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Unit Test on Short Stories


Unit Test on Short Stories Review Literary Terms Plot-a series of events Exposition-part of the plot where the characters and main conflict are introduced Rising ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit Test on Short Stories

Unit Test on Short Stories
  • Review

Literary Terms
  • Plot-a series of events
  • Exposition-part of the plot where the characters
    and main conflict are introduced
  • Rising action-chain of events which occur as the
    main character struggles to achieve his or her
  • Climax-the point of highest emotional intensity
  • Falling action-events which occur after the
  • Resolution-events where any remaining issues are

Literary Terms-continued
  • Conflict-a struggle between two opposing forces
  • External conflict-a struggle with an outside
    force (man vs. man, man vs. nature
  • Internal conflict-a struggle within the
    characters heart or mind
  • Flashback-a scene that presents events that
    happened before the main time frame of a story
  • Foreshadowing-clues which hint at what is going
    to happen later on in a story

Literary Terms-continued
  • Setting-the time and place in which the action of
    a story takes place
  • Mood-the atmosphere of a story which affects the
    way we feel as we read
  • Tone-the authors attitude toward his or her
  • Protagonist-the main character, often the one you
    root for in a story
  • Antagonist-conflicts with the protagonist,
    attempting to prevent the protagonist from
    attaining goals

Literary Terms-continued
  • Round character-has many different character
    traits like a real person
  • Flat character-has only one or two traits
  • Static character-does not change in the course of
    a story
  • Dynamic character-grows and changes during a
  • Motivation-the reason a character behaves a
    certain way
  • Direct characterization-writers tell the reader
    directly what characters are like

Literary Terms-continued
  • Indirect characterization-the author leads you to
    make inferences about characters based on their
    words, actions, thoughts, and how other
    characters respond to them
  • Inference-an educated guess based on experience
    and observation
  • Narrator-the storyteller
  • Omniscient narrator-all-knowing, is able to tell
    the reader what every character thinks or feels,
    not a character in the story

Literary Terms-continued
  • First-person narrator-a character in the story,
    uses pronouns like I and me, may be biased
  • Third-person limited narrator-focuses on the
    thoughts and feelings of just one character, not
    a character in the story, uses third person
    pronouns like he or she
  • Voice-a writers unique use of language and style
  • Theme-an insight about life expressed in a
    literary work, a central idea of a work of
    literature, usually not directly stated

Literary Terms-continued
  • Symbol-an object, event, person, or animal that
    stands for both itself and also for something
    else. Symbols can be invented or inherited.
  • Allegory-a story in which the characters,
    setting, and action stand for something beyond
    themselves. An allegory can be read on two
    different levels-a literal level and a symbolic
  • Irony-the difference between what we expect and
    what actually happens
  • Verbal irony-when someone says one thing but
    means the opposite
  • Situational irony-when an event is completely
    unexpected, the opposite of what you thought
    would happen
  • Dramatic irony-when the audience or reader knows
    something that the characters dont know

The Sniper
  • Dublin, 1920s
  • Irish Civil War
  • Two snipers on rooftops
  • Dark serious mood
  • At the end, the sniper finds out he has killed
    his own brother

  • The title has a double meaning.
  • Dominican Republic
  • Family needs to leave the country to come to the
    US because of the political situation
  • First person narrator
  • Narrator has internal conflict over leaving the
    dog behind
  • One of the themes of the story is that liberty
    requires sacrifices

Harrison Bergeron
  • Futuristic setting
  • A society which enforces extraordinary control
    over its citizens
  • Harrison rebels and is killed
  • Theme-it is impossible to make everyone the same

A Sound of Thunder
  • Science fiction
  • A hunter travels back in time to shoot a dinosaur
  • Because he doesnt heed warnings, he alters the
    future and is killed
  • Theme-individual actions have consequences
  • Title has a dual meaning
  • Conflict-man vs. man, man vs. nature

Old Man at the Bridge
  • An old man is evacuating during the Spanish Civil
    War. He is worried about the animals he had to
    leave behind.
  • A soldier talks to him, but the soldiers job is
    to move on.
  • Makes the point of how war affects ordinary

Thank You, Mam
  • A boy named Roger tries to steal an older womans
    purse. She grabs him, takes him home with her,
    feeds him, and gives him money.
  • The story is about forgiveness and second
  • Irony in the title
  • Setting-city, late at night, small apartment
  • Characterization is important

A Christmas Memory
  • First person narrator-a seven-year-old boy
  • About his relationship with an elderly cousin and
    how they make fruitcakes every year
  • In the South during the Depression
  • Style is very descriptive
  • Characterization is important
  • Kites are a symbol

In the Family
  • First person, unreliable narrator
  • Supernatural-deceased family members are living
    in the mirror!

The Interlopers
  • Omniscient narrator
  • Two neighboring landowners who have carried on a
    feud begun generations ago
  • They are trapped together in a forest
  • They agree to end the feud-but they will probably
    be eaten by wolves
  • Ironic ending
  • Conflicts-man vs. man, man vs. nature
  • Serious, objective tone

  • Third person limited narrator
  • Millicent, the main character, thinks she wants
    to join a high school sorority
  • She goes through initiation, but decides not to
  • She wants to be an individual and remain friends
    with Tracy
  • Heather birds symbolize freedom and individuality

The Wifes Story
  • A twist on the traditional werewolf story
  • First person point of view
  • Voice
  • The use of a first person narrator creates

The Scarlet Ibis
  • The scarlet ibis is a symbol for Doodle
  • First person narrator
  • Very descriptive style-lots of similes
  • Theme-attempts to change others can cause pain.
    People make selfish choices they know will hurt
  • Voice shifts during the story

The Gift of the Magi
  • Situational irony
  • Paradox
  • Third person narrator who is not a character in
    the story, but who plays a role by making
    comments directly to the reader
  • Della has an internal conflict over whether or
    not to cut her hair

The Golden Kite, The Silver Wind
  • The story is an allegory.
  • The story is about a competition between
    neighboring Chinese towns over who can build a
    better wall.
  • The story is an allegory of the Cold War and the
    arms race between the United States and the
    Soviet Union.
  • The author, Ray Bradbury, was trying to warn
    about the dangers of technology.
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