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America Becomes a World Power

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America Becomes a World Power By. Janine Hepler America Stretches Its Wings Manifest Destiny Rise of Industrialization Rise of wealth Frontier settlement Imperialist ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: America Becomes a World Power


1
America Becomes a World Power
  • By. Janine Hepler

2
America Stretches Its Wings
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Rise of Industrialization
  • Rise of wealth
  • Frontier settlement
  • Imperialist Theory
  • Supported by expansionists
  • Encouraged by the press

3
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4
Key Terms
  • Expansionists people who wanted to extend the
    nations power within the Western hemisphere
    around the world
  • Imperialism policy of extending a nations power
    by gaining political economic control over
    other countries

5
U.S. Imperialism 4 Arguments in Favor of
Expansion
  • National Honor
  • Commerce Power
  • Racial Superiority
  • Altruism (Helping Others)
  • Roots Political, Economic, Cultural

6
Anti-Imperialists
  • Believe that taking over other nations is
    hypocritical
  • Thought that colonies would cost too much

7
Hawaii
  • 1898 U.S. scoops up Hawaii by force
  • Queen tries to resist but is unsuccessful
  • Annexation to add as a territory
  • ?Queen Liliuokalani

8
Review Questions
  • Define Imperialism
  • Identify 4 reasons why Americans supported
    imperialism
  • Summarize the position of Anti-imperialists.
  • What happened to Hawaii in 1898?

9
Spanish-American War
10
American Expansion Plans
  • Areas of Interest
  • Cuba
  • Puerto Rico
  • Americans wanted to annex both islands
  • Wanted to enforce the Monroe Doctrine

11
Cubans Struggle For Independence
  • 1868 Unsuccessful revolt
  • 1895 2nd Attempt at Independence
  • Jose Marti
  • American sympathy for Cubans grew

12
Yellow Journalism
  • Practice of publishing sensational often
    exaggerated news stories in order to attract
    readers
  • Often based on rumors untruths

13
Battleship Maine Tragedy
  • President McKinley sent Maine to Havana to help
    Americans in case of trouble
  • Explosion sinks ship
  • 260 sailors die aboard
  • Americans blame Spain

14
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15
A Splendid Little War Begins
  • Remember the Maine!
  • Young men rushed to join the Navy
  • Free Cuba!
  • McKinley attempts to work out a solution b/t Cuba
    Spain
  • Unsuccessful
  • War is declared

16
The Rough Riders
  • Teddy Roosevelt resigns as Asst. Secretary of the
    Navy
  • Puts together his own regiment
  • Powerful, wealthy men, ranch hands

17
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18
The Spanish-American War
  • Spanish Weaknesses
  • Limited strength
  • Limited weapons
  • American Strategy
  • Force Spanish out of fortified cities harbors
  • Capture Santiago
  • San Juan Hill

19
Capturing San Juan Hill
  • Charged up the hill braving Spanish fire
  • Spanish troops retreated to save their ships
  • U.S. captured sank each one
  • Spain soon surrendered

20
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21
Results of the Spanish-American War
  • Lasted 4 months
  • 345 American deaths
  • 5,500 died of disease
  • Cuba earned its independence
  • Puerto Rico became a U.S. territory

22
The Philippines
23
After the U.S.S. Maine Tragedy
  • Teddy Roosevelt sends telegram to the Admiral
    George Dewey
  • In the event of a declaration of war, begin
    offensive operations in Philippine Islands

24
Spain the Philippines
  • Philippines Spains main base in the Pacific
  • Islands people Filipinos
  • Filipinos wanted independence from Spain
  • Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo

25
Battle at Manila Bay
  • Deweys fleet arrived in Manila 5 days after war
    was declared
  • 1st battle of Spanish American War
  • Battle began at dawn on May 1st 1898
  • Spain was defeated by 11 am

26
Battle at Manila Bay
  • Spain was outmatched
  • Wooden ships
  • Untrained crews
  • U.S. advantages pay off
  • Modern steel ships
  • Well-trained crews
  • Only 1 U.S. casualty

27
Defeating the Spanish
  • Dewey blockaded the port until U.S. troops
    arrived to take Manilla
  • Filipinos helped by surrounding the city
  • Spanish agreed to lose a fake battle in order
    to surrender to the U.S.

28
The U.S. the Philippines
  • After Spains surrender, the U.S. bought the
    Philippines for 20 million
  • 1899- Congress voted to annex the Philippines
  • Aguinaldo feels betrayed
  • Fighting lasts 3 years

29
Fighting the Filipinos
  • 80,000 Filipinos fought off better-trained
    better-armed Americans
  • Both sides tortured prisoners
  • Americans became increasingly cruel

30
Results of the Philippine War
  • Expansionists won
  • President McKinley wanted to keep the bay open to
    the markets of China
  • 20,000 Filipinos died
  • 4,000 Americans died
  • Set-up nonmilitary government?1947

31
Panama the Canal
32
Teddy Roosevelt
  • Speak softly carry a big stick
  • Hero of the Spanish-American War
  • Vice President under McKinley
  • Wanted to promote imperialism expansion
  • Dreamt of controlling the Atlantic the Pacific

33
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34
Dreaming of a Canal
  • Roosevelt became President in 1901 after McKinley
    was assassinated
  • Roosevelt wanted to better defend new U.S.
    territories in the Atlantic Pacific
  • Help Navy
  • Protect business interests

35
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36
Roosevelts Offer to Colombia
  • Roosevelt offered 10 million for their land in
    the province of Panama
  • Colombia refused the offer
  • Roosevelt sent warships to Panama

37
Revolution in Panama
  • Panamanian Rebels won their independence from
    Colombia
  • Panama accepted 10 million offer in exchange for
    giving the U.S. control over the canal zone

38
Building The Big Ditch
  • 1904-1914
  • Workers faced terrible conditions
  • Poor sanitation
  • Malaria
  • Yellow Fever
  • Used dynamite steam shovels

39
China Japan
40
The U.S. China
  • U.S. imperialists saw the Philippines as a
    gateway to the rest of Asia
  • U.S. didnt want Asian colonies or to risk a war
  • China vast market for American products

41
China the World
  • By 1899 France, Germany, Britain, Japan,
    Russia all had established settlements along the
    coast of China
  • These nations also had rites to RR construction
    mine development

42
Hays Open Door Notes
  • Secretary of State, John Hay wished to protect
    American interests
  • Open Door Notes series of policy statements sent
    to officials asking for open access to Chinas
    ports the elimination of special privileges

43
Rebellion in China
  • Boxer Rebellion (1900)
  • Brought imperialist nations together (to stop
    rebellion)
  • Boxers secret society rose to drive out
    foreign devils
  • Killed 1000s of missionaries, foreigners,
    converts to Christianity
  • International troops ended rebellion within 2
    months

44
Open Door NotesTake 2
  • Issued by Hay to further protect U.S. imperialism
  • Announced
  • U.S. would safeguard free trade in China
  • Paved the way for American influence in China

45
American Beliefs Expressed by Open Door Policy
  • The growth of the U.S. economy depended on
    exports
  • The U.S. had the right to intervene to keep
    foreign markets open.
  • U.S. economic survival was threatened by closing
    of an area to American products, citizens, or
    ideas.

46
Japan
  • 1904 tensions over Korea escalated into a war
    b/t Japan Russia
  • Russo-Japanese War
  • When Japan defeated Russia, President Roosevelt
    was asked to mediate the conflict
  • Treaty of Portsmouth
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