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Quality of Democracy. Democracy Barometer for Established Democracies

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Quality of Democracy. Democracy Barometer for Established Democracies Marc B hlmann, Wolfgang Merkel, Bernhard We els NCCR Democracy: Project 14 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Quality of Democracy. Democracy Barometer for Established Democracies


1
Quality of Democracy.Democracy Barometer for
Established Democracies
  • Marc Bühlmann, Wolfgang Merkel, Bernhard Weßels
  • NCCR Democracy Project 14
  • Bratislava 7/3/2008

2
Structure of the Project 7-step Analysis
  • 1st step Fundamental principles of democracy
  • 2nd step Root Concept of Democracy
  • 3rd step From partial regimes to functions
  • 4th step From functions to components
  • 5th step From components to indicators
  • 6th step Measuring the quality of democracy
  • 7th step Research beyond measurement

3
1st Step The Principles of Democracy
  • Equality (political)
  • Freedom (individual)
  • Control (institutional)

4
2nd Step Root Concept The concept of embedded
democracy
5
Internal Embeddedness
  • Mutual embeddedness
  • Normative and functional interdependence
  • Normative and functional independence

6
3rd Step From Partial Regimes to Functions
7
4th Step From Partial Regimes and its Functions
to Components
  • 1. Electoral regime representation,
    accountability
  • Universal active suffrage
  • Universal passive suffrage
  • Free and fair elections
  • 2. Political-rights regime participation,
    responsiveness
  • Freedom of opinion
  • Freedom to associate and to form coalitions
  • Equal political rights to participate

8
4th Step (contd)
  • 3. Civil-rights regime freedom
  • Individual rights
  • Equality before the law
  • Equal access to courts
  • 4. Horizontal-accountability regime constraint
    of executive autonomy
  • Checks and balances
  • Independence of the judiciary
  • Rule of law (binding rules for the executive)
  • 5. Effective power to govern government autonomy
  • National territorial dimension
  • National functional dimension
  • Global dimension

9
5th Step From Components to Indicators
10
6th Step Measurement first option
structural Evaluation cobwebs fictional
examples for three cases
Performance of partial regimes
11
2. Option functional model The Dimensions of
Democracy Fictional Example
12
Political Participation in Slovak Republic
13
The Status and Development of Political
Participation
  • Equality of electoral participation and the
    equality of qualified participation are very high
  • Effective use of participation (electoral and
    non-institutionalized) is poor
  • Lack of access to information has increased (but
    still below OECD-average)
  • Number and scopes of elections have increased
  • ? Access to information and participation
    instruments have to be strengthened

14
Political Participation in Slovak Republic(30
OECD Countries)
Year Rank Value OECD Average
1990 13 32.3 31.3
1995 8 33.9 30.8
2000 6 38.0 32.5
2007 3 42.6 32.9
Source Democracy Barometer, preliminary results.
15
Slovak Republic and Germany compared (1995 / 2005)
16
Slovak Republic and Germany compared (1995)
17
Slovak Republic and Germany compared (2005)
18
Representation in Slovak Republic
19
The Status and Development of Representation
  • No constraints for active suffrage
  • Constraints for passive suffrage
  • Not very equal weight of votes (but increasing
    equality)
  • Unequal chances for representation (especially
    considering gender)
  • ? Chances for representation should be made more
    equal

20
Representation in Slovak Republic(21 OECD
Countries)
Year Rank Value OECD Average
1993 17 40.3 54.7
1998 19 40.5 58.3
2003 12 60.7 65.2
Source Democracy Barometer, preliminary results.
21
Overall Performance Cross-regime /
Cross-function Means
22
7th Step Research Perspectives Beyond Measurement
  • Overarching question
  • What is the (causal) link between institutional
    designs and quality of democracy?
  • Which institutional design shows the highest
    quality of democracy?
  • Is the quality of democracy a function of the
    institutional design?
  • Which specific interdependencies in the quality
    of democracy can be observed between the partial
    regimes?
  • Changes of the democratic quality over time
    (retrospectively) different developments? Which
    components/functions particularly improved/
    worsened?
  • Can the changes of democratic quality be
    explained by changes of the institutional
    designs?
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