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Before Reading_ 1.1_1

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Title: Before Reading_ 1.1_1


1
Before Reading_ 1.1_1
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
2
Before Reading_ 1.1_1_pop
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
Hailing from the small town of Charlemagne,
Québec, Celine Dion has become one of the
all-time greatest singers. Celine was born in
1968, the youngest of fourteen children. Early in
childhood, she sang with her brothers and sisters
in a small club owned by her parents. At the age
of twelve, Dion composed a song in her native
French and sent it to a record company, where it
garnered the attention of a respected manager.
Her talent was discovered and her career
started. In 1991, Celine burst onto the US stage
when she recorded the theme song to Disneys hit
Beauty and the Beast. In 1996 she was so
well-known internationally that she came to
Atlantic Olympics to present the song The Power
of the Dream. Her powerful voice and the
wonderful melody rocked everyone there.
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
3
Before Reading1.2_1



Directions Listen to the song and fill in the
blanks with what you hear.
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
Deep within each heart, There lies a magic
spark And since the dawn of man The strength of
just I can Has brought together people of all
nations Theres nothing ordinary In the living
of each day Everyone of us will play Feel the
flame forever burn Teaching lessons we must learn
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
That lights the fire of our imagination
______________________________
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
Theres a special part
____________________
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
4
Before Reading1.2_2



To bring us closer to the power of the dream As
the world gives us its best It is the power of
the dream that brings us here Your mind will take
you far The rest is just pure heart And every
boy and girl As they come into this world Feel
the flame forever burn Teaching lessons we must
learn To bring us closer to the power of the
dream We pray that it will always be
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
To stand apart from all the rest
_________________________
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
Youll find your fate is all your own creation
__________________________________
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
They bring the gift of hope and inspiration
__________________________________
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
The world unites in hope and peace
Word Web
_____________________________
5
Before Reading1.2_3



It is the power of the dream that brings us
here Every woman, child and man Its the moment
that you think you cant Youll discover that you
can Teaching lessons we must learn To bring us
closer to the power of the dream The world
unites in hope and peace We pray that it will
always be It is the power of the dream that
brings us here Feel the flame forever burn
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
Theres so much strength in all of us
_____________________________
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
Feel the flame forever burn
________________________
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
6
Before Reading1.2_4



Teaching lessons we must learn To bring us closer
to the power of the dream The world unites in
hope and peace We pray that it will always be It
is the power of the dream that brings us here The
power of the dream The courage to embrace your
fear No matter where you are To realize the
power of the dream To realize the power of the
dream
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
The faith in things unseen
______________________
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
To reach for your own star
_______________________
Questions and Answers
Word Web
7
Before Reading_1.3



1. What kind of Olympic spirit is expressed in
the song?
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
Believing in the power of dreams and always
having faith in yourself.
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
2. How would you understand this line Youll
find your fate is all your own creation?
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
All the Olympic champions actually create their
own glory through their own efforts.
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
3. In the song, the word lesson appears several
times, what kind of lesson must be learned
here?
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Learn to fight for dream and to be the best.
Questions and Answers
Word Web
8
Before Reading_2.1



Directions Describe what kind of figure skating
athlete she was according to
the video clip.
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
9
Before Reading_2.2



Directions As the old saying goes, A fall into
the pit, a gain in your wit,
how do you think this applies to Kristi
Yamaguchis performance?
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
10
Before Reading_3.1



1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
Watch an interview with Carl Lewis
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
Questions and Answers
Word Web
11
Before Reading_3.2



Directions The following questions are based on
the information in the
interview.
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
1. How many times did Carl Lewis win the Olympic
medals?
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Altogether 9 times.
Dictation
2. When did he get the first Olympic medal and
when did he get the last one?
Questions and Answers
Kristi Yamaguchi
He got the first one in 1989 and the last one in
1996.
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
3. According to him, what was his key to remain
at the top?
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
In order to be the top and stay there, he had to
be visionary and it was a hard journey so he had
to rely on teamwork.
Carl Lewis
4. Some people say competitive sports build
character, what do you think about it?
An interview with Carl Lewis
Carl Lewiss success proved that his glory was
not relying on being young or his talent but his
persistence and his good management of himself.
Questions and Answers
Word Web
12
Before Reading_4



Directions What words will occur to you whenever
we mention the word Olympic.
Write down as many words as
possible about it.
1996 Olympics Song The Power of the Dream
A Brief Introduction to the Singer
Dictation
swifter
higher
Questions and Answers
honor
Kristi Yamaguchi
glory
stronger
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchi
A video clip about Kristi Yamaguchis fall in
1992 Olympics
Olympic
medal
Olympic Flame
Carl Lewis
An interview with Carl Lewis
champion
Questions and Answers
ancient Greek
Word Web
sportsmanship
the torch
the Olympic Flag
13
Global Reading_1
Part Division of the Text



Part
Para(s).
Main Ideas
True or False
Many athletes mount the winners stand not simply
because of their athletic talent, but because of
their firm inner fibre.
1
12
Questions and Answers
The qualities that help make Olympic champions
involve having a dream, being fired up, aiming
high, not quitting, and making ones own luck.
2
315
14
Global Reading_ 2
1. 2. 3. 4.
After Kristi Yamaguchi fell to the ground she had
to do the program all over again in order to win
the gold medal. Sportsmen win not simply
because of their athletic talent but because of
their strong willpower. Every child who dreams
of Olympic fame will one day climb onto the
winners stand. Most athletes are able to
foretell the outcome of their competition.
Part Division of the Text
F
( )
True or False
She received near-perfect marks despite the fall.
Questions and Answers
( )
T
F
( )
Not every child who dreams of Olympic fame will
one day climb onto the winners stand.
F
( )
Some athletes are able to do that because of
their high expectation.
15
Global Reading_ 3_1
1. Why was Kristi Yamaguchi awarded the gold
medal even though she fell to the ice during her
performance?
Part Division of the Text
Because the judges were deeply impressed by her
spirited recovery from the tumble and they highly
appreciated her determination and courage.
True or False
Questions and Answers
2. What did Loretta Dawes sacrifice to support
her daughter to grow into a world-class athlete?
For an entire year before the 1992 Olympics, she
rarely saw her daughter who lived with her coach
to be closer to the gym, a 45-minute drive from
home.
3. Why did Carl Lewis plan to compete again even
after winning eight gold medals?
Because he was driven not only to be the best but
always to do his best. In other words, he wanted
to bring out his maximum potential.
16
Global Reading_ 3_2
4. What did Florence Joyner write in her diary
before the 1998 Games and what happened then?
Part Division of the Text
She wrote in her diary the time she expected to
run and win the 100-meter dash 10.54 seconds.
When Flo Jo crossed the finish line, the clock
showed 10.54. She had not only seen herself
winning, but called her winning time to the split
second.
True or False
Questions and Answers
5. What happened to Derek Redmond in the
400-meter semifinal? What did he do then?
He had one leg injured and fell to the track. He
struggled to his feet and began to hobble.
Finally, with his fathers help, he limped to the
finish line.
6. What does Paul Wylies story tell us?
His story tells us that luck strikes only those
who are prepared to capitalize on it.
17
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
Its not just athletic talent that molds winners.
John Anderson relates the stories of some
well-known athletes to show what makes Olympic
champions. He also points out that good luck only
strikes those who are well prepared to take
advantage of it.
18
Detailed Reading_t1
What Makes Olympic Champions? John E. Anderson
Detailed Reading
When Kristi Yamaguchi fell to the ice in the 1992
Winter Olympics at Albertville, France,
spectators groaned. Surely the 20-year-olds
chances for a gold medal in figure skating had
evaporated with that tumble. But Kristi rose
to her feet,
flashed a dazzling smile and spun back into her
program. When the judges scores were
announced, she had received near-perfect marks
despite the fall. Her spirited recovery gave
her the gold medal a tribute to her
determination and courage.
19
Detailed Reading_t2-3
As a consultant to US Olympic teams and many
individual athletes, Ive seen dozens of young
men and women like Kristi who reached deep into
themselves at a critical moment and found
something that brought out their best. They
mounted the winners stand not simply because of
athletic talent but because of firm inner
fiber. They had a dream. Kristi Yamaguchi
visualized herself as an Olympic champion the
first time she put on skates, at age six. Bonny
Warner, who represented the United States in
three Olympic luge competitions, didnt have her
dream until she was a college student. Before
that, she had never heard of the racing sled
called a luge. But once the dream took shape,
both young women clung to it courageously and
worked to make it come true.
Detailed Reading
20
Detailed Reading_t4
Most important, their parents and those around
them supported the dream. Loretta Dawes, whose
16-year-old daughter, Dominique, was one of the
first female black gymnasts to represent the
United States in the Olympics, recently told the
press that bringing up a world-class athlete
isnt easy. For an entire year before the 1992
Olympics, she rarely saw her daughter, who lived
with her coach to be closer to the gym, a
45-minute drive from home. Dawes was asked
Detailed Reading
what advice she would give other parents of
athletes. She answered simply and eloquently.
Believe in your child, she said.
21
Detailed Reading_t5-7
That doesnt mean every child who dreams of
Olympic fame will one day climb onto the winners
stand. But being able to dream is the first step
on every road to success even if the initial
dream eventually leads to a different road.
Theyre fired up. The Olympic Flame that top
performers pursue burns inside them. Theyre
driven not only to be the best but to do their
best always.
Detailed Reading
Thats why Carl Lewis, who already holds eight
Olympic gold medals, plans to compete again at 36
in the 1996 Games, against youngsters half his
age and why discus thrower Al Oerter, after
winning gold medals in four consecutive Olympics,
tried again for the Olympic team at age 47.
22
Detailed Reading_t8-9
Swimmer Janet Evans, who won three gold medals in
Seoul in 1988, embodied that same desire to win
four years later. After she narrowly missed a
gold medal in the 400-meter freestyle, she swam
one of the most psychologically challenging races
of her life in the 800-meter freestyle to win the
gold. I just wanted to be up there on that
winners stand one more time, she confessed.
Detailed Reading
They aim high. I once asked a world-class athlete
to guess at the outcome of a major competition.
Ill come in fifth, he said. And thats
exactly where he finished,
even though he could easily have placed third, or
even second, since two other major contenders
performed poorly.
23
Detailed Reading_t10-11
Contrast him with Flo Jo Florence Griffith
Joyner. Training a week before the 1988 Games,
she wrote in her diary the time she expected to
run and win the 100-meter dash 10.54 seconds.
When Flo Jo crossed the finish line, the clock
showed 10.54. She had not only seen herself
winning, but called her winning time to the split
second. They never quit. The 1992 Summer Olympics
featured two tremendously poignant moments.
American sprinter Gail Devers, the clear
leader in the 100-meter hurdles, tripped over the
last barrier. She agonizingly pulled herself to
her knees and crawled the last five meters,
finishing the fifth but finishing.
Detailed Reading
24
Detailed Reading_t12-13
Even more heart-breaking was the 400-meter
semifinal in which British runner Derek Redmond
had one leg injured and fell to the track. He
struggled to his feet and began to hobble,
determined to complete the race. His father ran
from the stands to help him off the track, but
the athlete refused to quit.
Detailed Reading
He leaned on his father, and the two limped to
the finish line together, to deafening applause.
They make their own luck. When Paul Wylie won a
silver medal in mens figure skating at
Albertville, he surprised everyone but himself.
Several skaters who had been expected to win
medals had been injured or had performed poorly.
I was the last person expected to make the
winners podium, Wylie said. But I had
trained like crazy, and when the favorites
faltered, I was ready.
25
Detailed Reading_t14-15
Month after month, year after year, Olympians
I know go through a grind of pointing toward
their big moment. Skaters arise at 4 a.m. to
squeeze in a few hours of practice before a rink
is open to the public. Cyclists put in hours of
running exercises before reporting to their daily
jobs. Boxers head for the gym and work out
relentlessly every day. In the Olympics, as in
other aspects of life, luck certainly counts. The
second clarinetist who has practiced diligently
is lucky to get a chance to solo when the first
clarinetist becomes ill. So is the assistant
sales manager who fills in for the boss in an
emergency. But both must be well prepared for
their big break. In the Olympics in
everything luck strikes those prepared to
capitalize on it.
Detailed Reading
26
Detailed Reading_t1_ But Kristi rose
But Kristi rose to her feet, flashed a dazzling
smile and spun back into her program.
Detailed Reading
1. What does dazzling mean here? What does the
word imply?
Dazzling means very impressive and attractive.
The word dazzling implies that Kristi was very
courageous in the face of adversity.
2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
??????????,?????,????,?????
27
Detailed Reading_t1_Her spirited
Her spirited recovery gave her the gold medal a
tribute to her determination and courage.
Detailed Reading
1. What does spirited recovery refer to?
It refers to Kristis coming back to her program,
which showed her energy and determination.
2. What does tribute mean?
It means something that you say, do or make to
show your admiration and respect for someone.
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
??????,????,???????,??????????????
28
Detailed Reading_t2-3_Ive seen dozens
Ive seen dozens of young men and women like
Kristi who reached deep into themselves at a
critical moment and found something that brought
out their best.
Detailed Reading
1. What does reached deep into themselves mean?
The phrase means exerted themselves to the
utmost.
2. What does something that brought out their
best mean?
It means a way to bring out their maximum
potential.
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
??????????????????????????????????????,??????????
??
29
Detailed Reading_t2-3_ They mounted
They mounted the winners stand not simply
because of athletic talent but because of firm
inner fiber.
Detailed Reading
1. What does firm inner fiber mean?
Firm inner fiber means strong willpower.
2. Paraphrase this sentence.
The champions won not only because of their
talent for sports, but because of their inner
quality of determination and perseverance.
30
Detailed Reading_t2-3_ But once the
But once the dream took shape, both young women
clung to it courageously and worked to make it
come true.
Detailed Reading
1. What does take shape mean?
Take shape means be formed.
2. What does cling to mean?
Cling to means stick to or hold on to.
3. Paraphrase the sentence.
But once the dream was formed, both young women
pursued it bravely and did their best to realize
it through trials and tribulations.
31
Detailed Reading_t5-7_ Theyre fired
Theyre fired up.
Detailed Reading
1. What does fire sb. up mean?
Fire sb. up means to make sb. become very
excited, interested, etc. Another example
Weve got to get fired up for this game or we
have no hope of winning. ???????,???????????
2. Paraphrase the sentence.
They are enthusiastic about what they are doing.
32
Detailed Reading_t5-7_ The Olympic
The Olympic Flame that top performers pursue
burns inside them.
Detailed Reading
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
They are immensely inspired by the Olympic
spirit, which the Olympic flame represents and
the best athletes pursue.
2. Translate the sentence.
??????????????????????????
33
Detailed Reading_t8-9_thats exactly
thats exactly where he finished
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase the sentence.
thats exactly what he did he came in fifth
34
Detailed Reading_t10-11_She had not
She had not only seen herself winning, but called
her winning time to the split second.
Detailed Reading
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
She had not only predicted that she would win,
but had also predicted the exact time of winning
the race.
2. Translate the sentence.
??????????????,????????????????????
35
Detailed Reading_t10-11_ the clear leader
the clear leader
Detailed Reading
What does the clear leader mean?
The clear leader means the person who has an
obvious lead in a race or competition.
36
Detailed Reading_t12-13_ I was the last
I was the last person expected to make the
winners podium.
Detailed Reading
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
I was not at all expected to be the winner.
2. Translate the sentence.
??????????????
37
Detailed Reading_t12-13_ But I had
But I had trained like crazy, and when the
favorites faltered, I was ready.
Detailed Reading
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
I had exerted myself fully in training, and was
therefore ready to seize the opportunity
presented by the failure of the leading
competitors.
2. Translate the sentence.
???????????,????????????????, ???????????
38
Detailed Reading_t14-15_Olympians I
Olympians I know go through a grind of pointing
toward their big moment.
Detailed Reading
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
The athletes I know who have participated in the
Olympic Games experience lots of hardships on
their way to success.
2. Translate the sentence.
???????????,?????????,???????????????
39
Detailed Reading_t14-15_So is the assistant
So is the assistant sales manager who fills in
for the boss in an emergency.
Detailed Reading
What does this sentence imply?
The assistant sales manager who has worked
diligently may also be lucky if he is given the
place of the boss in an emergency.
40
Detailed Reading_t14-15_ In the Olympics
In the Olympics in everything luck strikes
those prepared to capitalize on it.
Detailed Reading
1. What does strike mean here?
Strike means fall on.
2. What does capitalize on mean?
Capitalize on means use a situation or
something good that you have, in order to get an
advantage for yourself.
3. Translate the sentence.
?????????????????????????
41
Detailed Reading_ spectator
spectator n. an observer of an event someone
who is watching an event or game
Detailed Reading
Spectators cheered and clapped as the ship came
into the harbor.
In the discus-throwing when his turn came and he
hurled the heavy missile, it swerved and fell
among the spectators.
??????????????
The match attracted over 40,000 spectators.
42
Detailed Reading_ groan1
  • groan
  • vi. to make a long deep sound because of pain,
    upset, or
  • disappointment

Detailed Reading
The other people in the queue had obviously been
waiting longer than I and were moaning and
groaning.
??????????, ?????
The wounded man lay there groaning, with no one
to help him.
43
Detailed Reading_ groan 2
2. n. a long deep sound one makes when he is in
pain or does not want to do sth.
Detailed Reading
The crowd let out a groan when the ball was
dropped and the other team scored.
The little girl let out a groan of protest at
having to go to bed.
The door opened with a groan.
Collocation
groan out ????????
44
Detailed Reading_evaporate1
evaporate 1. vt. to (cause to) change into
steam and disappear
Detailed Reading
?????????????
The sun evaporates moisture on the leaves.
This gets the oil hot enough to evaporate any
moisture that reacts to form acids in the engine.
2. vi. to change into vapor to disappear or
vanish
???,?????,???,??????????
When you cook rice, bring the rice to the boil
and continue to cook until most of the water has
evaporated.
Hopes of achieving peace are beginning to
evaporate.
45
Detailed Reading_ tumble
tumble 1. vi. to fall down quickly and suddenly
, especially with a rolling movement
Detailed Reading
A few stones came tumbling down the cliff.
She lost her balance and tumbled backwards.
The interest rates tumbled to their lowest level
for 25 years.
2. n. a fall, especially one from a height
Its possible that stocks could take a tumble
next year.
After a lifetime in politics he knows all about
the rough and tumble of public life.
46
Detailed Reading_ spin1
spin 1. vt. to cause to rotate swiftly to
twirl
Detailed Reading
The village has a reputation for spinning fine
wool yarn.
He spins the ball well, and is very impressive
indeed.
2. vi. to turn round and round fast to rotate
rapidly
The ice skater began to spin faster and faster.
?????????????, ?????
The heavy blow sent the enemy spinning to the
ground.
47
Detailed Reading_ spin2
Detailed Reading
????????????? ?????,????????????
?????????????????????? ????
rotate????,????????,????? ??????,???
rotate???????
A planet turning on its axis.
?????????????
The top rotated with decreasing speed as the
spring wound down.
????????,????????
The earth revolves around the sun.
????????
48
Detailed Reading_ spin3
????????????? ???????????????
????????,????????????
Detailed Reading
The flood waters swirled wildly under the bridge.
????????????
The milliner swirled tulle lavishly above the
brim of the hat.
??????????????????
The wheels were spinning in the mud, but the car
wouldnt move.
????????,??????
49
Detailed Reading_ consultant
consultant n. one who gives expert or
professional advice
Detailed Reading
Mr. Brown Smith has left his job as a computer
programmer and is working as a consultant for a
German firm.
The consultant told Jean that an operation was
necessary to save her life.
50
Detailed Reading_ mount1
mount 1. vt. 1) to go up to climb a step or
stairs
Detailed Reading
He mounted the stairs and looked around him
slowly.
A car suddenly mounted the pavement to avoid a
vehicle coming in the opposite direction.
2) to place or fix on or in the appropriate
support or setting for display or study
John mounted his newly bought stamps in his album.
Entries to the photography competition should be
mounted on white paper.
51
Detailed Reading_ mount2
2. vi. to go upward to rise to increase in
amount, extent, or intensity
Detailed Reading
Casualties on both sides of the battle have
continued to mount.
As the General Election approaches, problems
start to mount.
Collocations
mount photographs ????? mount
the stairs ??? mount a map
on paper ?????? mount guards
???? mount an attack
????
52
Detailed Reading_ mount3
?????????,????? ????,?????,???????????????
????,????,??????????????,??
???????? ???ascend??,???????????????
???????mount???
Detailed Reading
The four-year-old boy easily ascended the stairs
to the bedroom.
????????????????????
Do you think you can climb up the steep cliff?
???????????????????
The soldiers stood beside their horses, waiting
for the order to mount.
??????????,?????????
53
Detailed Reading_ visualize
visualize vt. to form a mental image of to
envisage
Detailed Reading
I tried to visualize the house while he was
describing it.
An architect can look at a drawing and visualize
a three-dimensional shape.
???????,?????????????
Michael closed his eyes, trying to visualize
where he had put his watch.
Mary visualized John getting angry when she told
him about the damage.
54
Detailed Reading_ represent
represent vt. to stand for or symbolizeto
officially speak or take action for another
person or group of people
Detailed Reading
Her greatest ambition was to represent her
country at the Olympics.
The museum had several paintings representing the
artists early style.
???????
The bald eagle represents the United States.
55
Detailed Reading_ gymnast
gymnast n. a person who is trained and skilled
in gymnastics, especially one who engages in
competition.
Detailed Reading
John had become an enthusiastic gymnast,
impressing his friends with his strength and
sleek fluidity in motion.
Top-flight gymnasts practice eight hours a day
for decades.
56
Detailed Reading_ press1
  • press
  • 1. n.
  • journalism in general the collecting and
    publishing or
  • broadcasting of news

Detailed Reading
There was a lot of speculation in the press that
the Prime Minister was about to resign.
Do you think the press has too much influence on
politics?
2) The people involved in the media, as news
reporters, photographers, publishers, and
broadcasters
Make sure the local press are there to hear my
speech.
Princess Diana was followed by the press wherever
she went.
57
Detailed Reading_ press 2
2. vt. to exert steady weight or force against
to bear down on
Detailed Reading
Mary pressed the gas pedal and the car leapt
forwards.
To get coffee, put your money in the machine and
press the green button.
Press Ctrl Alt Delete to log on to the
computer.
Collocations
press conference ????? press
communiqué ???? freedom of the press
???? press for
?? press ahead with ????
58
Detailed Reading_ gym
  • gym n.
  • gymnasium a special building or room that has
    equipment
  • for doing physical exercise

Detailed Reading
John goes to the gym to do weight training
several times a week.
It was raining, so we had to play football in the
gym this afternoon.
2) exercises that people do indoors for physical
development and as a sport, especially at
school
She kept asking her gym teacher, imploring until
her enthusiasm wedged her into the program.
We put on our gym shoes and trooped out to the
gym in silence.
59
Detailed Reading_ eloquent
  • eloquent adj.
  • able to express ideas and opinions readily and
    well, so that
  • the hearers are influenced

Detailed Reading
Maria is an eloquent speaker, able to move and
inspire audiences.
Martin Luther King was an eloquent speaker,
famous for his speech I Have a Dream.
2) showing a feeling or meaning without using
words
The photographs are an eloquent reminder of the
horrors of war.
The healthy appearance of the children is
eloquent of the wealth of the nation.
60
Detailed Reading_ initial
initial 1. adj. happening at the beginning
Detailed Reading
I was only involved in the initial stages of the
planning.
In the initial stages, the researcher needs to
understand the market and the clients position
and objectives.
2. n. the first letter of a proper name
What are the names of the rivers marked by
initials on the map?
His initials are DPH they stand for David Perry
Hallworth.
3. vt. to write ones initials on a document to
make it official or to show that one
agrees with sth.
The two countries have initialed a new defense
cooperation agreement.
If you alter something you have written on a
check, you must initial the change.
61
Detailed Reading_ consecutive1
consecutive adj. following in regular unbroken
order
Detailed Reading
Inflation fears and rising interest rates sent
the stock market plummeting to its fourth
consecutive loss yesterday.
?????????????
The company has made a profit for seven
consecutive years.
62
Detailed Reading_ consecutive2
??????????,?????? ?????????,?????????????
????,????????????????
????????????,??????
???????????
Detailed Reading
Recently the young couple have continual
arguments with each other for trifles.
??????????????????
She suffered a continuous bout of illness lasting
six months.
??????????
The school team won five successive games.
??????????????
The streets of New York City are numbered in
consecutive order.
???????????
63
Detailed Reading_ embody
  • embody vt.
  • to represent in bodily or material form to be a
    very good
  • example of an idea or quality

Detailed Reading
As John embodied the old style, Bill embodied the
new.
????????????????
Language can embody various thoughts and feelings.
2) to include something to make part of a system
or whole to incorporate
The latest model embodies many new improvements.
???????????????
This book embodies the works of many young
writers.
64
Detailed Reading_ confess1
confess vt. to admit sth. that one feels
embarrassed about
Detailed Reading
Mary confessed that she didnt really know how to
work the computer.
Occasionally people confess to crimes they
havent committed just to get attention.
Edwards confessed to being a spy for the KGB.
65
Detailed Reading_ confess2
??????????? ???????????????????????
???????????????????,??????? ??????
????,???????????????,?????? ?????
Detailed Reading
He acknowledged that the purchase had been a
mistake.
???????????????
There are some faults which men readily admit,
but others not so readily.
???????????,???????????
I have to confess that I lied to you.
???????????
66
Detailed Reading_ confess2
Detailed Reading
??????????? ?????,?????,????????????
?,??????? ????????????????????
British medical qualifications are recognized in
Canada.
????????????????
The lawyer refused to concede that the two cases
were at all similar.
?????????????????
67
Detailed Reading_ poignant
poignant adj. producing a sharp feeling of pity
or sadness
Detailed Reading
Several months after we first met, she tells me a
revealing and poignant story of her first day at
college.
The differences between rich and poor are perhaps
most significant, most visible, and most poignant
in the lives of children.
Collocations
a poignant question ????? poignant
anxiety ????? poignant regret ????? poignant
remarks ????? poignant sarcasm ????? poignant
suggestions ?????
68
Detailed Reading_ agonizing
agonizing adj. extremely painful
Detailed Reading
There was one present which gave Maria the most
agonizing decision of her young life.
???,????????????????
A year later he died after suffering months of
agonizing pain.
69
Detailed Reading_ hobble
hobble 1. vi. to walk with difficulty,
especially because your legs or feet
hurt
Detailed Reading
He grabbed the walking stick and hobbled to the
side of the pond.
My knee was stiff and painful, and I could only
hobble.
2. vt. to deliberately make sure that a plan,
system etc cannot work successfully
Many start-ups are hobbled by a lack of
sufficient capital.
During the only game Florida State lost this
season, he was hobbled by a badly sprained ankle.
Both were survival-of-the-fittest capitalists who
were deliberately hobbled by government.
70
Detailed Reading_ limp1
limp 1. vi. to walk with an uneven step, one
foot or leg moving less well than the
other
Detailed Reading
I noticed that one of the horses was limping, and
called for the vet.
Sally limped painfully over to a chair and sat
down.
2. adj. not firm or strong lacking strength or
stiffness
The green beans were limp from overcooking.
His body suddenly went limp and he fell down on
the floor.
The heat was too much for her, and she went limp
and fell to the ground.
71
Detailed Reading_ limp2
Detailed Reading
3. n. a way of walking with one foot dragging
unevenly
He was old and almost bald and he walked with a
limp, but his eyes were very bright and blue.
The only sign of his accident is that he walks
with a slight limp.
She noticed for the first time that he had a
slight limp.
Collocations
limp handshake ????? limp
opposition ????? limp shirt collar
???????? walk with a limp
??????
72
Detailed Reading_ deafening
deafening adj. very loud making deaf,
especially for a short time
Detailed Reading
When she finished speaking, the applause was
deafening.
Outside there was a deafening crash of thunder.
In that same instant, the deafening crash of
gunfire filled the narrow alley.
73
Detailed Reading_ falter
falter vi. to become weaker and unable to
continue in an effective way
Detailed Reading
The economy is showing signs of faltering.
If we could cut off these lines of communication,
their attack would usually falter.
Lauries voice faltered as she tried to thank him.
74
Detailed Reading_ relentless1
relentless adj. strict, cruel, or determined,
without ever stopping endless not ceasing
constant
Detailed Reading
Its history has a message for evolution that the
existence of any creature is a constant struggle
against relentless forces.
Ridges success is due to a relentless pursuit of
perfection.
But friends believe she had had enough of the
relentless pressure of the twice-weekly program.
75
Detailed Reading_ relentless2
?????,?????? ?????????????????????????
??? cruel?, ?????????????
????,???,????????
????,??????????????,? ???? ??
Detailed Reading
The cruel master beat his slaves with a whip.
????????????
The brutal soldiers beat their prisoners
ruthlessly.
?????????????
His reluctance to rescue the drowning child was
viewed as a ruthless behavior.
????????????????????
Her critiques were relentless but very revealing.
????????????????
76
Detailed Reading_ count1
count 1. vi. to be important or valuable
Detailed Reading
Every penny counts in the battle to save the
rainforests.
First impressions really do count.
2. vt. 1) to calculate the total number of
things or people in a group
I was amazed at the number of plants I counted
147.
I sat down with the Financial Times and tried to
count how many people were actually smoking
underneath no-smoking signs.
77
Detailed Reading_ count2
2) to include someone or sth. in a total
Detailed Reading
There are more than two thousand of us, not
counting the crew.
I count John and Mary among my closest friends.
3) to consider someone or sth. in a particular way
You should count yourself lucky that you werent
hurt.
Collocations
keep count of ???? on all counts
????? at the last count
????? count sb. in
?????? count on ??
78
After Reading_1.1
chances evaporated
1. ???????
Useful Expressions
2. ????
flash a dazzling smile
Compound Dictation
3. ????
spirited recovery
Group Discussion
4. ???????
firm inner fiber
Writing Practice
5. ?????
mount the winners stand
Optional Classroom Activities
6. ???????
a world-class athlete
7. ?????????
burn inside them
Proverbs and Quotations
8. ????????????
narrowly miss a gold medal
the most psychologically challenging race
9. ?????????
10. ??
take shape
11. ??????
a major competition
call the time to the split second
12. ?????????
79
After Reading_1.2
in an emergency
13. ??????
Useful Expressions
tremendously poignant moment
14. ?????????
Compound Dictation
deafening applause
15. ???????
Group Discussion
aim high
16. ????
Writing Practice
make their own luck
17. ????
Optional Classroom Activities
perform poorly
18. ????
Proverbs and Quotations
train like crazy
19. ??????
go through a grind
20. ????
head for
21. ??
fill in for
22. ????
year after year
23. ????
capitalize on
24. ??
80
After Reading_2_2
Directions Listen to the following passage and
fill the blanks.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
The Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic
Games
Like the five Olympic rings, the five Fuwas serve
as the official mascots of Beijing 2008 Olympic
Games. The mascots carry a of
friendship, peace, and from China
to children all over the world.
blessings
message
________
________
81
After Reading_2_3
They are five little children who form an
circle of friends. One of them
the Olympic Flame and the others
represent the natural
of four of Chinas most popular animals the
Fish, the Panda, the Tibetan Antelope and the
Swallow. The five Fuwas also both
the and the dreams of people
from every part of the vast country of China. In
their origins and their headpieces,
intimate
_______
Useful Expressions
embodies
________
characteristics
Compound Dictation
____________
Group Discussion
embody
_______
Writing Practice

landscape
_________
Optional Classroom Activities
you can see the five elements of nature the sea,
forest, fire, earth and sky
__________________________________________________
__________.
Proverbs and Quotations
In China,
.
Each of the five Fuwas symbolizes a different
blessing.

as the mascots
carry their invitation to Beijing 2008 to every
part of the world.
82
After Reading_2_pop
Like the five Olympic rings, the five Fuwas serve
as the official mascots of Beijing 2008 Olympic
Games. The mascots carry a message of friendship,
peace, and blessings from China to children all
over the world. They are five little children who
form an intimate circle of friends. One of them
embodies the Olympic Flame and the others
represent the natural characteristics of four of
Chinas most popular animals the Fish, the
Panda, the Tibetan Antelope and the Swallow. The
five Fuwas also embody both the landscape and the
dreams of people from every part of the vast
country of China. In their origins and their
headpieces, you can see the five elements of
nature the sea, forest, fire, earth and sky. In
China, there is a tradition of spreading good
wishes through signs and symbols. Each of the
five Fuwas symbolizes a different blessing.
Prosperity, happiness, passion, health and good
luck will be spread to every continent as the
mascots carry their invitation to Beijing 2008 to
every part of the world.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice

Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
83
After Reading_3
The text listed the five factors that make the
world champions 1) They had a dream 2) Theyre
fired up 3) They aim high 4) They never quit
5) They make their own luck. In a group of three
or four, discuss which of the five qualities is
the most important one that makes the world
champions. You may conclude that there is another
factor that is more important that the five
listed. If so, name it, and illustrate your point
with proper examples.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
84
After Reading_4
In the text, the author discussed the topic what
makes world champions, using the techniques of
listing and exemplification. You are required to
write on the topic What Makes Good Teachers,
with an attempt to imitate the two writing
techniques.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Reference
Proverbs and Quotations
85
After Reading_4_pop1
What Makes Good Teachers? I have had a lot of
teachers in my life. Many of them have left me
deep impressions. I learned a lot from them, not
only in academic knowledge but also in character
development. As far as I am concerned, good
teachers have three important qualities. First of
all, they are knowledgeable. One of my middle
school teachers, in my mind, seems to have a
profound understanding about mathematics, the
subject he taught, and also a wide range of
knowledge about history, geography, philosophy
and even psychology. He often associated
mathematic problem-solving with other subjects.
We all enjoyed his class. Secondly, good teachers
are highly responsible. They are rigorous and
make adequate preparations for classes. My
Chinese teacher in secondary school talked with
each of us about how to polish our compositions,
which benefited us a lot in writing. Thirdly,
good teachers make creative use of teaching
techniques. They are
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
86
After Reading_4_pop2
flexible in the use of teaching methods. Our
physics teacher in high school even danced in the
class to demonstrate a physics principle. I still
remember the class as well as the physics
principle. There are perhaps many other
qualities that make good teachers, but for me the
three mentioned above are the most important
ones. Good teachers are respected, admired and
loved by all students.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
87
After Reading_5.1_1
Directions In the map below, you are shown the
host cities of the Olympics
from 1896 to 2008. Study the map
carefully and complete the following table with
the information it provides.
In each column, write down the
names of the Olympic host cities and countries
in that region. Place them in
sequence together with their
dates. The first one has been done for you.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
88
After Reading_5.1_2






Europe
America
Oceania
Africa
Asia
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
1896 Athens, Greece
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Hints for Task 1
Proverbs and Quotations
Since this activity needs some geographical and
historical knowledge, the following steps may be
taken
1. 2.
Refer to a world map and have a quick review of
the names of the continents, major countries and
their capital cities and Try to recognize those
host countries and their corresponding capital
cities in the map given.
Answers for reference
89
After Reading_5.1_2_pop1





Europe
Africa
Oceania

America
Asia
Useful Expressions
1896 Athens, Greece
1904 St. Louis, USA
1964 Tokyo Japan
1956 Melbourne, Australia
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
1900 Paris, France
1932 Los Angeles, USA
1988, Seoul, Korea
Writing Practice
1908 London, Britain
2000, Sydney, Australia
Optional Classroom Activities
1968 Mexico City, Mexico
2008, Beijing, China
1912 Stockholm, Sweden
Proverbs and Quotations
1976 Montreal, Canada
1920 Antwerp, Belgium
1924 Paris, France
1984 Los Angeles, USA
1928 Amsterdam, Netherlands
90
After Reading_5.1_2_pop2





Europe
Africa
Oceania

America
Asia
Useful Expressions
1996 Atlanta, USA
1936 Berlin, Germany
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
1948 London, Britain
Writing Practice
1952 Helsinki, Finland
Optional Classroom Activities
1960 Rome, Italy
Proverbs and Quotations
1972 Munich, Germany
1980 Moscow, Russia
1992 Barcelona, Spain
2004 Athens, Greece
91
After Reading_5.2
Directions Work in groups of three or four and
discuss the following
questions
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
1) 2) 3)
How are the host cities distributed in these five
continents? What factor(s) may have caused such
distribution? Which Olympic years are missing in
your table? Why were there no Olympic Games in
those years?
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
Answers for reference
92
After Reading_5.2_pop
How are the host cities distributed in these five
continents? Out of the total 26 host cities, 15
are in Europe, 6 in America, or more exactly, in
North America, 3 in Asia, and the last 2 in
Oceania, or rather Australia. What factor(s) may
have caused such distribution? Many factors might
have caused this distribution, but the major
factor should be a nations economic power as
well as its political influence. All the host
cities are located in better developed countries.
That is why no country in Africa and South
America has ever hosted the Olympic Games, while
60 of the host cities are distributed in Europe.
Apart from economic power and political
influence, there might be other factors such as
climate, social environment, and
transportation. Which Olympic years are missing
in your table? Why were there no Olympic Games in
those years? Three Olympic years are missing
1916, 1940 and 1944, because in 1916 the First
World War was going on, and the years from
1939-1945 (including 1940 and 1944) witnessed the
Second World War.
1)
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
2)
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
Proverbs and Quotations
3)
93
After Reading_6_1
1. The first element of success is the
determination to succeed.
Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
????????????????
Group Discussion
2. A life without a purpose is a ship without a
rudder.
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
?????,????????
3. Care and diligence bring luck.
Proverbs and Quotations
???????????
4. Courage and resolution are the spirit and soul
of virtue.
????????????
94
After Reading_6_2
Useful Expressions
5. Each man is the architect of his own fate.
Compound Dictation
??????????
Group Discussion
6. Sports serve society by providing vivid
examples of excellence.
George F. Will, American editor and columnist
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
?????????????????????
????????? ??F??
Proverbs and Quotations
7. The athlete makes himself the coach doesnt
make the athlete.
Bill Bowerman, a legendary
coach
at the University of Oregon
?????????,????????
????????? ?????
95
After Reading_6_3
Useful Expressions
8. Throughout its history, the International
Olympic Committee has struggled to spread
its ideal of fraternity, friendship, peace
and universal understanding.
Juan Antonio Samaranch, former
president of the
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Compound Dictation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice
Optional Classroom Activities
??????????????????????????????????????
???????? ??????????
Proverbs and Quotations
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