Situation of Children with Intellectual Disability in Ethiopia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Situation of Children with Intellectual Disability in Ethiopia

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Title: Situation of Children with Intellectual Disability in Ethiopia


1
Situation of Children with Intellectual
Disability in Ethiopia
2
Presentation Layout
  • Understanding Children with Intellectual
    Disability
  • Prevalence and etiological issues
  • Developmental effects of intellectual disability
  • Educational situation of (CwIDs)
  • Early identification intervention practices

3
1. Understanding CwIDs
  • 1.2 CwIDsAAMR/Definition
  • Intellectual limitations
  • Limitation in adaptive skills
  • Manifests under age 18

4
1.2 AAMR/Definition
  • 1.Intellectual limitations
  • Mild IQ 50 to 70
  • Moderate IQ 35 to 49
  • Severe IQ 20 to 34
  • Profound IQ lt 20

5
1.2 AAMR/Definition
  • 2.Limitation in adaptive skills in two
  • or more of the following
  • Communication Self-care
  • Health safety
  • Functional academics
  • Leisure and work

6
1.2 AAMR/Definition
  • 3.Manifests before age 18
  • Manifested during childhood period

7
2. Educational understanding CwIDs
  • Learning characteristics
  • Educable
  • Trainable
  • Supportable
  • Life support/Self-care training

8
3. Causes of intellectual disability
  • 2.1 Organic/Physiological Factors
  • Hereditary (genetic) hormonal Metabolic
    disorders such as
  • Cretinism(Hypothyroidism)
  • Downs syndrome
  • Hydrocephaly
  • Microcephaly

9
3. Causes of intellectual disability
  • 2.2 Cultural-Familiar Factors
  • Environmental influences such as
  • Child Management
  • Malnutrition
  • Psychosocial deprivation
  • Labor complication at delivery
  • Accident(falling down)
  • Severe punishment etc

10
4. Onset of intellectual disability in
Ethiopia
First 6 years of life First 6 years of life First 6 years of life First 6 years of life
At birth At birth 4 months 2 years 4 months 2 years 3 6 years 3 6 years Unidentified Unidentified
23 27 12 58
11
5. Causes of ID in Ethiopia
12
6.Developmental profiles of CwIDs
  • 6.1 Cognitive and Language
  • Learning Characteristic
  • Limitations on attention span, pace of learning,
    memory, transfer of learning, comparing,
    imitation, speech and language development etc.

13
6. Developmental Profile of CwIDs
  • 6.2 Physical/Motor Characteristics
  • Body awareness in space
  • Basic physical abilities(flexibility, agility,
    balance endurance)
  • Sequential patterns of movement
  • Eye-hand coordination
  • Eye-foot coordination

14
. 6.Developmental profiles of CwIDs
  • 6.3. Social-emotional
  • Inter-individual variation
  • No particular emotional behavior
  • Poor judgment
  • Agressive
  • Inappropriate behavior

15
6.Developmental profiles of CwIDs
  • 6.4 Adaptive behaviors in schools
  • Lack of school coping behaviors related to
    attention to learning tasks,
  • Poor social language skills
  • Poor self-care skills in personal hygiene and
    dress, poor maintenance personal belongings, and
    poor mobility in and about the school.

16
7. Educational Situation of CwIDs
17
8. Early Intervention Programs
  • Focus on
  • Home-based support
  • School-based support

18
QUESTIONS TO PONDER
  • How do people in your community perceive persons
    with ID? (Anthropology)
  • How do you understand mental illness and
    intellectual disability ? What are their
    specific features? (Psychology)
  • Discuss the social and interpersonal relations of
    children with intellectual disability (ID).
    (Social work and international relations)

19
QUESTIONS TO PONDER
  1. Discuss the cognitive and academic
    characteristics of children with intellectual
    disability . (Education Pedagogy)
  2. Discuss about the adaptive behavior and language
    development of children with intellectual
    disability. (Language)

20
QUESTIONS TO PONDER
  • How does motor dysfunction affect the social and
    interpersonal relationship of children?
  • What do you understand by barrier free
    environment? Consider the school and home
    environment?

21
Thank You !!
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