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Who says political geography is not important?

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Who says political geography is not important? Political Geography Nations, States and Stateless Nations Peace of Westphalia What is a Nation? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Who says political geography is not important?


1
Who says political geography is not important?
2
Political Geography
  • Nations, States and Stateless Nations
  • Peace of Westphalia
  • What is a Nation? What is a state
  • Stateless Nations
  • 4 Pillars of a state
  • Are there any real Nation-States?
  • What about states like Arkansas?

3
Most modern-day boundaries were drawn by whom?

4
Territory
  • States cannot exist without territory
  • Territorial Morphology geographers study the
    size, shape and relative location of states?
  • How does the size and shape of a state give
    advantages or disadvantages?
  • 5 types of territorial morphologies

5
COMPACT What are the advantages disadvantages?
6
FRAGMENTED What are the advantages
disadvantages?

7
ELONGATED What are the advantages disadvantages?
8
PRORUPT or PROTRUDED What are the advantages
disadvantages?

9
PERFORATED What are the advantages
disadvantages?
10
What territorial morphology is ITALY?
11
Exclaves Enclaves
  • Exclave bounded (non-island) piece of territory
    that is part of a state but lies separated from
    it by territory of another state.
  • Enclave piece of territory that is surrounded
    by another political unit of which it is not a
    part (landlocked within the country which
    surrounds them.
  • See page 211 in your text
  • To understand, it is all about perspective

12
Google Azerbaijan and Armenia maps and look
what you get
13
Talk about a strangely shaped states
14
Shape is not a constant for political/economic
stability or instability

15
Resource richbut with many problems

16
Very few natural resourcesbut wealthy and stable
17
LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES
  • Isolation
  • At the mercy of neighbors
  • Need communication linkages (highways, airports,
    rivers, etc.)
  • Have formed alliances with other countries to
    lessen isolation
  • Only Liechtenstein Uzbekistan are landlocked
    surrounded by landlocked countries

                                                
                                                  
                    
18
BOUNDARIES
  • Obviously mark the land surface
  • Turn to page 243-245 in your text
  • But, they also extend into airspace and the
    ground
  • What about natural resources?
  • What about air traffic?
  • What about sea traffic?

19
Setting Boundaries Stage One
  • DEFINITION exact location established through
    legal agreement, treaty, etc. Can describe
    terrain feature or be measured by longitude and
    latitude.

20
Setting Boundaries Stage Two
  • DELIMITATION putting the boundary on a map
    officially.

21
Setting Boundaries Stage Three
  • DEMARCATION The final stage. Marking a
    boundary with fences, walls, posts, pillars, or
    other markers. Most of the worlds boundaries
    are not demarcated.

22
Four Types of Boundary Disputes
  • Definitional center on legal issues
  • Locational definitions not disputed the
    interpretation is
  • Operational parties differ on how boundary
    should function (how migration should occur)
  • Allocational conflict over stuff oil, gas,
    seafloor riches, water

23
Former Yugoslavia - pg.237 (is the closest
thing) http//www.montenet.org/home/yugoslav.jpg

24
FEDERAL STATES
  • Political framework where the central government
    represents its political subunits where they have
    common interests defense, foreign affairs, etc.
    but these subunits retain their own identities,
    laws, policies, customs, etc.
  • Accommodates regional differences and enables
    diversity and unity to coexist

25
FEDERAL STATES
  • Geographer K.W. Robinson said, The federal state
    is the most expressive of all political systems.
  • What did he mean by this?

26
UNITARY STATES
  • State which has a centralized government that
    exercises power equally over all parts of the
    state.
  • Highly centralized
  • Appeasing minorities maybe not important
  • Government frameworks are set up to reinforce the
    central governments power

27
Unitary States of the World in blue Federal
States in gray http//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/I
mageUnitary_states.png
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