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Students First Mentoring Project

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OUS Student Participation and Completion Meeting What Works? Unpacking Students First: an Intervention to Improve First Generation Student Retention and Academic Success – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Students First Mentoring Project


1
OUS Student Participation and Completion Meeting
What Works?Unpacking Students First an
Intervention to Improve First Generation Student
Retention and Academic Success
Dr. Peter Collier Portland State University
Sept 2008
2
Students First Mentoring Program (SFMP) is a four
year pilot intervention --- supported by the U.S.
Department of Educations FIPSE program
designed to improve first generation student
performance and persistence at PSU
3
the issue of persistence
  • students are most likely to drop out during their
    first year or during the gap between the first
    and second year
  • First generation students are more than twice as
    likely as traditional students to drop out
    during that period

4
Tintos Model of Persistence
5
Traditional Model of Ed achievement
Students Abilities
Students Performances
Understanding of Course Material
6
Two Path Model
Understanding of Professors Expectations
Students Abilities
Students Performances
Demonstrated Capacity
Cultural Capital
Actual Capacity
Academic Skills
Understanding of Course Material
Collier Morgan, 2007
7
Model of Student Problem-solving
  • Identify the problem / issue

8
Model of Student Problem-solving
  • Identify the problem / issue
  • 2. Develop range of possible solutions

9
Model of Student Problem-solving
  • Identify the problem / issue
  • 2. Develop range of possible solutions
  • 3. Selection of preferred solution

10
Model of Student Problem-solving
  • Identify the problem / issue
  • 2. Develop range of possible solutions
  • 3. Selection of preferred solution
  • 4. Acting on choice monitoring outcomes

11
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
12
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
slower to recognize issues
13
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
slower to recognize issues limited in
developing workable solutions
14
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
slower to recognize issues limited in
developing workable solutions not likely to
generate high-success solutions
15
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
slower to recognize issues limited in
developing workable solutions not likely to
generate high-success solutions not realistic
in evaluating solutions
16
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
slower to recognize issues limited in
developing workable solutions not likely to
generate high-success solutions not realistic
in evaluating solutions more likely to chose
1st plausible solution
17
New-to-college students are less likely to make
sound decisions because theyre
slower to recognize issues limited in
developing workable solutions not likely to
generate high-success solutions not realistic
in evaluating solutions more likely to chose
1st plausible solution less likely to turn
solution into action
18
Intervention The Students First Mentoring
Program (SFMP)
19
SFMP is a multi-layered mentoring program that
complements and builds upon regular advising, and
targets new-to-campus first-generation,
low-income students i.e. freshmen and students
transferring from community colleges who are not
accepted into federal TRIO programs
20
  • long term goal of SFMP
  • to establish a structured support
  • network for students to use
  • during their first year until they
  • are proficient enough to
  • develop personal sets of
  • college navigation strategies

21
  • Underlying SFMP is the idea that
  • first generation students will
  • make an easier adjustment to
  • college if they are given
  • opportunities to utilize the
  • expertise of already successful,
  • first-generation students

22
Expertise development mentoring involves mentors
sharing useful information about what to do in
order to succeed at college, insights into the
culture of higher education, and tips on how
to become more expert students.
23
Students First Points of Impact
Understanding of Professors Expectations
Students Abilities
Students Performances
A
B
Demonstrated Capacity
Cultural Capital
Actual Capacity
Academic Skills
Understanding of Course Material
24
First, SFMP explicitly identifies a range of
potential college adjustment issues that new
students are likely to encounter during their
first year on campus.
25
Second , SFMP provides participating students
with tools designed to connect them with the
wide range of available campus support
services.
26
Third, SFMP provides students with a variety of
scripts for how to use specific campus
resources appropriately as well as strategies
for key campus interactions
27
Program Elements
  • SFMP orientation
  • Mentee Orientation Cards
  • Resource Website
  • Peer-Mentoring Video Library
  • Weekly Contact, Support, and Encouragement to
    Keep on Track
  • Tools for Student Success
  • Student Group Discussion
  • WebCT Bulletin-Board / Discussion Forum
  • SFMP social activities

28
Results
29
SFMP positively impacts low-income, first
generation freshmen retention
30
SFMP positively impacts low-income, first
generation freshmen retention SFMP positively
impacts low-income, first generation freshmen
gpa.
31
SFMP positively impacts low-income, first
generation freshmen retention SFMP positively
impacts low-income, first generation freshmen
gpa. SFMP positively impacts the average number
of credits earned by first generation freshmen
32
SFMP positively impacts low-income, first
generation freshmen retention SFMP positively
impacts low-income, first generation freshmen
gpa. SFMP positively impacts the average number
of credits earned by first generation freshmen
Participating students are highly satisfied
with the mentoring services they receive
33
Can on-line mentoring promote college student
success?
34
Comparing Modes of Delivering Mentoring
Services
  • Students randomly assigned to one of two
    conditions
  • OLM on-line mentoring only
  • OLMP on-line plus in-person mentoring
  • Both SFMP groups GPA, credits earned, and
    retention rates were superior to those for all
    PSU freshmen

35
Implications
36
Expertise development mentoring promotes academic
success and persistence.
37
Expertise development mentoring promotes academic
success and persistence.
When 1st generation students can recognize
potential adjustment issues, identify appropriate
campus resources, and learn effective strategies
for college success, they do better in their
classes and are more likely to stay in school
38
On-line Mentoring Works.
39
On-line Mentoring Works.
Within the framework of this intervention, it
appears WHAT mentoring information is provided
and who provides it are more important than HOW
that information is delivered
40
What Next ? Partnering with PSU General Education
Program to make similar resources available to
all incoming students http//sfss.pdx.edu/
41
Dr. Peter Collier Professor of Sociology, Faculty-
in-Residence for Retention, University
Studies Principal Investigator Students First
Mentoring Program Portland State
University cfpc_at_pdx.edu 503-725-3961
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