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Comparing All Branches of US Government

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Comparing All Branches of US Government In the United States we have three main branches of government. We have local, state, and national governments. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparing All Branches of US Government


1
Comparing All Branches of US Government
  • In the United States we have three main branches
    of government.
  • We have local, state, and national governments.
  • In each one we have three branches legislative,
    executive, and judicial branches.
  • Each one has its own jobs to do. We will learn
    all about American Government together.

2
Vocabulary
  • Democracy a government in which people choose
    their leaders and govern themselves
  • Direct Democracy a government in which citizens
    meet to govern themselves
  • Representative Democracy a government in which
    citizens choose others to represent them.
  • election citizens vote for people to represent
    them
  • Tax a fee citizens pay to local, state or
    national government
  • Mayor the leader of a citys government
  • Council a group of officials who make rules or
    laws

3
Vocabulary
  • Governor the person elected as head of state
  • Capitol the building where elected leaders work
  • Capital the seat of government, city
  • Citizen an official member of community, state,
    or county
  • General Assembly Part of Executive Branch of
    Georgia State Government, also known as Congress,
    2 parts, Senate and House of Representatives
  • Legislative Branch the branch that makes laws,
    writes and rewrite laws, and votes on laws

4
Vocabulary
  • Executive Branch The part of Government that
    leads, Mayor, Governor, and President are leaders
  • Judicial Branch The Court System, judges,
    Supreme Court is the highest court at the state
    and national level
  • Understanding Vocabulary helps government make
    sense.

5
Local, State, and National Government
  • Each level of government is called a branch.
    Think of a tree with three branches.
  • This will help you to see
  • how our branches of
  • government are alike
  • in these three levels
  • of government.

6
Legislative Branch
7
Legislative Branch They are all about Laws!
8
State and National Legislative Branches
  • State
  • Called the Georgia Assembly (Congress)
  • Has 2 parts
  • Senate
  • House of Representatives
  • National
  • Called the Congress
  • Has 2 parts
  • Senate
  • House of Representatives

9
Executive Branch All about Leaders!
10
Executive Branch
11
Veto Power belongs to the Executive Branch
  • Veto is one strong Power!

12
Judicial Branch
13
Judicial Branch
14
The US Supreme Court is made up of Judges There
are 9 Supreme Court Judges
15
Review
  • Legislative Branch of
  • Government
  • City Council
  • Georgia Assembly
  • Congress
  • Makes new laws, rewrites old laws, vote on laws
  • Executive Branch of Government
  • Mayor
  • Governor
  • President
  • Signs laws, carries out laws, can veto laws

16
Review
  • Judicial Branch
  • Judges
  • Court Systems
  • Supreme Courts in State and National
  • Makes sure laws follow the Constitution, settles
    disputes, gives out punishments
  • We have a representative democracy. We elect
    others to represent us as government officials.

17
Local Government
18
State Government
19
National Government
20
What are taxes? How are they used to help
citizens in a community?
  • Taxes are paid to the government from your own
    paycheck. Every citizen and business is required
    by law to pay taxes. They help us in many ways in
    our local communities.

21
Taxes are paid for many things
  • Citizens pay taxes on everything they buy in
    stores, including food.
  • They pay taxes on their homes, cars, land,
    businesses.
  • Taxes are not fun to pay but the local government
    needs them to provide each citizen with services.

22
What do taxes provide?
  • Taxes pay for many things like
  • Road repairs
  • Subways
  • Trash collection
  • Running water
  • Schools
  • Libraries
  • Police
  • Fire Departments

23
What do taxes NOT provide for citizens?
  1. Road repairs, schools, and police departments
  2. Running water, fire departments, trash collection
  3. New cars, swimming pools, toys
  4. Go ask your momma!

24
New cars, swimming pools, toys
  • Swimming pools? Are you kidding me?

25
Taxes pay for
  • Schools Local and State Government have the
    responsibility over our schools
  • Military The National Government has the
    responsibility of our military for the protection
    of our country.

26
The Washington Monument
  • A monument is a building
  • Or statue that helps
  • People remember a
  • person or event.
  • This is the Washington
  • Monument completed in
  • 1884 and is over 550
  • feet tall.

27
Significance of Washington Monument
  • The Washington Monument is near the west end of
    the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to
    commemorate the first U.S. president, General
    George Washington. The monument, made of marble,
    granite, and sandstone, is both the world's
    tallest stone structure and the world's tallest
    obelisk in height standing 555 feet 5? inches
    (169.294 m).

28
Our first President George Washington
29
What are rights?
  • Protecting your rights means protecting your
    freedoms as an American.

30
Our Nations Capital
  • Our nations capital is Washington, DC

31
Our Nations Capitol Building
  • This is the building where all of our elected
    officials work. The President of the United
    States has his offices here.

32
Separation of Power
  • Separation of Power means that the three branches
    of government have different powers and different
    jobs to do. If one branch had too much power, it
    could run the government alone. This would not be
    good!
  • This separation is called checks and balances.
    It means that they help keep each other in check
    and help each other.

33
(No Transcript)
34
Checks and Balances Separation of Power
35
Each level of government has its own powers and
responsibilities
  • National Government is responsible for the
    nations defense and controls the military.
  • State and Local Governments work to protect the
    citizens of their state, city or town. They
    protect our rights.
  • Separation of Power helps the government to
    protect our rights better.

36
What are the jobs of the Executive Branch of
Government?
  • Write laws, rewrite laws, and vote on laws
  • Signs laws, carries out laws, and can veto laws
  • Makes sure laws follow the Constitution, settles
    disputes, and gives out punishments

37
What are the jobs of the Judicial Branch of
Government?
  • Write laws, rewrite laws, and vote on laws
  • Signs laws, carries out laws, and can veto laws
  • Makes sure laws follow the Constitution, settles
    disputes, and gives out punishments

38
What are the jobs of the Legislative Branch of
Government?
  • Write laws, rewrite laws, and vote on laws
  • Signs laws, carries out laws, and can veto laws
  • Makes sure laws follow the Constitution, settles
    disputes, and gives out punishments

39
Which level of government has more power over
schools?
  1. The local and state levels
  2. The national and state levels
  3. The local and national levels
  4. All of the above

40
Which level of government has more power over the
US military?
  1. The local and state levels
  2. The national level
  3. The local and national levels
  4. All of the above

41
Who pays taxes?
  1. Only foreigners living in the US
  2. Only small business owners
  3. Only major business owners
  4. Citizens and businesses both pay taxes

42
What are the rights of citizens?
  • It is on the right side of your body, many people
    are right handed
  • They are the freedoms of citizens
  • They are taxes that people pay
  • None of the above

43
Which of these is the Legislative Branch of
Government at the Local, State and National
Levels?
  1. The Mayor, Governor, President
  2. The Courts, Judges, and Supreme Courts
  3. The City Council, Georgia Assembly, and Congress
  4. None of the Above
  5. All of the Above

44
Which of these is the Executive Branch of
Government at the Local, State and National
Levels?
  1. The Mayor, Governor, President
  2. The Courts, Judges, and Supreme Courts
  3. The City Council, Georgia Assembly, and Congress
  4. None of the Above
  5. All of the Above

45
Which of these is the Judicial Branch of
Government at the Local, State and National
Levels?
  1. The Mayor, Governor, President
  2. The Courts, Judges, and Supreme Courts
  3. The City Council, Georgia Assembly, and Congress
  4. None of the Above
  5. All of the Above

46
Georgia Standards
  • SS3CG1b
  • SS3CG1
  • SS3E2
  • SS3CG1a
  • SS3CG1c
  • B Arnold 2009
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