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Notable Arkansas People

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Connected to the Civil War In Arkansas * The correct answer is Earl Van Dorn * Isaac Murphy is the answer * A is the correct answer; Thomas Hindman * David O. Dodd is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Notable Arkansas People


1
Notable Arkansas People
  • Connected to the Civil War
  • In Arkansas

2
The Civil War in Arkansas
  • The controversies over the rights of states and
    the issue of slavery erupted into the Civil War
    in 1861
  • Abraham Lincoln was elected president in late
    1860
  • He favored keeping the Union together at all
    costs
  • He was against slavery
  • Things were in a big mess!!!!!

3
What people were important or notable in Civil
War Arkansas?
  • The focus will be on seven men who impacted
    Arkansas history during the Civil War
  • Identify which ones were pro-Confederacy
  • Identify which ones were pro-Union
  • Why was each man important or notable when
    referring to the Civil War in Arkansas?

4
How did James Blunt affect Arkansas during the
Civil War?
  • James Blunt was born in Maine
  • His first job was as a sailor
  • He next became the captain of a ship
  • Later Blunt became a doctor
  • He moved to Kansas and was involved in the
    anti-slavery movement

5
James Blunt
  • Blunt was given the rank of general during the
    Civil War
  • -his troops were also composed of Cherokee,
    Creek and Seminole native Americans
  • He participated in the following battles in
    Arkansas Cane Hill, Prairie Grove, Devils
    Backbone, Boston Mountains and Van Buren.
  • -at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Blunts
    troops arrived just in time to save the day for
    his side

6
James Blunt
  • So, on which side was Blunt? Confederate or
    Union?
  • After the war James Blunt returned to Kansas,
    practiced medicine and became an attorney. He
    was a very busy man!
  • Did you know which side he was on? You cant say
    in the middle!!!!

7
David O. Dodd
  • David Owen Dodd was born in Texas but later moved
    to Arkansas with his family
  • He has been called the boy martyrof the
    Confederacy because he was executed as a spy when
    he was seventeen.
  • A martyr is someone who dies for their beliefs

8
David O. Dodd
  • David was arrested as a Confederate spy when he
    was discovered carrying military information
    about Union troops (it was written in Morse
    Code!)
  • He was tried and found guilty of spying for the
    Confederacy
  • Dodd was hung at Little Rock, January, 1864
  • He is buried in Mt. Holly Cemetery located in
    Little Rock

9
This elementary school was named for David O. Dodd
10
Harris Flanagin
  • Harris Flanagin was elected the 7th governor of
    Arkansas amid the Civil War
  • After Little Rock was taken by Union troops he
    moved the Confederate Arkansas capital to the
    town of Washington in Hempstead County
  • He is the only governor to govern in exile! (or
    was it the X file???)

11
Flanagin
  • Before the Civil War, Flanagin was a teacher and
    then an attorney
  • He was elected to the Arkansas Secession
    Convention in 1861
  • He called himself a reluctant secessionist
  • Flanagin participated in the following battles in
    Arkansas Wilsons Creek and Pea Ridge
  • On what side was Flanagin? Confederate or Union?
    (how can you tell????)

12
Thomas Hindman
  • Lawyer, soldier and U.S. Congressman-- Thomas
    Hindman was all three things before the Civil War
  • Hindman supported slavery and states rights

13
Thomas Hindman
  • He became the military commander of the area west
    of the Mississippi River
  • At the Battle of Prairie Grove, Hindman was the
    leader of Confederate troops

14
Thomas Hindman
  • The Battle of Prairie Grove was officially a draw
    or tie between the Confederates and the Union
    troops but the Union troops took control of the
    area as a result
  • General Hindman was killed in Helena in 1868 by
    an unknown assailant. The murder was never
    solved (talk about a COLD case!)

15
Isaac Murphy
  • Isaac Murphy was the Eighth governor of Arkansas
  • He was elected during the Civil War after the
    Union troops took over the capital city of Little
    Rock
  • He had been a teacher and a lawyer

16
Isaac Murphy
  • Why was Murphy elected governor at this time?
  • He was against slavery
  • He was the only delegate to the Arkansas
    Convention that voted against secession! (now
    that takes some nerve!
  • He had political experience

17
Murphy
  • As governor, Murphy was generous in his treatment
    of former Confederates
  • He was a great advocate or supporter of education
    while governor (dont you appreciate him??!!!)

18
Albert Pike
  • Albert Pike may have had a lot of hair, but he
    also had a large brain!
  • Pike was a teacher, poet, writer, newspaper
    editor, politician, lawyer, soldier, soldier,
    Indian Commissioner and a Mason! (that was a
    mouthful!)

19
Albert Pike
  • Since he had experience working with the Native
    Americans and knew many of their dialects, Pike
    was appointed Confederate general in the Indian
    Territory
  • Albert Pike was pro-slavery and states rights
  • Pike led the Native Americans he recruited at the
    Battle of Pea Ridge. Controversy surrounded some
    methods used by his troops.
  • He resigned his commission and became a private
    citizen for the remainder of the war

20
Pike
  • Pike became very important in the Freemasons
  • He is the only Confederate general with a statue
    in Washington, D.C.
  • It was erected in his honor by the Freemasons

21
Earl Van Dorn
22
Earl Van Dorn
  • An Indian fighter and Mexican war veteran is the
    description of professional soldier, Earl Van
    Dorn!
  • When the Civil War began, he joined the
    Confederate army
  • He was given the rank of general

23
Van Dorn
  • Van Dorn was in charge of the Confederate troops
    at the Battle of Pea Ridge
  • Confederates lost this battle
  • After the battle he was transferred to
    Mississippi. He took the majority of his troops
    with him. This left the state of Arkansas
    virtually defenseless! (Arkansans were NOT happy)

24
Van Dorn
  • Van Dorn was killed
  • By a jealous husband
  • In May, 1863

????
25
Review! Match the description with the picture!
  • I was governor of Arkansas during the Civil War.
    In fact I am the only Arkansas governor that led
    the state in exile!

Albert Pike
Harris Flanagin
26
Review- Match the person with the description
  • A professional soldier, I led Confederate troops
    at the Battle of Pea Ridge. My side lost!

Albert Pike
Earl Van Dorn
27
Review
  • I was governor of Arkansas during the Civil War.
    I did not believe in slavery and I voted against
    secession from the United States

Isaac Murphy
B
Harris Flanagin
28
Review
  • I was a supporter of slavery and states rights.
  • Before the Civil War I served in the U.S.
    Congress
  • I led the Confederate troops at the Battle
  • of Prairie Grove

Thomas Hindman
James Blunt
29
Review
  • I was 17 when I was executed for being a
    Confederate spy. My burial location is Mt. Holly
    Cemetery in Little Rock

Albert Pike
David O. Dodd
30
Review
  • I was a ships captain, a doctor, lawyer and very
    much against slavery. My troops won battles in
    Arkansas. We were heroes at the Battle of
    Prairie Grove!

Isaac Murphy
James Blunt
31
And one more to review!
  • I recruited and led Native American troops for
    the Confederacy
  • My troops fought at the Battle of Prairie Grove
  • There is a statue of me Washington, D.C.

Albert Pike
Thomas Hindman
32
And more!
  • This ends the Civil War figures associated with
    the Arkansas frameworks.
  • Continue to see two other notable people of the
    Civil War in Arkansas!

33
Stand Watie (1806-1871)
  • A controversial leader of the Cherokee Nation,
    Watie was commissioned as a colonel in the
    Confederate army in 1861.
  • Watie was responsible for signing the
    document that led to the Trail of Tears for his
    people.

34
Stand Watie
  • Watie took part in the Battle of Pea Ridge with
    Major General Earl Van Dorn. In fact, his troops
    allowed the Confederates to withdraw after
    loosing the battle!
  • An interesting note is that Stand Watie was the
    only Native American to rise to the rank of
    brigadier general in the Civil War. He was also
    the last Confederate general in the field to
    surrender.

35
Susan Cook (1842-1912)
  • Susan Cook was the daughter of a plantation owner
    in Phillips County, Arkansas. She was nineteen
    when the war began.
  • Susan kept a dairy during the Civil War. It
    tells us what she and people of Arkansas and the
    Confederacy were thinking during the Civil War.

No image is available of Susan Cook
36
Why is her diary important?
  • Her diary is a primary source
  • Primary sources or documents give firsthand
    information or one could say from the horses
    mouth!
  • At first Miss Cook was optimistic about the
    Confederacy winning the war but as the war
    progressed she saw that the Confederacy could not
    win.

37
Thats it!
  • These were notable people of the Civil War in
    Arkansas!!!
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