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The Post-2015 Agenda

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The Post-2015 Agenda Dr Marilyn Thomson Guiding Research Questions What are the limitations of the MDG framework in terms of addressing GBV? What lessons can be drawn ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Post-2015 Agenda


1
  • The Post-2015 Agenda
  • Dr Marilyn Thomson

2
Guiding Research Questions
  • What are the limitations of the MDG framework in
    terms of addressing GBV? What lessons can be
    drawn from the MDG experience?
  • What are the key opportunities and obstacles to
    ensuring GBV is addressed through a new
    framework?
  • What are the current debates in relation to
    effectively and meaningfully addressing GBV
    post-2015?
  • What type of framework would be most suitable to
    ensure that GBV is included?

3
The Millennium Development Goals
  • GOAL 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • GOAL 2 Achieve universal primary education
  • GOAL 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
  • GOAL 4 Reduce child mortality
  • GOAL 5 Improve maternal health
  • GOAL 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
    disease
  • GOAL 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
  • GOAL 8 Develop a global partnership for
    development

4
Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
  • Target
  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and
    secondary education by 2005, and in all levels of
    education by 2015
  • Indicators
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary
    and tertiary education
  • Ratio of literate females to males of
    15-to-24-year-olds
  • Share of women in wage employment in the
    non-agricultural sector
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national
    parliaments

5
Strategic priorities to achieve gender equality
and womens empowerment
  • 1. Strengthen opportunities for post- primary
    education for girls while meeting commitments to
    universal primary education.
  • 2. Guarantee sexual and reproductive health and
    rights.
  • 3. Invest in infrastructure to reduce womens and
    girls time burdens.
  • 4. Guarantee womens and girls property and
    inheritance rights.
  • 5. Eliminate gender inequality in employment by
    decreasing womens reliance on informal
    employment, closing gender gaps in earnings, and
    reducing occupational segregation.
  • 6. Increase womens share of seats in national
    parliaments and local governmental bodies.
  • 7. Combat violence against girls and women.
  • UN Task Force

6
GBV The Missing Dimension
  • Violence reinforces gender inequalities
  • Violence is a result of unequal power relations
  • Violence restricts womens ability to use their
    capabilities and take advantage of opportunities

7
Examples of gender based violence
  • One woman in four has been physically or sexually
    abused by her intimate partner.
  • 70 million - 140 million girls and women have
    undergone some form of female genital
    mutilation/cutting( FGM/C).
  • Over 64 million young women 2024 years old were
    married before aged 18, the majority in South
    Asia.
  • At least 800,000 people are trafficked across
    borders every year
  • 79 are women and girls. Trafficked women and
    girls are often raped, drugged, assaulted or
    threatened with violence.
  • The brutal murder of women solely because of
    their gender is on the increase in many
    countries. In a backlash against the womens
    movement, women human rights defenders are
    increasingly being targeted.
  • In the aftermath of conflict and during
    post-conflict transition women and girls face
    particular challenges as a result of gender based
    violence.

8
View from the front line
  • In Pakistan there has been a limited
    interpretation of the MDGs even the specific
    Goal 3 is restricted. Gender equality goes beyond
    education and poverty and gender roles are
    critical regarding womens control of land and
    the division of labour. Gender based violence is
    very important in every sector.
  • Ishrat Jabeen Programme Manager Trócaire,
    Pakistan

9
GBV an obstacle to reach MDG3
  • Girls who are victims of violence are less likely
    to attend and complete school.
  • Sexual harassment of school girls by teachers,
    peers, and others can lead to parents keeping
    their daughters out of school.
  • Early marriage is a barrier to secondary school
    progression for girls.

10
Proposed Core Dimensions in a new post 2015 agenda
  • Inclusive social development
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Inclusive economic development
  • Peace and security
  • The UN Task Team

11
Recommendations for the Post 2015 Agenda
  • 1 A framework based on human rights
  • 2 A twin-track approach
  • 3 Benchmarks and indicators
  • 4 Increased gender analysis and disaggregation
    of data
  • 5 A global partnership for development
  • 6 Ensuring that womens voices are heard

12
1. Based on Human Rights
  • The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of
    Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
  • The Beijing Platform for Action
  • UN Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, 1888
    and 1889

13
2. A twin-track approach
  • A standalone gender equality domain
  • with targets on ending violence
  • Integrating a gender focus into other development
    goals including addressing violence.

14
3. Benchmarks and Indicators on different forms
of violence
  • Killing of women by intimate partners
  • Economic-emotional-
  • psychological violence as part of intimate
    partner violence
  • Female infanticide
  • Crimes committed against women in the name of
    honour
  • Dowry-related violence
  • Forced marriage
  • Sexual harassment
  • Conflict/crisis-related violence against women
    sexual exploitation
  • Trafficking
  • Femicide

15
4. Gender Analysis Disaggregation of Data
  • National surveys should include all ethnic and
    population groups, including migrant and refugee
    women and girls
  • Data are disaggregated according to gender and a
    range of characteristics such as ethnicity, age,
    disability, legal status and location

16
A global partnership for development
  • Financial resources for womens organisations
  • Increased support and funding for gender based
    violence initiatives globally
  • Listening to women
  • Womens empowerment
  • Engaging men and boys to end violence

17
Finance for Development
  • Gender budgeting to identify spending priorities
    for governments and track resource allocation for
    GBV programs in the health, education, welfare,
    and judiciary sectors
  • Increased funding should be made available
    internationally for initiatives to tackle GBV,
    especially prevention work, womens participation
    and advocacy activities

18
Empowering Women
  • Women on the ground have to be at the centre of
    a new framework, but often the women who are
    affected by violence havent been empowered
    enough to be engaged as agents of change in the
    process. We need to support and empower women on
    the ground to get access to resources, access to
    justice and services.
  • Salome Mbugua, CEO AKIDWA, Ireland
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