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The Parables of Jesus

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The Parables of Jesus This is the same thing as the OT mashal, The parable is more than simply a simile or story: it could range from the allegorical story to a pithy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Parables of Jesus


1
The Parables of Jesus
2
This is the same thing as the OT mashal,
  • The parable is more than simply a simile or
    story it could range from the allegorical story
    to a pithy saying
  • Often it included a metaphorical element
  • It needs to be understood as wisdom

3
The mashal was a form widely used in Jesus' day.
  • Parts of the parable (in rabbinic usage)
  • Illustrand
  • Introductory formula
  • Parable proper
  • Application
  • Scriptural quotation

4
Types of parable
  • Byword
  • Parabolic act (or object lesson)
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Fable
  • Anecdote
  • Example Story
  • Analogy
  • Vertical Comparison

5
Jesus' reason for using the parable form
  • It was a common style of teaching among the
    teachers of his day
  • It both revealed and obscured at the same time
  • The parables are also a judgment (Mk 412)

6
Marks collection composite collection
typical instance
  • There are 60 parables in the synoptics in total
  • Literature on the parables
  • A. Jülicher
  • C. H. Dodd The Parables of the Kingdom
  • J. Jeremias The Parables of Jesus

7
Key parable the sower, Mk 43-914-20
  • Response of Israel to God // response of Israel
    to Jesus
  • The essence of the parable is the four types of
    response
  • Calls hearers to decide who they will be
  • Encourages preachers despite the disappointment
    about some

8
The four responses are
  • The one who makes no response
  • Two pseudo-responses
  • "Faith" that will not suffer
  • Co-opted "faith" the "double-minded person"
  • A sincere and total response

9
Sower, cont
  • A secondary observation Jesus places
    persecution and the world as twin dangers of the
    church.

10
The sayings group, Mk 421-25
  • The group is gathered here, but in Matthew it is
    separate
  • In Mark these serve as a call to faith
  • These are predicated upon what will happen, not
    what might happen
  • They call for a decision in a crisis situation

11
The seed growing secretly, Mk 426-29
  • One interpretation is that this is a call for
    patience
  • Another interpretation would be that it is a
    stress on the surety of the harvest

12
The Mustard Seed, Mk 430-34
  • This parable is one of contrast
  • The birds roost in this shrub the gentiles
    taking shelter in Israel

13
Matthews parables in Matt 13
  • Weeds and wheat Matt 1324-30 36-43 (M)
  • Leaven Matt 1333 (Q)
  • Hidden treasure Pearl Matt 1344-46 (M)
  • Fishnet Matt 1337-40 (M)
  • Treasures Old and New (Matt 1351-52 (M)

14
Lukes Parables in Luke 7-11
  • Two debtors 741-43 (L)
  • Who loves more?
  • Good Samaritan 1030-37 (L)
  • Reverses who is in and who out
  • Friend at midnight 115-8 (L)
  • Prayer

15
Lukes parables in Luke 12 -13
  • Rich fool 1216-21 (L)
  • Waiting and watching slaves 1235-40 (L)
  • Faithful and evil slaves 1241-48 (L)
  • Barren fig tree 136-9 (L)

16
Lukes parables in Luke 14
  • Chief seats 147-11 (L)
  • Great supper 1416-24 (L)
  • Unfinished tower 14 28-30 (L)
  • Unwaged war 1431-32 (L)

17
Lukes parables in Luke 15 - 16
  • Lost piece of silver 158-10 (L)
  • Prodigal son 1511-32 (L)
  • Unrighteous steward 161-13 (L)
  • Rich man and Lazarus 1619-31 (L)

18
Lukes parables in Luke 17-19
  • Unprofitable slaves 177-10 (L)
  • Unjust judge 181-8 (L)
  • Pharisee and Tax Collector 189-14 (L)
  • Pounds 1911-27 // Talents Matt 2514-30

19
The goal of the parables is to
  • Call to decision
  • Reassure
  • Challenge to discipleship
  • Point up the crisis of the hour
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