940pm on February 15, 1898, the battleship
    U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana Harbor
  • 268 men were killed, shocking the American
    population
  • What or who caused this explosion?
  • http//www.homeofheroes.com/wallofhonor/spanish_am
    /02_maine.html

11
Waiting for the Facts
  • Who is waiting?
  • Why should we wait for the facts?
  • Why might the United States want to go to war?
  • What positive effects or outcomes could come from
    a war with Spain?

12
Leaders
  • William McKinley
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • George Dewey
  • William Randolph Hearst
  • General Weyler The Butcher
  • Emilio Aguinaldo

13
William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901)
  • 25th President
  • Wanted to avoid war in Cuba
  • Yellow journalism and public supported war
  • In April 1898, President McKinley abandoned his
    failed diplomatic efforts and asked Congress for
    permission to intervene in Cuba.

14
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the
Navy.
  • I should welcome almost any war, for I think
    this country needs one
  • First Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "Rough
    Riders. Stop, drop, thats how rough riders
    roll..(DMX)

15
Commodore George Dewey
  • May 1, 1899 Commodore Dewey and his Asiatic
    Squadron defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
  • During and after the war, George Dewey became
    one of the war's most celebrated heroes

16
William Randolph Hearst
  • Newspaper publisher and leading example of yellow
    journalism
  • New York Journal started a public hysteria for
    war with Spain by publishing incendiary articles
    and illustrations
  • Hearst once said "You provide the pictures and
    I'll provide the war."

17
General Weyler The Butcher
  • In 1896, the Spanish sent "The Butcher," to Cuba
  • To prevent the insurrectos
  • Weyler built concentration camps in which he
    imprisoned a large portion of the population
  • Under the harsh and unsanitary conditions in the
    concentration camps,
  • Cuban prisoners died rapidly, especially from
    disease

18
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • The Philippines' revolutionary leader
  • Fought first against Spanish imperialism
  • After the end of the Spanish- American War,
    fought against American

19
Events-Timeline
  • 1895 Cuban nationalists revolt against Spanish
    rule
  • 1896 Spanish General Weyler (the "Butcher")
    comes to Cuba.
  • 1897 Spain recalls Weyler
  • Early 1898 USS Maine sent to Cuba
  • February 9, 1898 Hearst publishes Dupuy du
    Lome's letter insulting McKinley.

20
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21
Sensational Journalism or Yellow
Journalism Activity
  • Screaming newspaper headlines about the situation
    in Cuba in the 1890s helped fan the flames of war
    by influencing public opinion in the United
    States
  • Research current headlines aimed at selling
    newspapers -- rather than telling honest stories
    --look at newsstands and in supermarket checkout
    lines
  • Research some of the headlines and stories
    published in the World and the Journal in the
    1890s and compare these with the headlines found
    in modern tabloid papers
  • How are they similar and/or different? Are any
    stories more or less harmful than others?
  • http//www.humboldt.edu/jcb10/spanwar.shtml
  • http//www.boondocksnet.com/gallery/cartoons/1898/
    index_bart.html

22
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23
Quiz-10 pts each
  • List 3 causes of the Spanish American War
  • What ship sunk to start the war?
  • Who was the President in 1898?
  • Who was Secretary of Defense
  • What role did Yellow Journalism play in the
    Spanish American War

24
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25
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26
Spanish Politeness
  • Who is holding the knife?
  • Name the ship
  • Is this an example of Yellow Journalism? Explain

27
Events-Timeline
  • February 15, 1898 Sinking of the USS Maine
  • February 25, 1898 Assistant Secretary of the
    Navy Theodore Roosevelt cables Commodore Dewey
    with plan attack the Philippines if war with
    Spain breaks out
  • April 11, 1898 McKinley approves war with Spain
  • April 24, 1898 Spain declares war on the US
  • April 25, 1898 US declares war on Spain

28
Let go of him McKinley
  • Who is McKinley holding?
  • Who is being attacked?
  • What is the message to the public in 1898?

29
Events-Timeline
  • May 1, 1898 Battle of Manila Bay (Philippines)
  • May, 1898 July 1, 1898 San Juan Hill taken by
    "Rough Riders"
  • July 3, 1898 Battle of Santiago - Spain's
    Caribbean fleet destroyed.
  • July 7, 1898 Hawaii annexed
  • July 17, 1898 City of Santiago surrenders to
    General William Shafter
  • August 12, 1898 Spain signs armistice
  • August 13, 1898 US troops capture Manila

30
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31
July 1, 1898 San Juan Hill taken by "Rough
Riders"

32
Events-Timeline
  • December 10, 1898 Treaty of Paris signed - US
    annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
  • January 23, 1899 Philippines declares itself an
    independent republic - Led by Emilio Auginaldo,
    the self-declared Filipino government fights a
    guerilla war against the US that lasts longer
    than the Spanish-American War itself.
  • February 6, 1899 the Treaty of Paris passes in
    the Senate
  • 1900 Foraker Act - Some self-government allowed
    in Puerto Rico.

33
Events-Timeline
  • March 1901 Emilio Auginaldo captured.
  • 1901 Platt Amendment-Cuban government could not
    enter any foreign agreement, allows two naval
    bases in Cuba and U.S can intervene when
    necessary
  • 1902 US withdraws from Cuba
  • 1917 Puerto Ricans given US citizenship

34
Map
35
Results of the Spanish American War
  • Treaty of Paris signed on December 10, 1898 ended
    the Spanish- American War
  • Cuba went free, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the
    Philippines were ceded to the US, and the US
    agreed to pay Spain an indemnity of 20 million
  • America becomes a world power

36
Evaluation
  • Visual QuizWho am I? What was my involvement?
    Define? Explain
  • http//www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_resources.html

37
Quiz-Questions 1-3
  1. Who am I?
  2. What was my role in the Spanish American War?
  3. What was the nickname of my voluntary Calvary?

38
Quiz-Questions 4-6
  • 4. What role did Yellow Journalism play in the
    war?
  • 5. What ship blew up that sparked the war?
  • 6. Who was the President during the Spanish
    American War?

39
Question 7
  • 7. What hill is being taken by T.R and the Rough
    Riders?

40
Question 8
  • 8. Who am I?
  • Hint the Admiral in Philippians

41
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42
Short Answers
  • Do you think there is any such thing as a
    "splendid little war"? What other wars might some
    people remember as "splendid little" ones? Who
    might think these wars were not so splendid? Who
    usually suffers most in a war? Who has to bear
    the long-term effects of a war?
  • What responsibilities does the press have in
    terms of how it reports news stories? What are
    the short-term benefits of exaggerating or
    fabricating stories to make exciting headlines?
    What might be some long-term benefits of adhering
    to the truth?

43
Work Cited
  • Timeline- Sparknotes http//www.sparknotes.com/his
    tory/american/spanishamerican/
  • Other Web Sites- PBS Movie web site
    http//www.pbs.org/crucible/
  • Small Planets http//www.smplanet.com/imperialism/
    teacher.htmlOutline
  • Pictures http//www.google.com/imghp?hlentabwi
    ieUTF-8oeUTF-8q

44
Quiz Answer Sheet
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