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Catherine Millington

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Scottish Crime and Justice Survey, 2008-09 Catherine Millington Overview Survey methodology Estimating victimisation National Indicator 30: Reduce overall crime ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Catherine Millington


1
Scottish Crime and Justice Survey, 2008-09
  • Catherine Millington

2
Overview
  • Survey methodology
  • Estimating victimisation
  • National Indicator 30 Reduce overall crime
    victimisation rates by 2 percentage points by
    2011
  • Perceptions of crime
  • National Indicator 35 Increase positive public
    perception of the general crime rate in the local
    area
  • Police and criminal justice system

3
Survey Methodology
  • Large-scale continuous survey measuring peoples
    experience perceptions of crime in Scotland
  • 16,003 face-to-face interviews with Scottish
    adults (aged 16) in private households

4
  • Large sample size
  • More accurate measurement of less prevalent
    crimes e.g. serious assault
  • Sub-national estimates at police force area (PFA)
    community justice authority area (CJAA)
  • Combining 2009/10 2010/11 will give LA results
  • Allowed questionnaire to be split into modules,
    extending topic coverage while retaining reliable
    reporting at national level

5
SCJS 2008/09 - QUESTIONNAIRE STRUCTURE SCJS 2008/09 - QUESTIONNAIRE STRUCTURE SCJS 2008/09 - QUESTIONNAIRE STRUCTURE SCJS 2008/09 - QUESTIONNAIRE STRUCTURE
Full sample module (16,000 respondents) Full sample module (16,000 respondents) Full sample module (16,000 respondents) Full sample module (16,000 respondents)
Main screener Main screener Main screener Main screener
Victim form Victim form Victim form Victim form
Community sentencing Community sentencing Community sentencing Community sentencing
Scottish criminal justice system Scottish criminal justice system Scottish criminal justice system Scottish criminal justice system
Split sample modules (4,000 respondents each) Split sample modules (4,000 respondents each) Split sample modules (4,000 respondents each) Split sample modules (4,000 respondents each)
Fear of crime Workplace abuse Criminal justice system Insulted, pestered, intimidated Card and Identity fraud Civil justice Civil justice Safety cameras
Self completion section (asked of 16,000 respondents, completed by 10,974) Self completion section (asked of 16,000 respondents, completed by 10,974) Self completion section (asked of 16,000 respondents, completed by 10,974) Self completion section (asked of 16,000 respondents, completed by 10,974)
Drugs Drugs Drugs Drugs
Partner abuse and sexual victimisation Partner abuse and sexual victimisation Partner abuse and sexual victimisation Partner abuse and sexual victimisation
6
Limitations of the SCJS
  • Coverage - excludes businesses, those under
    16yrs, those living in institutions, e.g. student
    accommodation, victimless crimes, e.g. speeding
  • Respondent recall error
  • Sampling error to indicate the extent, key
    results presented with their calculated
    confidence intervals. These are bands within
    which there is confidence that the true value
    lies 95 of the time.

7
Estimating victimisation - the extent of crime
  • 1.04 million crimes in Scotland from SCJS 08/09
  • The same as in 2005/06
  • 0.73 million property crimes (70 of crime)
    involving theft or damage to personal or
    household property
  • 0.32 million violent crimes of assault or robbery
    (30 of crime).

8
Estimating victimisation - the extent of crime
9
Estimating victimisation - the extent of crime
over time
10
Estimating victimisation National Indicator 30
Reduce overall crime victimisation rates by 2
percentage points by 2011
  • The proportion of Scottish adults who were the
    victim of one or more crime is 20.4
  • this compares with 21.3 in 2005/06 (decrease
    0.9)
  • performance is maintaining
  • Although the last year on year change was not
    statistically significant it was part of a steady
    downward trend in the victimisation rate since
    the early 90s.

11
Varying risk of crime population characteristics
of adults who were the victim of one or more
crime
12
Varying risk of crime -Crime types
of adults/households who were the victim of one
or more crime
13
Comparison with England Wales
  • The risk of being a victim of crime
  • Scotland 20.4 (SCJS 2008/09)
  • EW 23 (BCS 2008/09)
  • The risk of being a victim of violent crime
  • Scotland 4.1
  • EW 3.2
  • The proportion of crime
  • Scotland 30 of crime is violent crime
  • EW 20 of crime is violent crime

14
Violent crime, alcohol weapons
  • In 58 of violent crime the victim thought the
    perpetrator was under the influence of alcohol
  • In 29 of violent crime the victim was under the
    influence of alcohol
  • A weapon was used (or threatened to be used) in
    28 of violent crimes
  • 1/3 of these weapons were knives
  • 1/4 were bottles

15
Was what happened a crime?
of crime
16
Reported to the police?
  • An estimated 38 of crime is reported to the
    police
  • Most common reasons for unreported crime
  • 41 too trivial / not worth reporting
  • 29 police could not have done anything
  • 16 police would not have bothered or been
    interested

17
Perceptions of crime
  • National Indicator 35 Increase positive public
    perception of the general crime rate in the local
    area
  • 69 of adults perceived the general crime rate in
    their local area to have stayed the same or
    reduced in the past 2 years
  • this compares with 65 in 2005/06
  • performance is improving
  • Fewer adults (28) thought that the crime rate in
    their area had increased over the last two years
  • this compares with 32 in 2005/06

18
How common are crimes in your local area?
19
How are these impressions formed?
20
Perceived risk vs actual risk
21
Do the police in your area do a good job?
Confidence in the police
of adults
22
Other topics from the survey
Monetary impacts of crime
Workplace abuse
Card and identity fraud
Safety cameras
Emotional responses to crime
Injuries sustained through violent crime
Community sentencing
Attitudes to sentencing
Civil justice
23
  • To view
  • SCJS 2008-2009 Reports, including - First
    findings, Partner abuse, Sexual victimisation,
    Illegal drug use Technical report
  • SCJS 2008-2009 Data tables and regional results
  • Please see the following website
    http//www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Research/by-topi
    c/crime-and-justice/crime-and-justice-survey/publi
    cations
  • Full data sets are available to download on the
    UK Data Archive
  • http//www.data-archive.ac.uk/findingData/scsTitl
    es.asp

24
Thank you, Questions?
  • Catherine.Millington_at_scotland.gsi.gov.uk
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