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Global Information Management System

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Role of NSOs in climate info for health: producers and users perspective Rifat Hossain Lead Global Information Management System on Environment and Health – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global Information Management System


1
Role of NSOs in climate info for health
producers and users perspective
Rifat Hossain Lead Global Information Management
System on Environment and Health
2
Reflections
  • Concerns and challenges
  • What's measured and what's not
  • MDG and beyond
  • GEO/GEOSS and GFCS
  • Using CC info in health
  • Role of NSOs

2
3
Diarrhoea a leading cause of death
  • Nearly 800 million without potable water,
    billions without safe water
  • 2.5 without proper sanitation, 1.1 billion
    defecate in open
  • Worse under climate change scenarios, but how
    much?

4
What is measured and what not?
Improved sources (measured)
All water sources
Affordable
Good quality
Climate resilient
Sufficient quantity
Sustainable
Piped/household connection
5
MDG target Indicators
  • MDG 7 Target 7c
  • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without
    sustainable access to safe drinking water and
    basic sanitation
  • Indicator to monitor (proxy for access to safe
    drinking-water)
  • Proportion of the population that uses an
    improved drinking-water source (urban rural)?

Is MSG under threat due to climate changeby how
much? Post-2015 work www.wssinfo.org
6
WQ monitoringimpact of CC?
7
Going beyond MDG monitoring
8
Water-Health sector Climate knowledge gap
  • How much climate change affects MDG/access?
  • How much climate variability affects access?
  • How climate change/variability affect water
    quality/quantity?
  • Weak monitoring of water quality and related
    health outcomes
  • Can we handle/mitigate climate impacts?
  • What's the public health fallout of climate
    change?

Many initiatives are on, but fragmentation
and knowledge gap makes effective policy
formulation difficult
9
The Earth is a system of systems
10
GEO/GEOSS, GFCS
  • GEO Established 2005, Non-juridical,
    voluntary, flexible
  • 2002 WSSD, EO Summits, G8
  • 88 Members (governments and EC), 64
    Organizations
  • 2012 2015 Work Plan with 26 Tasks
  • Plenary, Committees, Secretariat, etc.
  • Sustaining GEOSS post-2015
  • GFCS Born out of 3rd World Climate Conference
  • UN system to coordinate climate services
  • User Interface Platform
  • Priority areas agriculture, health, water and
    disasters

11
Global risk assessment GEO meets GFCS
Launched at WMO special congress
http//www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html
12
Operationalizing environmental health Cholera
Early Warning
13
Combining Earth Observations data


INPUT LAYERS
COMBINED OUTPUT LAYERS
(a) Digital Elevation Model (DEM) Worldwide
coverage from NASAs ASTER mission with 30-meter
resolution.
(a)
Water accessibility (combination of layers a
and d) Access measured in amount of energy per
capita (calories) needed to collect water,
highlighting access limitations due to terrain.
Also shows populations living on marginal land
without water access.
(b) Water Resource Map Aquifer yield data from
multiple sources.
(b)
Water resources per person (combination of
layers b and d) Determines whether underlying
water resources (aquifer yield) can meet demand
of overlying population based on 50 liters per
person per day .
(c) Improved water source location Location
of wells continually updated with new water
projects via interactive Web 2.0 application.
(c)
(d)
Areas with improved water access (combination
of layers c and d) Displays 1-km LandScan
areas that have achieved water access per
guidelines, i.e. at least one access point per
1-sq.km
(d) LandScan Population Database
commercially available 1-kilometer population
database updated yearly (http//www.ornl.gov/sci/l
andscan/landscan_data_avail.shtml).
14
Role of NSOs in health etc.
  • Sources of data
  • Satellite, in-situ, other data role of NSOs?
  • Interoperability and dynamic linking?
  • Global Information Management System on
    Environment and Health (GIMS)
  • Use and sharing of data
  • Collaboration and buy-in by the governments
  • Role of NSOs in CC info for health
  • Population statistics but not sufficient
  • Overlaying for socio-economic impact do NSOs
    have data of right resolution?

15
THANK YOU
For further information Rifat HOSSAIN Email
hossainr_at_who.int
GFCS
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