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Production Operations Management

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Production Operations Management Introduction to POM U. Akinc POM Productivity What is it to POM? What is it to a Company? What does it Mean to You? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Production Operations Management


1
Production Operations Management
  • Introduction to POM
  • U. Akinc

2
POM
  • Productivity
  • What is it to POM?
  • What is it to a Company?
  • What does it Mean to You?
  • Production/ Operations Management
  • What?
  • Who?
  • Business Strategy and Operations Management

3
Productivity
  • Definition
  • Economic output per unit of input
  • Productivity Output/Input (resource)

4
US. Productivity Trends
  • 600 since 1900
  • 2.6 between 1945 - 1973
  • 1.2 between 1973 - 1980
  • 1.0 between 1980 1990
  • 2.5 after 1990

5
Recent US Productivity Changes
6
Productivity Trends
7
International Comparisons
8
International Comparisons
9
Pressures on Productivity
  • Why Does Productivity Have to Grow?
  • Aging Population

10
Pressures on Productivity
  • Why Does Productivity Have to Grow?
  • Aging Population
  • Environmental Demands

11
Pressures on Productivity
  • Why Does Productivity Have to Grow?
  • Aging Population
  • Environmental Demands
  • Global Competition

12
Pressures on Productivity
  • Why Does Productivity Have to Grow?
  • Aging Population
  • Environmental Demands
  • Global Competition
  • Social Pressures

13
Sources of productivity?
  • Where does productivity come from?
  • Capital
  • Technology
  • Better Management of Resources
  • Specialization
  • Macro (Organizational)
  • Micro

14
Organizational Goals
  • Why do organizations exist?
  • An alliance of at least
  • Labor
  • Management
  • Stockholders
  • Organizational Goals
  • Productive use of resources

15
Operations
  • Activities that organizations perform to achieve
    their goals.
  • Definition
  • Activities aimed at bringing about goal oriented
    changes by designing and using processes.

16
Processes
  • Any set of activities that use resources,
    transform and add value to deliver one or more
    outputs to its customers.
  • Processes can be nested.. A process may include
    one or more sub processes

17
(No Transcript)
18
Porters Value Chain
19
Domain of POM (WHAT?)
  • Determining the Desired Outputs
  • Determining the Necessary Inputs
  • Determining the Technology Necessary
  • Planning and Controlling the
  • quality
  • availability
  • cost of Work Processes and Their Results
  • Delivery and Distribution of the Output

20
POM Decisions
21
The Professionals (WHO?)
22
WHAT? Design
  • Many of the design functions are strategic
  • Facilities design
  • Locations
  • Sizes
  • Layouts
  • Equipment
  • Transportation means
  • Product/Product Line
  • Management Systems

23
WHAT? Planning
  • Determining the ways in which the productive
    facility will be used
  • Demand Forecasting
  • Production Planning
  • Material Requirements Planning
  • Inventory Planning
  • Staffing Needs
  • Equipment Needs

24
WHAT? Scheduling
  • Determining the time and the resources with which
    the tasks will be performed.
  • Examples
  • Assignment of specific customer orders to
    individual machines or individuals
  • Assignment of workers to work centers
  • Sequencing of work
  • Vehicle Dispatching

25
WHAT? Control
  • Determining the degree of match between actual
    and planned outcomes
  • Examples
  • Quality Control
  • Conformance
  • Design
  • Materials Control (Inventory Control)
  • Equipment Control (Maintenance)
  • Cost Control (Variance Analysis)
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