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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GREEN INDUSTRY IN ASIA MANILA, PHILIPPINES 9TH -11TH SEPTEMBER 2009

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GREEN INDUSTRY IN ASIA MANILA, PHILIPPINES 9TH -11TH SEPTEMBER 2009 Presented by: Anthony Wong Kim Hooi President, UN Global Compact ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GREEN INDUSTRY IN ASIA MANILA, PHILIPPINES 9TH -11TH SEPTEMBER 2009


1
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GREEN INDUSTRY IN
ASIAMANILA, PHILIPPINES 9TH -11TH SEPTEMBER
2009
  • Presented by
  • Anthony Wong Kim Hooi
  • President, UN Global Compact Network Malaysia
  • ICCA 1st Vice-President
  • Group Managing Director, AOS Conventions Events
    Asian Overland Services Tours Travel
  • Adjunct Professor, University Utara Malaysia
  • Secretary Treasurer, PATA

2
  • Competitiveness Through Sustainability In The
    Tourism Industry

3
Challenges In Sustainable Tourism
  • Industry Initiatives for Sustainable Tourism
  • Tourism activities can degrade the social and
    natural wealth of a community
  • This is a particularly a problem where tourism
    business is centered in traditional social system
    such, as isolated communities or indigenous
    people.
  • Tourism in natural areas eco-tourism, can be a
    major source of degradation of local ecological,
    economic and social systems.

4
  • Influencing Consumer Behavior to Promote
    Sustainable Tourism
  • Promoting Broad-based sustainable development
    through Tourism while safeguarding the Integrity
    of Local cultures and protection the environment
  • The key problem is the creation of tangible,
    working local partnerships.

5
  • Coastal Impacts of Tourism
  • In many coastal areas, tourism development
    destroying or marginalizing dwindling habitats
    for marine animals and spawning fish, as well as
    the livelihoods of traditional fishing families
    and villages
  • Unregulated water sport activities
  • Lack of effective waste water treatment for
    tourist facilities such as hotels or chalet
  • Excessive private tourist development

6
Is Sustainable Achievable?
  • Tourism will never be completely sustainable as
    every industry has impacts, but it can work
    towards becoming more sustainable.
  • ISSUE
  • As more regions and countries develop their
    tourism industry, it produces significant impacts
    on natural resources, consumption patterns,
    pollution and social systems.
  • The need for sustainable/responsible planning and
    management is imperative for the industry to
    survive as a whole.

7
Environmental Friendly Policies and Ethics
8
Environmental Friendly Policies and Ethics
9
Environmental Friendly Policies and Ethics (cont.)
10
Green Hotel Concept
  • Case Study
  • Sustainable Tourism

Warm Hospitality, Green
11
Trend to Go Green
  • Environment-friendly hotel operation
  • - future trend
  • - increasing governmental regulation
  • - greater proportion of green demanding guests
  • - ensure sustainable profit Good business in
    the
  • long term. and cents!

12
Challenge of Going Green
  • Ignorance and indifference.
  • Lack of information and awareness on
    environmental issue.
  • Lack of motivation.
  • Not much incentive from government to assist in
    going green.
  • Most environmental-friendly products are
    imported, thus high cost and more effort needed
    in sourcing.
  • Many new green technology not yet introduced in
    Malaysia, thus one need to be innovative and
    creative.
  • Effort not well appreciated by certain guests.
  • Achieve international recognition.
  • Hotel is not designed right from the beginning.
  • Architect engineers not knowledgeable in
    green/eco planning and design.

13
Solutions
  • Raising awareness among management, staffs, local
    community and guests.
  • Educating training staffs on environmental
    practice.
  • Involve everyone in greening efforts.
  • Information sharing.
  • Having rewarding system for going green.
  • Think out of the box. Be creative and innovative.
  • Do things effectively and efficiently.
  • Redesign hotel involves reconstruction and .
  • Discarding old plans and use new technology.
  • Educating all levels of people, i.e. schools,
    government, food industry, hotel industry, travel
    industry, villagers and community leaders, to be
    PARTNERS in making Langkawi Green.

14
Waste Management Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Rethink
  • Reduce Minimising the amount of the Earth's
    resources that we use.
  • Reuse - Don't just bin it, could someone else
    make use of it?
  • Recycle - Can the materials be made into
    something new?
  • Rethink paradigm shift

Turning rubbish into gold
15
Reduce
  • Reduce plastic bottles
  • Provide water using jug and glass instead of
    giving bottled drinking water.

Use smaller meeting room We are now using
the Meeting Room which is less spacious compared
to Desa Ballroom used previously for our daily
briefing and small meetings. This is one of our
effort in saving energy.
16
Reuse
Old but usable furniture are reused at staff
quarters.
Old roof tiles which are still in good condition
are reused for new building.
Old pipes from construction area are reused for
channeling rain water to our wetland.
Ice cream container is reused to store food item.
17
Recycle
Recycle wood and trunk as signage and landmark
Recycle plywood as DND and Please Clean My
Room signs
Recycle plywood to make mail box and guest
comment box
Recycle broken or leftover slates to make
decorative walkway
Recycle Assam tree trunk as key chain
18
Do Things Differently
19
Rearing guppy fish at ponds to control mosquitoes
Biological control using coconut trunk as termite
trap
Reuse used cooking oil for candle lighting
Leftover soaps from guest rooms are recycled to
be used as cleaning detergent for toilets.
Homemade organic mosquito repellant using
lemongrass juice.
Using precast concrete railing baluster instead
of wood
20
Design of building
  • Buildings design is important in Sustainable
    construction.
  • Roof, balcony floor and all railing are with
    slope for better flow of water to prevent water
    from ponding on roof, floor or drainage.

A drainage with slope is constructed as rain
gutter, instead of using rain gutter which
requires more maintenance.
21
No lighting is required during the day as there
is flow of natural light into the toilet.
Grass grown on roof to cool rooms and this
reduces the use or speed of air-conditioning.
22
Recycling Waste Sorting
We practise waste sorting in our resort. We sort
rubbish according to category of paper, plastics,
aluminium can, glass and metal. In kitchen
cafeteria, we also sort kitchen waste from
rubbish. As glass has no value in Langkawi
Island, we recycle it into decorative item.
23
Recyclables in year 2007
Category Weight (kg)
Paper 5189.0
PET plastic 746.6
HD plastic 183.5
Mix plastic 70.0
Aluminium tin 377.0
Grade A Iron 1348.0
Grade B Iron 360.0
Steel 8.0
Battery 148.0
Total 8430.1
Revenue of RM 3792.50 earned from recycling
8430.1 kg of trash.
24
Recyclables in year 2008
Category Weight (kg)
Paper 5309.4
PET plastic 1412.2
HD plastic 55.0
Mix plastic 0.0
Aluminium tin 429.9
Grade A Iron 112.0
Grade B Iron 552.8
Steel 0.0
Plastic Juice container 1071.0
Total 8942.3
Revenue of RM 4015.63 earned from recycling
8942.3 kg of trash.
25
Composting
Kitchen waste garden waste are used in
composting.
Compost site
Old bathtub is used as composting container. Old
wooden flooring is recycled as container lid.
26
The Process of Composting
  • Compost biodegraded organic waste that turns
    into organic fertilizer
  • 4 main components of composting
  • I) Organic matter
  • - Brown materials (i.e. dead leaves, twigs)
    supply carbon
  • - Green materials (i.e. fruit rinds,
    peels) supply nitrogen
  • II) Moisture
  • III) Oxygen
  • IV) Bacteria
  • Turning - done weekly
  • - supply oxygen to the compost
    pile (for decomposing activity)
  • - maintain moisture
    (microorganisms thrive in moist condition)
  • - control odour.
  • Compost will be ready in about 3-5 months.
  • Fertiliser costs RM 2/kg. As there is no
    expenses in composting, we are able to save RM 2
    for every 1 kilogramme of compost prepared.

27
Reusing food waste for composting as poultry
feeds
  • In 2008, 14,600 kg of food waste was collected
    from restaurant kitchen for composting.
  • Average of 40 kg/day
  • 3,650 kg of food waste was collected from staff
    cafeteria and was reused to feed the free-ranging
    ducks chicken that we rear.
  • Average of 10 kg/day
  • In 2009, we started collecting leftover bread
    from our breakfast buffet for feeding fish at our
    pond.
  • Average of 2 kg/day

28
Nursery
We have a nursery in our resort where gardeners
will propagate plants we need. We propagate
approximately 200 plants each month. Each of
these plant costs RM 5 if being purchased.
Therefore, we manage to save RM 1,000 each month.
Approximately 100 kg of kitchen waste is used in
composting each month. We are able to produce 20
kg of compost each month for our vegetable garden
and plant propagation.
29
Water Conservation
  • Objective
  • - To achieve sustainability in water supply.
  • - To reduce dependency on government-supplied
    treated water.
  • Save water, save the planet
  • - Make every drop counts

30
Ways to Conserve Water
Water tanks for harvesting rain water.
Sprinkle watering system for irrigation to save
water usage.
Watering at suitable time early morning and
late evening to prevent water wastage from
evaporation.
Underground water from well for watering the
organic garden as treated water is not required
for this purpose.
31
Water storage at Fish Pond
We use rain water at our fish pond. The pond
also assist in harvesting rain water. Excessive
rain water from the road and pond will flow into
storage compartment in front of the pond. It can
store 2830 gallons of water.
We are able to water plants near the pond using
rain water from the pond.
32
Coconut trunk and recycled wood are used to build
the supporting base.
Rain water is harvested for irrigation purpose.
We had installed 22 water tanks by 2007,
amounting 12,730 gallons (48,188 Liters or 48.188
cubic meters) of recycled water stored. As
Government-supplied water is being charged at
RM1.20 per cubic water, we are able to save
RM57.83 for every 12,730 gallons of rain water
harvested in 2007. We have successfully cut down
our water bill by 50.
33
Installation of new water tanks
  • Another 20 units of 880 gallons water tanks were
    installed in 2008. This accounts for 17,600
    gallons of rain water collection.
  • Rain water from these tanks are channeled to taps
    located around the resort area.
  • Now, we have 30,330 gallons (114,811 Liters or
    114.811 cubic meters) of recycled water storage.
  • We are able to save RM137.77 for every 30,330
    gallons of rain water harvested.
  • We are in the process of setting up 20 more 880
    gallons water tanks to harvest rain water.

34
Utilising Underground Water
  • High water table, able to get underground water.
  • Have 3 wells at organic farm.
  • Making use of underground water from well for
    watering fruit trees and vegetables at our
    organic farm.

35
Rain water for flushing toilet
  • Rain water is harvested from roof of our
    Restaurant and is channeled to water tank located
    at public toilet for its toilet flushing.

36
Saving from Water Conservation Measures
Year Average of monthly water charges (RM) Average of monthly total occupied rooms Average of water cost per occupied room (RM) Average Monthly Saving compared to year 2006 (RM)
2006 7,690.43 1878 4.10 /
2007 4,866.20 1717 2.83 (4.10-2.83)1717 2,180.59
2008 3,617.40 2091 1.73 (4.10-1.73)2091 4,955.67
37
Conclusion
  • From our average cost per occupied room of RM
    4.10 in year 2006 to RM 1.73 in year 2008, we
    have successfully reduced our water usage by
    57.8 in year 2008.
  • With our on-going initiatives and advancement, we
    hope to reduce our government-supplied water
    usage by another 20 .
  • 19 units of new 880 gallons water tanks were
    installed in 2008. This accounts for 16,720
    gallons of rain water collection.
  • Future plan
  • - To construct a filtration system with UV light
    to treat the rain
  • water.
  • - To channel the filtered rain water to our main
    water tank.
  • - To reduce dependant on government supplied
    water.

38
Waste Water Garden
  • Wetland sewage system
  • sewage water septic tank wetland
    Aquatic plants such as water hyacinth and water
    spinach will further treat the grey water by
    absorbing phosphate, ammonia and urea from the
    grey water.
  • Wetland Waste water garden
  • Grey water from wetland is being channeled to
    the ground of waste water garden (underground
    drip system), allowing us to grow fruits and
    vegetables and reducing the need of treated water
    for irrigation.
  • We have set aside a natural wetland at our resort
    and created a garden setting.
  • Our wetland serves for two purposes
  • Attracting wildlife such as cattle egret, water
    hen and water monitor lizard. Other animals found
    in wetland are tortoise, terrapin and giant
    catfish.
  • Wetland sewage system After sewage water is
    being treated at septic tanks, the gray water is
    being channeled to the wetland where the aquatic
    plants such as water hyacinth and water spinach
    will further treating the gray water by absorbing
    phosphate, ammonia and urea from the gray water.

39
  • Wetland Water Analysis Result

40
Parameter Unit Standards Standards Samples Samples Samples Samples Standards Standards
Parameter Unit A B 1 3 11 10 Inlet End Point
Temperature C 40 40 30.2 29.8 27.8 29 A A
pH Value - 6.0-9.0 5.5-9.0 6.8 6.55 6.95 6.77 A A
BOD5 at 20C mg/l 20 50 45 20 9 13 B A
COD mg/l 50 100 175 78 39 51 Over B
Suspended Solids mg/l 50 100 135 20 35 20 Over A
Mercury mg/l 0.005 0.05 0.043 0.017 0.021 0.013 B B
Cadmium mg/l 0.01 0.02 0.001 ND ND ND A A
Chromium, Hexavalent mg/l 0.05 0.05 0.056 0.058 0.051 0.052 Over Over
Arsenic mg/l 0.05 0.1 0.017 0.014 0.01 0.011 A A
Cyanide mg/l 0.05 0.1 ND ND ND ND A A
Lead mg/l 0.1 0.5 0.001 0.003 0.002 0.001 A A
Chromium, Trivalent mg/l 0.2 1 0.056 0.058 0.051 0.052 A A
Copper mg/l 0.2 1 0.012 0.013 0.005 0.005 A A
Manganese mg/l 0.2 1 0.004 0.007 0.006 0.005 A A
Nickel mg/l 0.2 1 ND ND ND ND A A
Tin mg/l 0.2 1 0.018 0.021 0.018 0.016 A A
Zinc mg/l 1 1 0.057 0.058 0.057 0.048 A A
Boron mg/l 1 4 0.008 0.007 0.004 0.005 A A
Iron (Fe) mg/l 1 5 1.833 1.779 2.263 1.652 B B
Phenol mg/l 0.001 1 ND ND ND ND A A
Free Chlorine mg/l 1 2 0.1 0.034 0.014 0.021 A A
Sulphide mg/l 0.5 0.5 0.12 0.018 0.05 0.016 A A
Oil and Grease mg/l ND 10 3 2.1 0.8 1.25 B B
41
Sand Filter System with UV Light
  • Current project Sand Filter System with UV light
    to enhance current sewage system.
  • Sewage water septic tanks sand filter
    system wetland
  • 1. Netting - filter solid waste
  • 2. Layers of sand, stone and charcoal -
    filter particles
  • 3. UV light - kill the bacteria
  • Grey water channeled to wetland will be cleaner
    for wildlife living there.

UV Light
Netting
sand
stone
charcoal
Exterior structure
42
Energy Conservation
All electrical appliance in room including fridge
are switched off when room is vacant.
Solar panel for water heating. Boiler no longer
being used.
Switch off unnecessary electrical appliance in
office and resort compound.
We have a policy on energy conservation. We train
and educate our staffs on methods to save energy.
For example, security staffs assist in switching
off compound lighting at dawn and housekeeping
staffs assist in switching off unnecessary switch
and electrical appliance after room cleaning.
Using energy-saving bulbs.
43
Saving from Energy-saving Compliance
  • Previously 4 boilers for supplying hot shower
    for rooms.
  • Now solar panel for water heating.
  • Each boiler has 3 elements (3 kWh per element).
  • 4 boiler x 3 elements 12 elements
  • 12 elements x 3kWh 36 kWh (36,000 Wh)
  • Save RM 14.69/ hour of usage.

44
Saving from Energy-saving Compliance (cont.)
  • 338 nos 8-watt energy-saving bulbs replacing
    40-watt bulbs (for lightings at rooms, public
    toilets, restaurant staff quarters).
  • 30 nos 11-watt bulbs replacing 40 or 80-watt
    bulbs (for garden/compound lighting).
  • Saving 12,286 watt 12.286 kWh
  • Assuming usage per day is 8 hrs, (charges/unit
    RM 0.408)
  • able to save RM 40.08/day RM 1,202.40/month
  • In the process of changing use of conventional
    bulbs to energy-saving bulbs. Will be able to
    save more once completed.

45
Greeneries
  • Trees
  • - We have 283 big trees at our resort. These
    trees provide shade, help to cool the room and
    reduce use of air-conditioning.
  • Green cover
  • - help preventing soil erosion
  • - help reducing heat generated from sunlight
    reflection at beach area.

Morning glory
46
Repair Reuse of Bathroom Door
As the bathroom door is exposed to humidity and
wetness, the bottom part will easily crack or the
surface area will peel off. We do not change and
replace them with a new door. Instead, we repair,
refurbish and reuse them.
Decision Cost/unit (RM)
Change to new door 380.00
Repair broken part 90.00
Difference in cost 290.00 (76 saving)
47
Green Champion Award 2008
Departmental Organic Garden
Creation of handicraft made of recycled items
Presentation
Vegetable farm
Organic Garden
  • Green Champion Award (GCA) is an environmental
    competition to acknowledge the department with
    the most effort in green practice.
  • Competition period (1) May 16th Nov 15th
    (2) Nov 16th May 15th
  • Work with District Agriculture Office MARDI,
    invite their officer as judges.
  • GCA 2008 evaluation focuses on good
    environmental practice in offsetting carbon
    footprint, in conjunction with World Environment
    Day 2008.

48
  • Vegetable Farm
  • - Equal size of land allocated to each department
    to grow vegetables, herbs fruits.
  • Evaluation (A) Weight of yield produced - Yield
    to be weighed recorded with presence of
    Sustainable representative. 1 kg yield 1 Point.
    Yields to be sent to kitchen for cooking. (B)
    Farm Cleanliness, condition of the plants,
    landscaping of farm, and team work.
  • Organic Garden
  • - Utilise spare land around resort compound to
    create departmental garden.
  • - Utilise recycled items for design of landscape
    ornamental plants ponds.
  • - Evaluation cleanliness, creativity, 3Rs
    (Reduce, Reuse Recycle), landscaping of garden,
    and team work.
  • Creation of Handicraft
  • To create a handicraft piece using recycled
    items present masterpiece during presentation,
    explaining their idea of creation, materials used
    purpose of creation.
  • - Evaluation Practical function, material used,
    design creativity, team work presentation of
    the creation.
  • Presentation
  • To present efforts in GCA 2008. Free to choose
    presentation form.
  • - To include their commitment (in departmental
    organic garden, creation of handicraft
    presentation) and their feedback on GCA 2008.
  • - Evaluation Presentation content, speech,
    creativity, team work grooming.

49
4Rs In Practice
50
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51
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52
Organic Duck Chicken Rearing
  • Duck rearing
  • - Rearing ducks in-situ at the resort
    organically.
  • To serve duck meat at resorts restaurant and to
    sell duck eggs to salted egg producer.
  • To reduce food cost, to reduce carbon footprint
    of food supply transportation to be
    self-sustained.
  • - Ducks are fed with kitchen waste such as
    leftover rice and wild water spinach grown at
    wetland.
  • Chicken rearing
  • To rear kampung chicken in-situ at the resort.
  • To supply chicken eggs and meat to the kitchen.
  • - To reduce food cost, to reduce carbon footprint
    of food supply transportation to be
    self-sustained.

53
Organic Planting Plot
54
Organic Vegetables
Spinach
Cucumber
Corn
Okra
Bitter gourd
55
Fresh Ulam (Salad) from Organic Garden
Cucumber, water spinach, pucuk betik, pucuk ubi,
Asiatic pennywort, okra, Neem leaves, cashew nut
leaves
56
Saving from Organic Food Production in 2008
Item Amount Saving (RM)
Banana 64 kg 109.20
Banana Leaf 15.17 kg 24.27
Chicken 0.7 kg 4.90
Chilli 5.223 kg 40.11
Corn 61.5 kg 276.75
Duck 13.05 kg 91.58
Duck Egg 5 nos 4.00
Ladys Finger 22.573 kg 77.01
Lemongrass 23.94 kg 47.88
Long Bean 73.5 kg 217.96
Mango 182.35 kg 1094.10
Mustard leaf 52.92 kg 185.22
Papaya 45.4 kg 72.64
Salad items 45.06 kg 107.16
Smooth gourd 43 nos 120.40
Watermelon 26.5 kg 47.70
Winter Melon 136.2 kg 197.94
TOTAL   2568.22
RM 2568.22 of organic food items were produced
from our organic farm
57
Activities in Nature
58
Natural air ventilation at restaurant
Foot reflexology path
Wildlife
Planting a tree at our resort to offset carbon
emission
Public toilet that uses rain water for flushing
Hot shower using solar panel
59
Activities
Beach volleyball
Coconut tree climbing See how skillful the local
man is in climbing and pruning the coconut
tree. A chance to savour the coconut juice.
Traditional Fishing
Nature Walk
60
Sunset Bar
Experience scenic sunset at our Sunset Bar which
we refurbished from a discarded fishing boat from
Kuala Teriang.
61
Community Outreach Program
Exhibition to promote green practices and
environmental awareness to local communities
We are keen on raising awareness among school
children. In year 2007, we adopted two schools,
S.K. Kedawang and S.K. Pulau Tuba. We organize
environmental education activity for them.
As one of our Corporate Social Responsibility
Projects , we collaborate with CIMB to help the
local community at Pulau Tuba by providing them
with machinery so that they could produce
handicraft and local cuisine for sale.
Sharing and educating other hotels on Green
Practices
62
School Organic Farm Project
  • In 2008, we adopted 10 schools for School Organic
    Farm Project.
  • Collaboration partners CIMB (funding),
    Agriculture Langkawi (technical support), MARDI
    Langkawi and Langkawi District Education Office.
  • Hope the children will get the chance to learn
    about organic farming which is more eco-friendly.
  • Will provide the schools with fertigation system
    for organic farming.
  • Each schools will plant a vegetable type on
    rotation basis.
  • Frangipani will purchase their yields so that
    they are able to sustain their farm and award the
    children.

63
Village Adoption Programme
  • Objective To foster good relationship with local
    community, educating them on importance of
    environmental conservation and working together
    on protecting Langkawis environment.
  • Scope environmental cleanliness, green village
    competition, sports activities especially local
    games, organic farming, recycling, handicraft
    making, social skills, job opportunity, help the
    needy, and financial management opportunity.

64
The Frangipani Langkawi Resort
Nov 13 2008
ASEAN Green Hotel Standard 2008/2009 (Jan 2008)
Anugerah Pelancongan LIBUR 2008 Best Hotel
Resort (Dec 17 2008)
Environmental Education Program Environmental
Education at Frangipani Langkawi Resort Spa.
65
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