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Title:

Alcohol

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Vital Functions Short Term Effects Long Term Effects Alcohol Terms Alcoholism Stages Leading to Alcoholism Risk Factors for Alcoholism Warning Signs of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alcohol


1
Alcohol
  • A depressant drug found in wine, beer, and
    liquor. It can change the physical and emotional
    state.

2
Alcohol Effects on Body
  • Irritation of mouth, throat, esophagus, and
    stomach. Nausea and vomiting
  • Blood vessels dilate so heart works harder
  • Lose body heat making the person feel warm and
    look flushed
  • Makes liver work harder (can only break down 1
    drink per hour)
  • Can cause dehydration

3
(No Transcript)
4
Functioning Levels of the Brain
  • 1. Intellectual Function
  • Reasoning
  • Standards
  • Morals
  • This keeps you from saying or doing the right
    things. Alcohol makes you less inhibited.

5
2. Emotional Function
  • Emotions are in charge
  • Laugh uncontrollably (cry, angry, act wild)
  • Intellect controls emotion but not the intellect
    is depressed.

6
3. Motor Function
  • Balance impaired
  • Judgment impaired
  • Alcohol has depressed the part of the brain that
    controls motor skills

7
4. Semi-voluntary Function
  • We can consciously control these functions but so
    can the body. Alcohol depresses the bodys
    ability to control them.
  • Swallow drooling
  • Blink red eyes

8
5. Involuntary Functions
  • These are functions that the body controls. Once
    alcohol has effected this level, the body is not
    capable of controlling these.
  • Digestion
  • Libido

9
6. Vital Functions
  • Death will occur if these functions are depressed
  • A period of unconsciousness or coma will occur as
    a bodys response.
  • Respiratory
  • Cardio

10
Short Term Effects
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Loss of judgment and self-control
  • Reduced reaction time
  • Poor vision
  • Memory loss
  • Blackout
  • Coma
  • Death

11
Long Term Effects
  • Brain shrunken brain, dead brain cells
  • Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach bleeding, cancer
  • Heart Irregular heart beat, enlargement ,
    anemia
  • Immune System diminished function
  • Liver Hepatitis, cirrhosis, cancer
  • Small Intestine decreased ability to absorb
    vitamins

12
Alcohol Terms
  • Blood Alcohol Content (BAC)-concentration of
    alcohol in a persons blood.
  • BAC of 0.08 a person is legally impaired
  • BAC of 0.02 under 21
  • Binge Drinking-drinking 5 or more drinks in one
    sitting
  • Alcohol Poisoning-8 or more in an hour causes
    areas of the brain that control breathing and
    heart rate to become dangerously depressed

13
Alcoholism
  • A disease that causes a person to lose control of
    their drinking behavior.
  • Physically and emotionally addicted to alcohol.
  • Suffer physical symptoms when they do not have
    alcohol.
  • Develops over time but no one knows exactly how
    long of time. Everyone is different.
  • Develops in stages.

14
Stages Leading to Alcoholism
  • Problem Drinking- drinker cannot drink alcohol in
    moderation or at appropriate times.
  • Tolerance- Drinker needs more alcohol to produce
    the same effect.
  • Dependence- Drinkers body needs alcohol to
    function normally.
  • Alcoholism- Drinker has lost control of his
    drinking behavior.

15
Risk Factors for Alcoholism
  • AGE-Teens that begin drinking early are more
    likely to develop alcoholism
  • SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT-Hanging out with friends that
    drink may influence a person to drink.
  • GENETICS-Alcoholism tends to run in families
  • RISK-TAKING PERSONALITY-People that are impulsive
    are at greater risk for alcoholism

16
Warning Signs of Alcoholism
  • Drinking to deal with anger, frustration,
    disappointment
  • Changing friends, personal habits, interests
  • Being defensive about drinking
  • Feeling depressed
  • Drinking more for the same high
  • Drinking alone
  • Drinking to get drunk
  • Experiencing memory lapses as a result of
    drinking alcohol

17
Alcoholism Affects the Family
  • Guilty feelings
  • Unpredictable behavior
  • Violence
  • Neglect and isolation
  • Protecting the alcoholic
  • Ignoring ones own needs

18
Alcoholism Affects Society
  • ACCIDENTS THAT KILL
  • MURDER
  • FAMILY VIOLENCE, ABUSE, RAPE
  • MORE SICKNESS (like tobacco)
  • TREATING ALCOHOL ABUSE

19
Alcoholism Treatment
  • Alcoholism is as disease that can be treated
  • Hardest part is overcoming withdrawal from
    alcohol extreme nervousness, headaches, chills,
    nausea, seizures, uncontrollable shakes.
  • Inpatient outpatient treatments
  • AA involves 12 step recovery
  • Al-Anon and Alateen- programs providing treatment
    and support to the families of alcoholics

20
Teens and Alcohol
  • No. 1 cause of death among teens is motor vehicle
    accidents most of which are alcohol related.
  • All driving skills are impaired by alcohol
  • Slows reaction time
  • Affects your vision
  • Makes you drowsy
  • Reduces your coordination
  • Affects your judgment

21
Teens and Alcohol
  • The law illegal to drink under age 21
  • Get home safe and sober
  • Dont drink
  • Plan ahead DD
  • Parents pick-up
  • Call a cab
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