Cardiovascular System Test Study Guide - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cardiovascular System Test Study Guide

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Cardiovascular System Test Study Guide 1. What is atherosclerosis? When the artery walls thicken and harden due to fat build up Atherosclerosis 2. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cardiovascular System Test Study Guide


1
Cardiovascular System Test Study Guide
2
1. What is atherosclerosis?
  • When the artery walls thicken and harden
  • due to fat build up

3
2. What is the function of the atria?
  • An atrium receives blood into
  • The heart.

4
3. What determines a persons blood type?
  • The type of protein on the red blood cell.

5
4. Name two things blood carries to the body
cells?
  • Food
  • Oxygen
  • Chemical Messages.

6
5. What type of blood can a person with O receive?
  • You cant receive anything but O

7
6. Name four ways to avoid cardiovascular
disease.
  • Proper diet
  • Exercise
  • Dont smoke
  • Dont drink
  • Keep weight down

8
7. What is hypertension?
  • High blood pressure.

9
8. What does the lymphatic system do?
  • The lymphatic system returns leaked fluid to the
    circulatory system and filters it.

10
9. What two gasses do red blood cells carry on
them?
  • Carry oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the
    body.

11
10. If your plasma only contains anti-A, what
blood type are you?
  • Type B blood.

12
11. What is the main function of platelets?
Platelets help to form blood clots to stop
bleeding.
13
12. Name two functions of capillaries.
Connect arteries to veins. Exchange O2, CO2
and food to cells.
14
13. What do valves do?
  • They stop the blood from flowing backwards.

15
14. What is the purpose of white blood cells?
  • To fight disease.

16
15. What controls your pulse rate?
  • Pacemaker cells in the heart.

17
16. Define arteries and veins.
  • Arteries- Carry blood away from the heart
  • Veins- Carry blood to the heart.

18
17. What is plasma and what percent of it is
water?
  • Plasma is the liquid part of the blood and 90
    water.

19
18. What is the aorta and where is it ?
  • Largest artery. It comes out of the heart from
    the left ventricle.

20
19. What is blood transfusion and why are correct
blood types important when getting one?
  • Transfer of one persons blood to another. The
    blood will clot if you get the wrong type.

21
20. What is hemoglobin?
  • The protein on the red blood cell.

22
21. What is the pacemaker?
  • The heart cells that control the heartbeat.

23
22. Identify a picture of a red blood cell, white
blood cell, and platelet.
24
Blood
  • Blood consists of liquid plasma and three kinds
    of cellsred blood cells, white blood cells, and
    platelets.

25
23. Draw a diagram of the heart from memory,
labeling the four chambers, septum, and valves.
Show the direction of blood flow to and from the
lungs and body. Also, show which sections are
oxygen-rich and which are oxygen-poor.
26
To Lungs
To Lungs
From Lungs
From Lungs
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