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Trait emotional intelligence

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K. V. Petrides Trait emotional intelligence K.V. Petrides London Psychometric Laboratory Department of Psychology, University College London, UK E-mail: k.petrides_at_ ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Trait emotional intelligence


1
Trait emotional intelligence
  • K.V. Petrides
  • London Psychometric Laboratory
  • Department of Psychology, University College
    London, UK
  • E-mail k.petrides_at_ucl.ac.uk
  • www.psychometriclab.com
  • Google trait EI

October 2009, NTU Taipei
2
Aims
  • To give an indication of the main divisions of
    the research programme
  • To mention, as opposed to explain, core research
    findings
  • All papers are downloadable from
    www.psychometriclab.com
  • To bring to your attention the range of
    assessment materials available via LPL

October 2009, NTU Taipei
3
Background milestones
  • Thornikes social intelligence.
  • Gardners (1983) multiple intelligences.
  • Intrapersonal intelligence
  • Interpersonal intelligence
  • Emotional intelligence as a term appears in
    Greenspan (1989), Leuner (1966), Payne (1986).
  • Salovey Mayer (1990)
  • Goleman (1995)
  • Petrides and colleagues (2000-)
  • Trait EI versus Ability EI
  • Trait emotional intelligence research programme

October 2009, NTU Taipei
4
Operationalization of EI
  • Two crucial issues are involved in the
    operationalization of EI (and of any other
    construct)
  • What is the sampling domain of construct?
  • How do we measure the various components of the
    sampling domain?
  • Until recently and even now the first
    question was resolved by having as many sampling
    domains and EI definitions as researchers in the
    field.
  • Until recently and even now the second
    question was not even considered, with
    researchers assuming that the use of self-report
    or maximum-performance tests has no implications
    for operationalization.

October 2009, NTU Taipei
5
Trait EI vs ability EI
  • Ability EI (or cognitive-emotional ability) in
    theory encompasses emotion-related cognitive
    abilities and should be measured via
    maximum-performance tests (although this has not
    proved possible).
  • Trait EI (or trait emotional self-efficacy)
    encompasses emotion-related dispositions and
    self-perceptions and should be measured via
    self-report questionnaires.

October 2009, NTU Taipei
6
Trait EI vs ability EI II
October 2009, NTU Taipei
7
Veridical scoring in IQ tests
Nonverbal analogies
Ravens matrices
  • The existence of single, invariant, and
    objectively derived correct response is a
    defining characteristic of intelligence testing.

8
Operationalization of ability EI
  • If ability EI is a new cognitive ability, then
    items or tasks with emotional content need to be
    developed such that they can be scored according
    to truly veridical criteria.
  • In other words, the construct in its entirety
    ought to be assessed through items that can be
    responded to correctly or incorrectly.
  • Is it possible to develop EI items along
    cognitive ability lines?
  • NO emotional experience is inherently subjective
    (Brody, 2004 Locke, 2005 Pérez, Petrides,
    Furnham, 2005 Watson, 2000).

October 2009, NTU Taipei
9
Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test
(MSCEIT)
October 2009, NTU Taipei
10
MSCEIT II
  • Brody, N. (2004). What cognitive intelligence is
    and what emotional intelligence is not.
    Psychological Inquiry, 15, 234-238.
  • Conte, J. M. (2005). A review and critique of
    emotional intelligence measures. Journal of
    Organizational Behavior, 26, 433-440.
  • Keele, S. M. Bell, R. C. (2008). The factorial
    validity of emotional intelligence An unresolved
    issue. Personality and individual differences,
    44, 487-500.
  • Ortony, A., Revelle, W., Zinbarg, R. (2007).
    Why emotional intelligence needs a fluid
    component. In G. Matthews, M. Zeidner, R. D.
    Roberts (Eds.), The science of emotional
    intelligence. Knowns and unknowns - Series in
    Affective Science (pp.288-304). Oxford Oxford
    University Press.
  • OSullivan, M., Ekman, P. (2005). Facial
    expression recognition and emotional
    intelligence. In G. Geher, (Ed.). Measuring
    emotional intelligence Common ground and
    controversy. Hauppauge, NY Nova Science
    Publishing.
  • Rossen, E., Kranzler, J. H., Algina, J. (2008).
    Confirmatory factor analysis of the
    Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test
    V2.0 (MSCEIT). Personality and Individual
    Differences, 44, 1258-1269.
  • Wilhelm, O. (2005). Measures of emotional
    intelligence practice and standards. In R.
    Schulze, R. D. Roberts (Eds.), International
    handbook of emotional intelligence (pp. 131-154).
    Seattle, WA Hogrefe Huber.

11
Trait emotional intelligence
October 2009, NTU Taipei
12
Trait EI
  • Trait emotional intelligence is a constellation
    of emotion-related self-perceptions located at
    the lower levels of personality hierarchies
    (Petrides, Pita, Kokkinaki, 2007).
  • The trait EI sampling domain aims to provide
    comprehensive coverage of the emotion-related
    aspects of personality.
  • Trait EI rejects the notion that emotions can be
    artificially objectified in order to be made
    amenable to veridical scoring, along IQ lines.
  • An alternative label for the construct is trait
    emotional self-efficacy.

October 2009, NTU Taipei
13
The sampling domain of trait EI
  • Petrides Furnham (2001 EJP)

October 2009, NTU Taipei
14
October 2009, NTU Taipei
15
Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire
(TEIQue , TEIQue-SF, TEIQue-ASF,
TEIQue-CF,TEIQue 360o)
  • TEIQue translations
  • Greek
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Chinese
  • Portuguese
  • Dutch
  • Norwegian
  • Croatian
  • Serbian
  • Italian
  • TEIQue-SF
  • 30 items, global trait EI score
  • Adolescent TEIQue-ASF
  • TEIQue 360o
  • 153 items, 15 subscales, 4 factors, global trait
    EI score.
  • Theory-based
  • Research-based
  • Peer-reviewed
  • Open-access

October 2009, NTU Taipei
16
Trait EI factor structure
October 2009, NTU Taipei
17
Trait EI Experimental studies
Petrides Furnham, 2003 EJP
Anger Vigour
Confusion Total POMS
Tension Depression
N 30 Residualized Trait EI scores
October 2009, NTU Taipei
18
Trait EI and academic performance I
November, 2007, UCLan, UK
19
Trait EI and academic performance II
Petrides, Frederickson, Furnham, 2004 N 650
PAID
20
Trait EI and academic performance III
Petrides, Frederickson, Furnham, 2004 N 650
PAID
21
Trait EI and behaviour at school
KV Petrides
Petrides, Frederickson, Furnham, 2004 PAID
  • Pupils with high trait EI scores tend to have
    fewer unauthorised absences (truancy).
  • Pupils with high trait EI scores are less likely
    have been expelled from their school for serious
    breaches of discipline (exclusions).

lt.05
lt.05
October 2009, NTU Taipei
22
Self- and other-ratings of trait EI
Petrides, Sangareau, Furnham, Frederickson,
2006 10.8 years Soc Dev
KV Petrides
Mavroveli, Petrides, Rieffe, Bakker, 2007 BJDP
Petrides et al., Psicothema, 2006 N 35 ballet
students
23
Trait EI in children I
Mavroveli, Petrides, Shove, Whitehead, 2008
ECAP
October 2009, NTU Taipei
24
Trait EI in children II
Mavroveli, Petrides, Shove, Whitehead, 2008
ECAP
October 2009, NTU Taipei
25
Trait EI in children III
Mavroveli, Petrides, Sangareau, Furnham, 2009
BJEP
October 2009, NTU Taipei
26
Trait EI and teen self-harm
Mikolajczak, Petrides, Hurry, 2009 BJHP
October 2009, NTU Taipei
27
Trait EI and communicative anxiety
L1 N 425
L2 N 406
Dewaele, Petrides, Furnham, 2008 Language
Learning
October 2009, NTU Taipei
28
Trait EI in Aspergers Syndrome
October 2009, NTU Taipei
29
Behavioral genetics of trait EI
Vernon, Petrides, Bratko, Shermer, J. A.
(2008) Emotion
30
Trait EI and big five Genetic analysis
N
E
O
A
C
Vernon, Villani, Aitken Schermer, Petrides,
2008 TRHG
October 2009, NTU Taipei
31
Trait EI and humor styles Genetic analysis
Vernon et al., 2009 JID
October 2009, NTU Taipei
32
Gender differences in trait EI
  • Overall, small or non-existent gender
    differences in global trait EI scores.

TEIQue data N 351 p ns
Modified EQ-i data N 166 p lt .01
Petrides, Furnham, Martin (2004) N 224 JSP
TEIQue-SF data N 668 p lt .01
Schutte et al. scale data N 260 p ns
33
Incremental validity of trait EI
N 200
Petrides, Pérez, Furnham, 2007 C E
N 212 Spain
34
Trait SI - Definition
K. V. Petrides
  • The domain of SI lacks the objectivity required
    to be amenable to maximum-performance
    measurement.
  • Trait SI (or trait social self-efficacy) is a
    constellation of social self-perceptions located
    at the lower levels of hierarchical personality
    structures.

October 2009, NTU Taipei
35
The sampling domain of trait SI
K. V. Petrides
  • Sampling domain

Negotiating Perspective taking Communicative anxiety Networking Savoir vivre
Social forecasting Social relationships Social confidence Social attentiveness Managing others
Understanding others Social desirability Teamwork/cooperation Social adaptability Social interest/social empathy
October 2009, NTU Taipei
36
Trait Social Intelligence Questionnaire (v. 1.5)
(TSIQue TSIQue-SF)
K. V. Petrides
  • Internal consistencies are high at all levels.
  • Factor structure
  • 15 facets
  • 3 factors (Social acting, Social thinking, Social
    relating)
  • Global trait SI

All versions and forms available free for
research purposes
October 2009, NTU Taipei
37
The trait intelligences research program
K. V. Petrides
International links UK, Australia, Belgium,
Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, India, The
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain.
Research divisions Psychometric Educational Indust
rial/Organizational Child/Human
Development Behavioral Genetic
Current past funding bodies ESRC Nuffield
Foundation British Academy University of London
Students PhD E. Cole BA, BSc, MA, MSc, MPhil
www www.psychometriclab.com
October 2009, NTU Taipei
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