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Jimmy Carter 1977- 1980

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Jimmy Carter 1977- 1980 A Troubled Presidency? Economic Crisis Oil Embargo of 1973-74 by Arab countries Imports of oil after 74 continue to increase as does our ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jimmy Carter 1977- 1980


1
Jimmy Carter 1977- 1980
  • A Troubled Presidency?

2
Economic Crisis
  • Oil Embargo of 1973-74 by Arab countries
  • Imports of oil after 74 continue to increase as
    does our dependence on foreign oil
  • OPEC raises oil prices OUCH!

3
Theres More.
  • As dollar loses value internationally, inflation
    also increases at home (more per good)
  • Trade deficit increases
  • Carter unable to balance the Federal Budget
  • Stagflation low growth and inflation!

4
US Production
  • Sees declines in many industries as costs
    increase
  • Sees competition from abroad in manufactures
  • Agriculture sales decrease abroad 12 of
    framers earn 90 of Ag. Income
  • AFL-CIO (labor unions) lose 30 of
    membershipless political influence for workers
    more non-union and overseas jobs

5
Domestic Social Issues Continue
  • Income gap continues to widen
  • Women lose economic ground
  • Divorce rate increases
  • Increase numbers of babies born out of wedlock
  • Urban underclass increases
  • Struggle for equality among minorities continues

6
Social Pressures Give Rise to New Conservatism
  • Anti-Abortion Groups
  • Anti-Gay groups
  • Anti-ERA
  • Anti-Busing
  • Moral Majority, Inc by Jerry Falwell

7
Carters Foreign Policy
  • Human rights abroad as well as at home
  • Stop aiding dictators
  • Continue with détente (easing the tensions with
    the Soviets)
  • Peace in the Middle East
  • Crusader for Human Rights

8
U.S. Russian Relations
  • SALT II 1979 Leonid Brezhnev Carter sign
    treaty expanding on SALT I (1972) Congress never
    ratified it.
  • Continued with Détente established by Kissinger
    Nixon
  • Called for better treatment of dissidents in
    Russia

9
Carter gets caught up in History
  • Our past support of anti-communist dictators
  • Our distrust of the Soviet Union
  • Our dependency on Middle East oil

10
Détente????
  • Sanctions against USSR in response to 5,000
    Soviet troops sent to Afghanistan in support of
    pro-soviet government
  • Boycott of Olympics in Moscow in 1980
  • US Embargo of Grain to USSR (not complete)
  • 40 actions taken against USSR

11
The return of the Panama Canal
12
U.S. Latin America
  • Reduced spending on aid to militaries in Central
    and South America
  • Negotiated agreement to give Panama Canal back to
    Panama in 2000

13
US Chinese Relations
  • Continue with Détente towards China
  • US establishes normal diplomatic relations with
    China
  • China is accepted into the UN

14
Carter as Negotiator
  • Camp David Accords signed signaled first peace
    agreement between Israel (under Manachem Begin)
    and Egypt (under Anwar el-Sadat)
  • Created first framework for peace between Israel
    and an Arab nation

15
Exchange land for peace
16
US Iranian Relations
  • What should Carter have done?

17
Failure in Iran
18
Iran- The Shah of Iran a toppled ally
19
Anti-Shah demonstration in Tehran 1978
20
Students topple Shahs statue
21
Anti-Shah protest in Beverly Hills, California
22
The Shah and his wife leave Iran - 1979

23
A new enemy Ayatollah Khomeni
Religious fundamentalism rejects the west U.S.
was called The Great Satan
24
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25
In Tehran
26
The Shahs generals executed
27
The spin of the press
28
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29
A failed attempt to free the hostages
  • April 1980 Operation Eagle Claw helicopter
    crash
  • Sec. Of State resigns in protest
  • Damages Carters presidency

30
444 days
31
Finally, Hostages Released!
  • Released as a result of the Algiers Accord on
    Jan. 20, 1981
  • This occurred minutes after Ronald Reagan was
    sworn into office
  • Many argue Carter lost the 1980 election as a
    result of this

32
Nicaragua, another Foreign Policy disaster
33
The Sandinistas
34
Revolution
  • Land reform
  • Literacy programs
  • Improved health care
  • Ties to the Soviet Union and Cuba

35
Nicaraguan dictators and kleptocrats Anastasio
Somoza and his brother Luis
36
And it goes way back . . .FDR with Somoza Sr.
37
Support for Dictators
  • In Conflict with Human Rights
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