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BAPTISM

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why do we baptize? what does it do for us? what are the types? does it guarantee salvation? why baptize babies? who can baptize, what s reqd.? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BAPTISM


1
BAPTISM
St. Edward Catholic Church RCIA PROGRAM
2
WHY YOU ARE HERE
  • Catholic Christianity is a demanding religion.
    Many people in many lands converted to the faith
    but without adequate preparation of mind and
    heart, and with sad consequences as a result.
    Lacking in depth of understanding or commitment,
    or injudiciously baptized in large numbers, the
    neophytes later drifted back to their
    superstitions or fell into a curious mixture of
    Christianity, animism, and moral customs that
    were incompatible with the high ethical
    requirements of the Gospel. (Vatican II)

3
Baptism Overview
  • WHAT, WHY, HOW (the rite)
  • SIX SACRAMENTAL EFFECTS
  • SCRIPTURE SUPPORT
  • INFANT BAPTISM
  • ORIGINAL SIN, ADOPTION, GRACE
  • THE RITE AND RESPONSIBILITIES

4
Baptism Defined
  • A SACRAMENT
  • THE DOOR TO ALL SACRAMENTS
  • INITIATION, INVITATION
  • GIFT
  • CLEANSING
  • RITE/RITUAL
  • BEGINNING
  • Three types desire, blood, water

5
FUTURE QUESTIONS
  • SECTION TWO THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH
  • CHAPTER ONE SACRAMENTS OF CHRISTIAN INITIATION
  • ARTICLE 1 THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM

6
Why We Baptize
  • Unless a man is reborn in water and the Holy
    Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of Heaven (Jn
    35)
  • Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing
    them in the name of the Father, and of the Son,
    and of the Holy Spirit. (Matt 2819)

7
WHY cont.
  • Required to enter kingdom of heaven
  • Directed by Christ himself
  • We (the Church) know of no other way
  • As the Apostles were directed to baptize we too
    are directed to be baptized. (Council of Trent)

8
SACRAMENTAL EFFECTS
  • PURIFICATION FROM SIN
  • FORGIVENESS OF ORIGINAL AND PERSONAL SIN
  • REMOVAL OF ALL PUNISHMENT
  • TEMPORAL CONSEQUENCES REMAIN
  • NEW BIRTH IN THE HOLY SPIRIT
  • ADOPTED SON OF GOD
  • BELIEF IN GOD, HOPE, LOVE
  • POWER TO LIVE AND ACT W/ HOLY SPIRIT
  • PROMISE OF SALVATION

9
SCRIPTURAL SUPPORT
  • After this, Jesus and his disciples went out
    into the Judean countryside, where he spent some
    time with them, and baptized. (Jn 322)
  • He said to them, "Go into all the world and
    preach the good news to all creation. Whoever
    believes and is baptized will be saved, but
    whoever does not believe will be condemned. (Mk
    1615-16)
  • Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every
    one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the
    forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive
    the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for
    you and your children and for all who are far
    off--for all whom the Lord our God will call."
    (Acts 238)

10
INFANT BAPTISM
  • Explicit testimony in 2nd century and implicit in
    1st century.
  • One of those listening was a woman named Lydia,
    a dealer in purple cloth from the city of
    Thyatira, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord
    opened her heart to respond to Paul's message.
    When she and the members of her household were
    baptized, she invited us to her home (Acts
    1614-15)
  • At that hour of the night the jailer took them
    and washed their wounds then immediately he and
    all his family were baptized. (Acts 1633)
  • Crispus, the synagogue ruler, and his entire
    household believed in the Lord and many of the
    Corinthians who heard him believed and were
    baptized. (Acts 188)
  • Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one
    of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the
    forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive
    the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for
    you and your children and for all who are far
    off--for all whom the Lord our God will call."
    (Acts 238)
  • Yes, I also baptized the household of Stephanas
    beyond that, I don't remember if I baptized
    anyone else. (1Cor116)

11
Infant Baptism cont.
  • Baptism is called the circumcision of Christ
  • For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity
    lives in bodily form, and you have been given
    fullness in Christ, who is the head over every
    power and authority. In him you were also
    circumcised, in the putting off of the sinful
    nature, not with a circumcision done by the hands
    of men but with the circumcision done by Christ,
    (Col 2 9-11)
  • Circumcision occurred 8 days after birth.
  • Babies did not understand the significance of
    circumcision it was the parents responsibility
    for the spiritual well being of their children.
  • We inoculate children against physical disease,
    is there no logical parallel for their spiritual
    protection?

12
Original Sin
  • The clearest revelation on original sin is found
    in the Epistles of St. Paul, especially Romans
    512-20. St. Paul writesThen as one man's
    trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one
    man's act of righteousness leads to acquittal and
    life for all men. For as by one man's
    disobedience many were made sinners, so by one
    man's obedience many will be made righteous. Rom
    518-19Adam's original disobedience made us
    all sinners, while Christ's obedience on the
    Cross saves us from our sins. St. Paul also
    writesTherefore as sin came into the world
    through one man and death through sin, and so
    death spread to all men because all men sinned.
    Rom 512

St Paul
13
Original Sin
  • What was the original sin?
  • Disobedience.
  • Wanting to be God and rejecting the gift from
    God.
  • Where does original sin come from?
  • Inherited

14
ADOPTION and GRACE
  • But when the fullness of time had come, God sent
    his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to
    ransom those under the law, so that we might
    receive adoption. As proof that you are children,
    God sent the spirit of his Son into our hearts,
    crying out, "Abba, Father! So you are no longer
    a slave but a child, and if a child then also an
    heir, through God. (Galatians 44-7)
  • It is a gift and we need only to ask.

15
What Do You Ask OfGods Church?
  • What is a Sacrament?
  • An outward sign instituted by Christ to give
    grace Baltimore Catechism
  • A visible sign of the invisible grace of
    salvation in Christ
  • Celebrated in ritual,
  • Lived in witness.

16
What Do You Ask of Gods Church?
  • SIGN - points to something else so clearly that
    it makes the reality of that which it points to
    present.
  • SYMBOL - is a sign consisting of two parts, in
    such a way that the whole is only visible when
    the two halves are brought together.

17
The Rite of Baptism
  • Sign of the Cross
  • Called by Name
  • What name do you give this child?
  • Called to community
  • What do you ask of Gods Church?
  • Celebration of Gods Word
  • Prayer of the Faithful
  • Anointing - Oil of the Catechumen
  • Exorcism
  • Liberation from evil by calling down the power of
    the Lord

18
The Rite of Baptism
  • Baptismal Water (Blessing and Rite)
  • The Church asks God that through His Son the
    Power of the Holy Spirit may be sent upon the
    water
  • Water is the symbol of promise fulfilled in
    scripture
  • Brings about death to sin and entry into the Life
    of the Most Holy Trinity

19
Profession of Faith
  • Baptismal promises
  • Do you reject Satan?
  • And all his works?
  • Empty promises?
  • Do you believe in Jesus Christ
  • Renewed by all at Easter and during baptism of
    others.

20
The Rite of Baptism
  • Anointing with Sacred Chrism
  • Gifts of the Holy Spirit
  • Anointed Priest, Prophet, King
  • We anoint you with the oil of salvation in the
    name of Christ our SaviorMay he strengthen you
    with his power, who lives and reigns for ever and
    ever.From the Rite of Baptism for Children Page
    381 . The Rites, Volume One

21
The Rite of Baptism
  • White Garment
  • Purity of Heart - The Baptized has put on Christ
  • The Candle
  • Paschal Candle - Christ has enlightened the world
  • Easter Vigil
  • Adopted child of God
  • Solemn Blessing
  • The parents are each Blessed and Strengthened to
    fulfill their promise

22
Lord God We ask to have our children Baptized
  • The primary responsibility of a childs faith
    rests upon parents
  • We accept the responsibility of training them in
    the practice of our faith
  • We will bring them up to keep the commandments as
    Jesus taught us, by loving you and one another.
  • We not only ask your help but the help of our
    families and our godparents.
  • May they support us along with the Christian
    Community as Christ claims our children by the
    sign of his cross.

23
Responsibilities
  • Educate yourselves
  • Dont just be Sunday Catholics
  • Train, teach, and live Gods love
  • Raise children as you promised
  • Adhere to Church authority/rules
  • Mass, Confession, Eucharist, teachings
  • Example in family and community

24
What Did You Receive From Gods Church
  • A New Creation
  • Incorporated
  • Into The Body Of Christ!
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church 1217-22

25
WHAT DID YOU LEARN?
  • WHY DO WE BAPTIZE?
  • WHAT DOES IT DO FOR US?
  • WHAT ARE THE TYPES?
  • DOES IT GUARANTEE SALVATION?
  • WHY BAPTIZE BABIES?
  • WHO CAN BAPTIZE, WHATS REQD.?
  • FIND ONE SCRIPTURE PASSAGE ABOUT BAPTISM
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