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Total Force

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Reserve Categories Ready Reserves Standby Retired Chain of Command ANG vs AFRC Accessibility Full/Partial Mobilization Presidential Selected Reserve Call-up ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Total Force


1
Total Force
2
Writing Assignment Feedback
  • Overall very good..no Cs
  • Answer the Mail
  • Attention to detail Dates, Typos

3
Samples of Behavior
  • Define each Reserve category
  • ID the categories that make up the Ready
    Reserves
  • State the chains of command for AF Res ANG
  • ID the four categories of Reserve accessibility
  • State the 6 times (1947-99) that ANG forces have
    been mobilized

4
  • Total Force
  • History
  • Force Modernization
  • Cost Effectiveness
  • Reserve Categories
  • Ready Reserve
  • Standby Reserve
  • Retired Reserve
  • Structure and Organization
  • Force Contributions
  • Accessibility

5
HISTORY
  • 1653, Oliver Cromwell overthrows British
    Parliament
  • Legitimate need for national defense
  • Who should rise up if we have no standing army?
  • The militia created 1780s
  • (which grew into the National Guard and the
    Reserve Forces)

6
Total Force
  • Evolved as official policy in 1970s
  • Aug 1970 -- The Total Force Concept was announced
    by Secretary of Defense Laird
  • Aug 1973 -- SECDEF James Schlesinger elevated the
    Total Force Concept to the Total Force Policy
  • Objective
  • integrate Active and Reserve forces
  • in the most cost-effective manner possible
  • maintain as small an active peacetime force as
    commitments permit.

7
Total ForceForce Modernization
  • Improved the equipment to state of the art during
    the 1980s
  • First to deploy, first to be equipped. -
    DOD 1225.6
  • Very cost effective

8
Total ForceCost Effectiveness for the DOD
  • Provides 50 of total US military force
  • Only consumes 8.3 of DoD budget

Annual Defense Report 2000
9
Cost Effectiveness AFR
Total Air Force Budget
Reserve Budget 4
Air Force Combat Capability
Supplied by Reserve 20
10
Cost Effectiveness ANG
Total Air Force Budget
ANG Budget 7
Air Force Combat Capability
Supplied by ANG 14
11
Cost Efficiency
  • Other cost-saving benefits (for the Air Force)
  • No paid leave
  • No family health care
  • Smaller Retirement fund contributions

12
  • Total Force
  • Reserve Categories
  • Structure and Organization
  • Force Contributions
  • Accessibility

13
Reserve Categories
  • Ready Reserve Combat ready deploy in 72 hours
  • Selected Reserve
  • Individual Ready Reserve
  • Standby Reserve
  • Retired Reserve

14
Selected Reserve
  • Units and individuals designated as essential to
    wartime missions
  • Have priority for training, equipment, and
    personnel
  • Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMAs)
  • Not attached to an organized Reserve unit
  • Assigned to active duty components

Selected Reserve part of Ready Reserve
15
Individual Ready Reserve
  • Pool of pre-trained individuals who
  • Served in Active units or Selected Reserve
  • Have military service obligation (MSO) remaining
  • Eligible for involuntary service

Individual Ready Reserve part of Ready Reserve
16
Standby Reserve
  • Personnel who are not required to train and are
    not assigned to units.
  • Reservists whose civilian jobs are key to
    national defense
  • Includes people who may have left active duty due
    to hardships

17
Retired Reserve
  • Personnel who receive retired pay (AD/Reserve) or
    are placed in retirement status but have not yet
    reached age 60
  • All may be recalled to active duty by the
    appropriate Service Secretary

18
TOTALSAF Reserve Manpower
IRR
Selected Reserves
Retired/Standby
AFRC Mission Brief Apr 2001
19
Associate Program
  • Associate Program Advantages
  • Mixture of active duty/Reserve crews
  • Share flying and maintenance responsibilities
  • Increases surge capability
  • Growth potential to expand Reserve mission

20
TOTAL FORCE
  • Total Force
  • Reserve Categories
  • Structure and Organization
  • Force Contributions
  • Accessibility

21
Air National Guard
To provide ready units to the state and nation in
three roles Federal Role To support national
security objectives State Role To protect life
and property, and to preserve peace,order, and
public safety Community Role To participate in
local, state, and national programs that add
value to America
22
Air National GuardDual Mission
  • State
  • Protect Life and Property
  • Peace and Order
  • Civil Defense
  • Federal
  • Support USAF Missions
  • Train for Wartime

23
Air National Guard
State Governor
State Adjutant General
State Army Units
State Air Units
24
National Guard Personnel
  • Drill Status (Traditional) Guardsmen
  • 69 of force
  • Enlist for 6 years
  • One unit training assembly (UTA) a month
  • 15 days annual training

25
National Guard Personnel
  • Full time Guardsmen
  • 31 of total Guard force
  • Air Technicians
  • Full-time Civil Service employees
  • Active (Duty) Guard personnel
  • Same areas as Technicians, but full benefits
  • Active Duty Component personnel
  • AF personnel assigned to Guard units (advisors)
  • Active Duty for Training
  • Traditional Guardsmen temporarily on AD for
    training

26
Air Force Reserve Mission
Maintain in a constant state of readiness USAFR
units and individuals and the systems and
services required to perform their assigned
mission in support of US national objectives.
27
Air Force Reserves
28
TOTALSAFRC Manpower
Civilians
Air Reserve Technicians
Regular Reservists
AFRC Mission Brief Apr 2001
29
Total Force
  • Provides 50 of total US military force
  • Only consumes 8.3 of DoD budget
  • Missions have increased to a steady state of
    12-13 million man-days in each of last 3 years

Annual Defense Report 2000
30
  • Total Force
  • Reserve Categories
  • Structure and Organization
  • Force Contributions
  • Accessibility

31
Satellite Space Operations
AFR
ANG
Active Duty
HQ AFRC/XP Jan 2000
32
Bombers
ANG
AFR
Active Duty
Ex B-1, B-52, B-2
USAF Almanac 2000
33
Fighters
ANG
AFR
Active Duty
Ex F-15, F-16, OA-10, A-10, F-22, F117
USAF Almanac 2000
34
Strategic Airlift
ANG
AFR
Active Duty
Ex C-5, C-141, C-17
Airman Book 2001
35
Tankers
ANG
AFR
Active Duty
Ex KC-10, KC-135, HC-130
USAF Almanac 2000
36
Rescue
ANG
AFR
Active Duty
Ex HC-130, HH-60
HQ AFRC/XP Jan 2000
37
Theater Airlift
ANG
AFR
Active Duty
Ex C-130, C-17
USAF Almanac 2000
38
Air Defense
ANG
Examples F-15, F-16
Airman Book 2001
39
Weather Recon
AFR
Ex WC-130
HQ AFRC/XP Jan 2000
40
TOTAL FORCE
  • Total Force
  • Reserve Categories
  • Structure and Organization
  • Force Contributions
  • Accessibility

41
Accessibility
  • Full mobilization
  • Partial mobilization
  • Presidential Selected Reserve Call-Up
  • Volunteers

42
Full Mobilization
  • Gives access to the full Ready Reserve
  • Requires a declaration of war or national
    emergency by Congress
  • Duration of Conflict plus 6 months

43
Partial Mobilization
  • 1,000,000 members of the Ready Reserve
  • Up to 24 months
  • President must declare a national emergency

44
Presidential Selected Reserve Call-Up
  • Up to 200,000 personnel
  • Up to 270 days
  • President must notify Congress

45
Volunteers
  • Provide the majority of personnel in times of
    war and peace

46
Increasing Tempo
1953-1990 (38 YEARS)
1991-2000 (10 YEARS)
60/38
10/10
For AFR/ANG
077
47
A Balanced Lifestyle Typical Civilian
  • Vacation
  • Sick Leave
  • Weekends
  • Holidays

144
221
Work 221 Days
Play 144 Days
058
48
Reservists Support Commitments
84
Play 84 Days
281
Work 221 Days
Support 60 Days
059
49
Aircrew Commitments
21
Play 21 Days
344
Work 221 Days
Aircrew 123 Days
060
50
Points to Remember...
  • Reserve Categories
  • Ready Reserves
  • Standby
  • Retired
  • Chain of Command
  • ANG vs AFRC
  • Accessibility
  • Full/Partial Mobilization
  • Presidential Selected Reserve Call-up
  • Volunteers

51
  • We need to shift away from the Cold War stance
    of having the active duty do the operational
    missions and have the Reserves just do training.
  • Vice Admiral David Frost
  • former Deputy Commander
  • US SPACE COMMAND

52
Air Force Team
Global Vigilance, Reach Power
Active Duty Air Force
Air Force Reserve
Air National Guard
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