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Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447


Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447 Spring 07 Region 104-Intermediate Referee Course * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 6/1/06: Changed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region 104/1447

Intermediate Referee Training AYSO Region
  • Friday
  • 615 Introduction
  • 630 - 700 Review Sample Test
  • 700 - 800 The Referee Team
  • Break
  • 815 - 1000 Fouls, Misconduct Foul Play
  • Saturday
  • 900-1100 Field Session at Montgomery Park
  • - Diagonal System of Control
  • - Offside How to be an AR
  • 1100-1200 Lunch
  • 1200-100 Diagonal System of Control, Offside
  • How to be an AR (classroom)
  • 100-200 Interactions with Coaches, Players
  • Break
  • 210-250 AYSO National Referee program
  • 300 Exam

AYSO Region 104 Intermediate Referee Course
  • This clinic provides additional training for the
    Regional Referee and is oriented toward U-11
  • Please legibly fill out
  • The attendance roster (left side info only),
  • The Referee Contact Information card,
  • A volunteer application, and
  • An Application for Referee Certification form
    (top part)
  • Volunteer application must be completed by every
    volunteer, every year
  • Not needed if youve completed it since start of
    season (Aug 1st)
  • If youre from another region, please indicate
    your region on the sign-in roster

Intermediate Referee Certification Requirements
  • CR 25 or more games, with at least 5 games in
  • Attend the Intermediate Referee Course
  • Modules 14 through 19
  • Pass the Intermediate Ref. Exam (min score of
  • Receive a mentoring observation as a CR
  • Must be done by a certified assessor
  • Get recommendation for upgrade by your Regional
    Ref. Administrator or Regional Director of Ref.
  • For Region 104 thats Dave Lauben or Cynthia
    Nuttall, respectively
  • Complete the AYSO Application for Referee
    Certification and have it signed by Area Referee
    Administrator (Jon Rogers)
  • Send completed application to AYSO National
  • AYSO National will mail the Intermediate Referee
    Badge to you

Benefits and Expectations as an Intermediate
  • At the end of this clinic, students from Region
    104 will receive a gold (yellow) referee jersey
  • If needed, additional referee supplies are
    available for Region 104 referees for the new
  • Referees are requested to center at least 8 games
    over the next year
  • Typically 8 over next 12 months
  • Games should be
  • At the U-11 or higher level
  • In Region 104 regular season play

Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam
Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam
Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam
Midway through the 1st half (or end of 1st qtr)
Midway through the 2nd half (or end of 3rd qtr)
For an injured player
The moment the ball is played (or touched) by a
Intermediate Ref. Exam (cont)
Review of the Sample Intermediate Referee Exam
Module 14 The Referee Team
The Referee Team
  • The Referee Team evolved with the game
  • Officials originally introduced in soccer as
    representatives of teams
  • Teams demanded a neutral opinion and the official
    stood on the side of the field
  • The official eventually was brought onto the
    field and 2 assistants added on the touchline
  • As more unsporting acts were committed by
    players, the diagonal system was developed to
    have 2 sets of eyes on the players and facilitate
    game control
  • The Diagonal System of Control is the most widely
    used system and is the only system recognized by
    FIFA and AYSO

Duties of the Referee
  • Laws 5 and 6 (The Referee and Assistant Referee,
  • Duties of the Referee
  • Enforces the Laws of the Game
  • Controls the match in cooperation with the
    assistant referees and where applicable, with the
    fourth official - They are a team!
  • Ensures that any ball used meets the requirements
    of Law 2
  • Ensures that the players equipment meets the
    requirements of Law 4
  • Acts as timekeeper and keeps a record of the

Duties of the Referee (cont.)
  • Has discretionary power to stop, suspend, or
    terminate play for any infringement of the Laws
  • Stop Play will continue as soon as a restart is
  • Suspend Play will not continue until conditions
    the referee has stipulated have been satisfied.
  • Terminate Play will not continue under any
  • Has discretionary power to stop, suspend, or
    terminate play because of outside interference of
    any kind
  • Stops for injury.
  • In AYSO this means at any time

Duties of the Referee (cont.)
  • Ensures that any player that is bleeding from a
    wound leaves the field of play
  • Allows play to continue when the team against
    which an offense has been committed will benefit
    from such an advantage but penalizes the original
    offense if the anticipated advantage is not
    gained or maintained at that time (Advantage)
  • Punishes the more serious offense when a player
    commits more than one offense at the same time

Duties of the Referee (cont.)
  • Takes disciplinary action against players guilty
    of cautionable and sending-off offenses. He is
    not obliged to take this action immediately but
    must do so when the ball next goes out of play
  • Takes action against team officials who fail to
    conduct themselves in a responsible manner and
    may at his discretion dismiss them from the field
    of play and its immediate area
  • Acts on the advice of (neutral) assistant
    referees regarding incidents which he has not
  • Ensures that no unauthorized persons enter the
    field of play

Duties of the Referee (cont.)
  • Restarts the match after it has been stopped
  • Provides the appropriate authorities with a match
    report which includes information on any
    disciplinary action taken against players and/or
    team officials and any other incidents which
    occurred before, during or after the match.

Duties of the Assistant Referee
  • Duties of the Assistant Referee
  • Indicates when a player may be penalized for
    being in an offside position
  • Indicates when misconduct or other incident has
    occurred out of sight of the referee
  • Indicates when a substitution is requested
  • Assists the referee to control the game. Most
    commonly, this includes helping with pre-game
    duties and confirming goals
  • When supplying information to the referee,
    assistant referees simply report the referee

Referee and AR Positioning
  • Dynamic play
  • Right or left diagonal
  • Referee position
  • AR position
  • Ball over touchline (AR quadrant)
  • Throw In across halfway line
  • Goal scored
  • Set plays
  • Goal kicks
  • Corner kicks
  • Kick off

The Referee Team
  • Pre-game meeting
  • Indicate diagonal (R/L) to be used
  • Offside
  • Fouls seen by AR
  • Timekeeping and score keeping
  • Substitution control
  • Set plays Goal Kick, Corner Kick, Kick-off
  • Half-time post game
  • Enter/leave field together
  • Discuss game issues, changes
  • Complete paperwork
  • Communication is key for effective game control
    by the Referee Team

The Referee Team Philosophy
  • AYSO Rules Regulations 1.D.5
  • The Laws of the game are intended to provide that
    games should be played with as little
    interference as possible, and in this view it is
    the duty of the referees to penalize only
    deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant
    whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches
    produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the
    part of the players and spoils the pleasure of

  • gtgt Break Time ltlt
  • 10 Minutes Please
  • Instructors will collect your Volunteer
    Application Form (if needed) and Referee Contact
    Information Card
  • Please fill out the Referee Attendance Roster
    form is you have done so already.

Module 15 Fouls, Misconduct and Foul Play,
Intermediate (Law 12)
Fouls and Misconduct
  • Law 12 is divided into Fouls Misconduct
  • Fouls are committed by players, on the field of
    play when the ball is in play against an
    opponent. The referee stops play.
  • Misconduct may be committed by any player or
    substitute, can occur before, during or after the
    game, with the ball in or out of play, anywhere
    on or off the field.
  • There are two types of fouls, direct free kick
    offenses (penal) and indirect free kick offenses

What is a Foul?
  • An unfair or unsafe act
  • by a player,
  • against an opponent (or the opposing team),
  • on the field of play, and
  • while the ball is in play.

Direct Free Kick Offenses
  • There are ten direct free kick (penal) offenses
  • Six of these apply when players commit acts in a
    manner considered by the referee to be careless,
    reckless or using excessive force.
  • The other four are based on if the act occurred

DFK Offenses (cont.)
  • Six actions based on the act involving careless,
    reckless or using excessive force
  • Kicking an opponent
  • Tripping an opponent
  • Jumping at an opponent
  • Charging an opponent
  • Striking an opponent
  • Pushing an opponent
  • May also include the attempt of the act
  • Four actions based on if the act occurred
  • Making contact with an opponent prior to
    contacting the ball
  • Holding an opponent
  • Spitting at an opponent
  • Deliberately handling the ball

DFK Offenses Careless, Reckless Excessive Force
  • Careless - The player did not exercise due
    caution in making a play.
  • Careless regular foul
  • Reckless The players actions were unnatural
    (to fair play) and designed to intimidate an
    opponent, gain unfair advantage, or unreasonable
    risk of injury to opponent.
  • Reckless Caution
  • Excess force player far exceeded the use of
    force necessary to make a fair play for the ball
    and created considerable danger of bodily harm to
  • Excessive Force Send Off

Striking an Opponent
  • Direct contact using hand, arm, elbow, head,
    knee, or by throwing and object (including the
  • Occurs where contact is made or attempted with
    the opponent.
  • Striking (as with kicking and spitting) should
    normally be considered misconduct.

Fair Charging
  • Fair charge usually means shoulder to shoulder,
    but not a requirement.
  • When heights weights vary greatly, a fair
    charge may not be possible.
  • Fair charge can result in charged player falling
    to the ground.
  • Fair charge must be directed toward the area of
    the shoulder and not the center of the opponents
    back (the spinal area).
  • Not a violation of Law 12 for two players to
    charge the same opponent simultaneously, though
    each charge must be considered individually, and
    is conducted fairly and legally.

Charging the Goalkeeper
  • Referees must carefully observe any charge
    against the goalkeeper (not in possession of the
    ball) if the charge is
  • Careless, reckless, or with excessive force
    (direct free kick)
  • Performed in a dangerous manner (indirect free
  • Prevent the goalkeeper from releasing the ball
    from the hands (indirect free kick).
  • Charging the keeper who is in possession (with
    hands) of the ball is prohibited.

Charging an Opponent Away From the Ball
  • A player who charges an opponent in an otherwise
    legal manner, (not carelessly, recklessly, nor
    with excessive force) but with the ball not
    within playing distance has infringed the law.
  • Such an off the ball charge is considered a
    form of impeding the progress of an opponent
    (though contact has occurred) and is penalized
    with an indirect free kick restart for the
    opposing team.
  • If the referee considers the charge to be
    careless, recklessly, or involving excessive
    force, the restart is a direct free kick.

Tripping an Opponent
  • Includes moving under the opponent using the body
    to upset or upend the opponent. Also known as
  • Referee must distinguish act of tripping from
    trip resulting from fair play
  • Players may trip over or fall over an opponent as
    a result of natural play no foul.

DFK Offenses The Four Based on Committing the
  • A direct free kick is also awarded if a player
    commits any of the following four offenses
  • Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the
    ball making contact with the opponent before
    touching the ball
  • Holds an opponent
  • Spits at an opponent
  • Handles the ball deliberately
  • Exception for the goalkeeper within her own
    penalty area)

Contact with the Opponent Before Touching the Ball
  • Making contact with the opponent before the ball
    when making a tackle is unfair and should be
  • Contact with the ball first does not
    automatically mean the tackle is fair.
  • Declaration by a player (or coach/spectator) that
    he/she was playing the ball is irrelevant.

Holding an Opponent
  • Includes stretching out the arms to prevent and
    opponent form moving past or around. (under
  • A player who blatantly holds onto or pulls an
    opponent or and opponents clothing to.
  • Play the ball,
  • Gain possession of the ball
  • Prevent an opponent form playing the ball
  • should be cautioned and shown the yellow card
    for unsporting behavior.

Deliberately Handling the Ball
  • Handling the Ball Deliberate contact with the
    ball by a players hand or arm (fingertips, upper
    arm, and outer shoulder included) to direct the
  • Deliberate Contact The player could have
    avoided the touch but chose not to.
  • Moving hands or arms instinctively to protect the
    face or body does not constitute deliberate
  • Placing the hands or arms to protect the body at
    a free kick (in a wall) allowed. Subsequent
    action to direct or control the ball is a foul.

The Restart After a DFK Offense
  • The restart from a DFK (penal) offense will be a
    Direct Free Kick.
  • If that offense was committed by a defender
    inside her own penalty area, a Penalty Kick for
    the attackers is awarded.

Indirect Free Kick Offenses Goalkeeper
  • There are four IFK offenses for a goalkeeper
    inside his own penalty area
  • Takes more than six seconds while controlling the
    ball with his hands before releasing it from his
  • Touches the ball again with his hands after
    releasing it from his possession and before it
    has been touched by any other player.
  • Touches the ball with his hands after it has been
    deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate.
  • Touches the ball with his hands after he has
    received it directly from a throw-in taken by a

Second Handling Touch by the Goalkeeper
  • A goalkeeper who has taken hand control of the
    ball then released ball back into play, may not
    handle the ball again until it has been played
  • 1) an opponent anywhere on the field, or
  • 2) by a teammate who is outside the penalty area.
  • This includes parrying the ball, but excludes an
    accidental rebound or a save.

Ball Played to the Goalkeeper from Teammate
  • Occurs when a goalkeeper touches the ball with
    his hands directly after it has been deliberately
    kicked to him by a teammate. Also applies to
    when the goalkeeper receives the ball from a
    throw in by a teammate.
  • Does not include situations in which the ball has
    been accidentally deflected or misdirected.

Indirect Free Kick Offenses Applying to Any Player
  • The following three IFK offenses apply to any
  • Plays in a dangerous manner
  • Impedes the progress of an opponent
  • Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball
    from his hands
  • Also, an IFK results from any other offense for
    which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a

Dangerous Play
  • The act, in the opinion of the referee, meets
    three criteria
  • Dangerous to someone (including player who commit
    the act)
  • Committed with an opponent close by
  • The action caused the opponent to cease active
    play for the ball or to be otherwise
    disadvantaged by the attempt not to participate
    in the dangerous play.
  • It is an offense only when an opponent is
    adversely affected, usually because the opponent
    cant fairly (safely) challenge for the ball as a
    direct result of the players act.

Dangerous Play (cont.)
  • A player playing in a dangerous manner has not
    committed a foul if there was no opponent is
    nearby (e.g. near only teammates).
  • Remember, fouls can only be committed against
    opponents or the opposing team.
  • Take into account the experience and skill level
    of the players
  • Playing with cleats up in a threatening or
    intimidating manner is more likely to be judged
    as a dangerous play in youth matches, without
    regard to the reaction of the opponents.

Goalkeeper Possession of the Ball
  • The goalkeeper is in possession of the ball while
    bouncing it on the ground or while throwing it
    into the air.
  • Means possession in the keepers hands. Keeper
    may be challenged while dribbling.
  • While the ball is in possession of the keeper,
    opponent may not play or challenge for the ball.

Preventing the Goalkeeper from Releasing the Ball
into Play
  • An opponent may not interfere with or block the
    goalkeepers release of the ball into play.
  • Cannot try to block the goalkeepers movement
    while he/she is holding the ball or do anything
    which hinders, interferes with, or blocks the
    goalkeeper who is throwing or punting the ball
    back into play.

IFK Foul Restart
  • The restart from a IFK offense is an Indirect
    Free Kick.
  • If the offense was committed by a defender inside
    goal area, the ball is positioned on the goal
    area line parallel to the goal line (the 6 yard
    line) at the point nearest to where the
    infraction occurred.

Advantage Clause
  • Advantage (Law 5) - The referee allows play to
    continue when the team against which an offense
    has been committed will benefit from such an
  • Referees must avoid stopping play if doing so
    would take away a benefit from the team against
    which the offense was committed.
  • Referee Signals by raising both arms and calling
    out Advantage or Play On

General Guidelines for Advantage
  • Applies mainly to older ages in AYSO
  • Doesnt apply when a serious physical foul occurs
  • Generally appropriate in attacking 1/3 of field
  • Rarely applies in the defensive 1/3 of the field
    and only occasionally in middle 1/3 of field

Module 15 Fouls, Misconduct and Foul Play -
Misconduct (Law 12)
Misconduct Offenses
  • Two categories of misconduct offenses
  • Cautionable offenses where the yellow card is
  • Seven different offenses
  • Sending-off offenses where the red card is shown
  • Seven different offenses

Cautionable Offenses
  • A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card
    if he commits any of the following seven
  • Is guilty of unsporting behavior
  • Shows dissent by word or action
  • Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
  • Delays the restart of play
  • Fails to respect the required distance when play
    is restarted with a corner kick, free kick, or
  • Enters or re-enters the field of play without the
    referees permission
  • Deliberately leaves the field of play without the
    referees permission

Cautionable Offenses (for substitutes)
  • A substitute or substituted player is cautioned
    and shown the yellow card if he commits any of
    the following three offences
  • Is guilty of unsporting behavior
  • Shows dissent by word or action
  • Delays the restart of play

Philosophy on Cautions
  • Evaluate a players behavior based on several
  • Does the act meet the generally accepted and
    understood meaning of the offense?
  • Was the act, even if an offense, trifling?
  • Would the issuance of a caution for this
    misconduct likely have desirable results for game
    and/or player management?

Review of Send-off Offenses
  • A player, substitute, or substituted player is
    sent off and shown the red card if he commits any
    of the following seven offenses.
  • Serious foul play
  • Violent conduct
  • Spits at an opponent or any other person.
  • Denies an opponent an obvious goal-scoring
    opportunity by deliberately handling the ball
  • Denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by an
    offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty
  • Uses offensive, insulting or abusive
  • Receives a second caution in the same match

The Send-off Offenses
  • Serious foul play
  • Committed only while the ball is in play, against
    an opponent when challenging for the ball.
  • Commits one of the Law 12 fouls in a violent
  • Violent conduct
  • May be committed against teammates, coaches,
    spectators, officials, equipment, or property
    before, during or after the match.
  • Also may be committed against an opponent when
    the ball is out of play or when the ball is in
    play but the aggressing player is not challenging
    for the ball.

The Send-off Offenses (continued)
  • Spits at an opponent or any other person.
  • Denies an opponent a goal or an obvious
    goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling
    the ball
  • This does not apply to the goalkeeper within his
    own penalty area.

The Send-off Offenses (continued)
  • Denies an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an
    opponent moving toward the player's goal by an
    offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty
  • Uses offensive or insulting or abusive language
    including language or gestures.
  • This includes the use of obscene, vulgar,
    derogatory, humiliating, demeaning, or slanderous
  • Receives a second caution in the same match
  • At the time of the second caution, show the
    yellow card followed immediately by the red card

Send-off Situations
  • Almost every Advanced Referee will have to send
    off and show the red card to a player once or
    twice in his career.
  • Good referees anticipate these situations and
    defuse them, but even the best referees
    eventually meet that player who almost demands to
    be sent from the field.
  • When the time comes, referees need to know how to
    recognize it, how to handle it, how to administer
    it, and how to report it.

Guidelines for Sending-Off a Player or Substitute
  • Avoid being angry or defensive about sending off
    a player and do not take it personally.
  • Be firm in the decision to send off and do not
    show uncertainty, timidity, or ambivalence when
    doing so.
  • Attempt to isolate the player, but do not make
    physical contact.
  • Keep the field and other players in view stand
    off to the side if possible.
  • Advise the player of his misconduct and of his

Guidelines for Sending-Off a Player or Substitute
  • Show the red card by holding it straight up in
    the air and then immediately put it away.
  • If the misconduct is a second cautionable
    offense, first display the yellow card, put it
    away, then display the red card.
  • Record the misconduct and the send-off.
  • Check to be certain the offender has not only
    left the field, but also the area, and then
    restart with the appropriate method. Use an
    indirect free kick if play was stopped for the

Guidelines for Sending-Off a Player or Substitute
  • Submit a report (preferably written, or verbal if
    the region allows it) to the referee
    administrator and regional commissioner.
  • The most important aspect of the process is to
    try to analyze why it occurred and to develop
    strategies that will lesson the likelihood of it
    occurring again.
  • Simply accepting it as a necessary proof of
    authority is shortsighted. Seeing it as a
    challenge to other refereeing skills offers the
    opportunity for improvement.

Fouls and Misconduct
  • A player may carry out a combination of
    "Misconduct" and "Foul" and the referee may
    sanction one, the other, or both.
  • The position of the restart will depend upon
    where and by whom the offense or misconduct

Restarts for Misconduct
  • If play is stopped solely to deal with misconduct
    committed by a player on the field the proper
    restart is an IFK from the location of the
    misconduct (subject to Law 8 and Law 13).
  • If play stopped for a foul in addition to
    misconduct the restart is determined by the foul
  • Restart cannot be a DFK unless the reason for the
    stoppage included a DFK foul.
  • If misconduct occurs while play is stopped, the
    restart is determined by the original reason for
    the stoppage.

  • Field Session Tomorrow at Montgomery Park
  • Comanche between San Pedro San Mateo
  • Starts at 9 am
  • Meet near foot bridge
  • Bring Water and Suitable Attire
  • If bad weather, meet here at the ATC instead.

Module 18 Diagonal System of Control and Games
Tactics (classroom)
The Diagonal System of Control and Game Tactics
  • CR changes his position to maintain play between
    himself and the AR
  • At any given moment, two officials should be in
    position to view play from different angles.
  • Eye contact between CR AR is important

Game Objectives
  • Objectives change depending on field position and
    ball possession
  • SCORE The ultimate objective of the game is to
    score the most goals.
  • ADVANCE The ball must be advanced to be within
    scoring distance.
  • POSSESSION Possession of the ball must be
    maintained in order to advance within scoring
  • STOP SCORING The ultimate objective can be
    restated as preventing the opposing team from
    scoring the most goals.
  • DELAY When the opposing team gains possession
    of the ball, their advance must be delayed to
    gain time to organize the defense.
  • REGAIN Regaining possession of the ball is the
    defensive objective once the defense is organized.

Module 16 Offside Intermediate and How to Be
a Good AR (classroom)
Assistant Referee Signals Throw-in
Touch line
Throw-In for attackers
Throw-In for defenders
Goal line
AR Signals Corner Kick
Pointing toward corner Signal used for both near
and far corners
Touch line
Goal line
AR Signals Goal Kick
Goal line
Pointing toward Goal Area
Goal Area
Touch line
AR Signal Offside
Flag is held steady
Touch line
Goal line
Also could mean ball out of play
AR Signals Position of Offside Player
Goal line
Offside on the near side of the field
Offside on far side of the field
Offside in the center of the field
Touch line
AR Signals Substitution
Touch line
Goal line
AR Signal Foul
Flick or wave the flag and make eye contact with
Touch line
Goal line
After whistle, point direction at a 45 degree
angle in the direction of free kick.
AR Signals Goal/No Goal
Goal Scored
No Goal
Touch line
Move briskly toward 18 yard line and position on
Goal line
Offside Intermediate (Law 11)

Offside Position
  • For a player to be in offside position 3 things
    must be true
  • 1. The player is closer to the opponents goal
    line than the ball
  • 2. The player is in the opponents half of the
  • 3. The player is closer to the opponents goal
    line than the second last opponent
  • It is not an offense to be in an offside position
  • 05 LOTG defined closer to mean any part of the
    players head, body, or feet, (arms specifically
    excluded, previously the torso was used to judge

Offside Involvement Defined
  • A player in an offside position is only penalized
    if, at the moment the ball touches or is played
    by one of her team she is, in the opinion of the
    referee, Involved in Active Play by
  • 1. interfering with play, or
  • 2. interfering with an opponent, or
  • 3. gaining an advantage by being in that position.

Offside Area of Active Play
  • That portion of the field where players are
    directly and actively involved after the ball has
    been played.
  • The size of the area of actively play will vary
    with the movement of the ball, age of the
    players, and the speed of play.
  • The area of active play changes continually.
  • The area of active play is a guide used to
    determine offside infractions

The Restarts When Offside Does Not Apply
  • There is no offside offense if a player receives
    the ball direct from
  • A goal kick,
  • A throw-in, or
  • A corner kick

Offside/Not Offside Example 2
  • An attacker in an offside position (A), not
    interfering with an opponent, does not touch the

NOT OFFSIDE - The player cannot be penalized
because he did not touch the ball.
Offside/Not Offside Example 3
An attacker in an offside position (A) runs
towards the ball and a teammate in onside
position (B) runs also towards the ball and plays
NOT OFFSIDE - Player (A) cannot be penalized
because he did not touch the ball.
Offside/Not Offside Example 5
An attacker in an offside position (1) runs
towards the ball and does not touch the ball.
GOAL KICK (NOT OFFSIDE) - The assistant referee
should signal goal kick.
Offside/Not Offside Example 6
An attacker in an offside position (A) is
obstructing the goalkeepers line of vision.
OFFSIDE - He should be penalized because he
prevents an opponent from playing or being able
to play the ball.
Offside/Not Offside Example 7
Attacker (A) is in an offside position
NOT OFFSIDE Attacker (A) is not obstructing the
goalkeepers line of vision or making a gesture
or movement which deceives or distracts him.
Offside/Not Offside Example 9
An attacker in an offside position (A) runs
towards the ball preventing the opponent (B) from
playing or being able to play the ball.
OFFSIDE - Player (A) is making a movement which
could deceive or distract player (B).
Offside/Not Offside Example 10
The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds from the
goalkeeper to player (B) having been previously
in an offside position.
OFFSIDE - Player (B) is penalized because he
gained an advantage by being in that position.
Offside/Not Offside Example 11
The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds from the
goalkeeper. Player (B) in an onside position
plays the ball. Player (C) is in an offside
NOT OFFSIDE - Player (C) in an offside position
is not penalize. He did not gain advantage from
being in that position because he did not
interfere with play or with an opponent.
Offside/Not Offside Example 12
The shot by a teammate (A) rebounds off an
opponent to attacker (B) who had been previously
in an offside position.
OFFSIDE - Attacker (B) is penalized for
interfering with play.
Offside/Not Offside Example 13
An attacker (C) is an offside position, not
interfering with an opponent, when a teammate (A)
passes the ball to player (B1) in an onside
position who runs towards the opponents goal and
passes the ball (B2) to teammate (C).
NOT OFFSIDE - Attacker (C) cannot be penalized
because when the ball was passed to him, he was
in an onside position
Module 17 Interactions with Coaches, Players,
and Spectators
Interactions with Coaches, Players, and Spectators
  • Referee is a role model, especially for younger
  • Knowledge, confidence, and professionalism
    contribute to the overall field presence of
    the referee
  • Each referee sets the tone of the match by
    his/her own personality style
  • Selling the call by positioning and good
    communication is part of the art of refereeing

U-11 U-12 Players
  • Understanding the U-11/12 player
  • Physical/gross motor development
  • Social and emotional development
  • Cognitive/thought development

AYSO Coaching Philosophy
What is Positive Coaching?
  • Positive
  • Instructive
  • Encouraging

Dealing with Coaches
  • Begin at lowest level of confrontation
  • A look at the coach
  • A few calm words
  • If dissent continues or escalates
  • Stop play
  • Have coach come to you on the field to discuss
  • If dissent still continues
  • Inform coach behavior is unacceptable
  • Coach will need to leave the field or terminate
    the match

Dissent from Coaches
  • 3 Ps
  • Public
  • Persistent
  • Personal
  • Distinguish between dissent and disappointment
  • Deal with pointless dissent gently but firmly
  • Deal with real dissent directly and promptly

Interactions Scenario 1
  • In a U-10 game tensions are high. Everyone is
    yelling advice and instructions at the players.
    The coach of the blue team has a loud, booming
    voice. The more exciting the game gets, the
    louder he gets. As referee, you see many players
    on the opposing team freeze whenever this loud
    coach yells instruction at his own team.
  • How can you, as referee, deal with this
    situation? When do you start?

Interactions Scenario 2
  • You are referee in a U-12 match. The coaches of
    the red team are constantly making negative
    remarks to and putting down their own players.
    You can tell that these are very inexperienced
  • What can you do to help these coaches and the
    kids? When? Where? Who should be present?

Interactions Scenario 3
  • In this U-12 match, player 3 is a defender who
    obviously watched the World Cup. He repeatedly
    attempts slide tackles with little success, often
    tripping or endangering opponents. Opposing
    attacker 10 has been tripped twice by 3 and is
    becoming upset.
  • How can you handle this situation? When should
    you start? What if your plan doesn't work?

Interactions Scenario 4
  • During the first half of a U-12 match, the Blue
    team coach has been complaining about the
    referee's calls almost every time a call goes
    against her team. It is nearing the end of the
    half. The referee notices parents from the Blue
    team are beginning to complain.
  • What can you, the referee, do in this situation?
    When and how? Who will you involve?

Dealing with Spectators
  • Use body language to send a message to spectator
  • Run by coach during play and ask for assistance
    with spectator
  • If spectator dissent continues
  • Stop play
  • Have discussion with coaches on field near
  • Announce that match may be terminated if behavior
  • Referees, coaches and spectators are role models
    for players. ALL need to set example for players
    to emulate
  • In AYSO, its about more than the game!

Proper Location for Coaches, Substitute and
Coaches Area (Technical Area)
Halfway Line
Touch Line
  • Coaches Area
  • 20 Yards wide (extending 10 yards on either side
    of the halfway line)
  • 1 yard back from the touch line
  • During the game coaches and substitutes should
    remain in this area
  • Spectators should be between the 18 Yard lines
    and back from touchlines by 3 yards

The AYSO Team
  • For any team to function well it has to have
  • The AYSO Team has four basic rules
  • Work together
  • Help each other
  • Protect each other
  • Do your best

Review of Interactions w/ Coaches, Players, and
  • Referees are role models and set the tone for the
  • Referees must interact appropriately with
    players, coaches, and spectators.
  • Referees are guardians of the game and must
    remember the concept of the AYSO Team.
  • Referees must understand the characteristics of
    the age group involved.
  • Referees must also manage problems outside the

Module 19 AYSO National Referee Program
The AYSO Organization Levels Structure
  • National
  • Section
  • Area
  • Region

Example Region 104 is in Area C, Area C is in
Section 12
AYSO National Organization
  • Organization Comprised of
  • National Board of Directors
  • Commissions
  • Referee
  • Coaching
  • Management
  • National Support and Training Center (NSTC)
  • Sections/Areas/Regions

AYSO Referee Program
Training Focus - Modules
Badge Level
U-8 Official U5-U8 Modules 1-7
Regional/Basic U10 Modules 1-13
Intermediate U12 Modules 14-19
U14 Modules 20-24
U16, U19 National Referee Course
Referee Support
  • Informal Mentoring
  • May be requested or a random, unannounced visit
  • Observations Assessments
  • Requested by candidate for level upgrade
  • Observations done mainly for upgrade to
    Intermediate Referee
  • Assessments done mainly for upgrade to Advanced
  • Referee Meetings

Proficiency Categories for Referees
  • Appearance
  • Pre-Game Administration
  • Fitness
  • Attitude
  • Courage, Character Consistency
  • Positioning, Mechanics and Signals
  • Accuracy of Decisions
  • Control

AYSO Rules Regulations
  • Relevant Topics
  • Duration of Games (I-B)
  • Playing Time and Substitution (I-C)
  • Officiating (I-D)
  • Duties and Responsibilities of Coaches Referees
  • Size of Ball (I-F-1 a, b c)
  • Field of Play (I-G-1 thru 3)
  • Small Sided Games (I-H-1 thru 3)
  • Proper Dress (VI)
  • Injuries (VIII)

AYSO Policy Statements
  • Knee braces are allowed. The referee determines
    whether a particular knee brace is safe for a
    particular game.
  • Casts and Splints are not allowed at practices or
    games. VI H
  • Earrings or ear studs are not allowed- PERIOD.
    These are dangerous to the wearer.

Continuing Education
  • Web sites
  • AYSO and
  • USSF
  • FIFA
  • Publications
  • USSF Advice to Referees on the Laws of the
  • FIFA Questions and Answers to the Laws of the
  • AYSO Guidance for Referees and Coaches

Course Wrap Up
Region 104 Monthly Referee Meetings
  • Held during the season on the 4th Tuesday of the
  • Fall August, September October
  • Spring February, March April
  • Topics Include
  • Discussions of current events and issues
  • Quizzes and discussions of the laws
  • Signing of Upgrade Forms Paperwork
  • Retaking of Exams
  • Referee Instructional Videos
  • Check web site for possible date/time changes
  •, and click on the Calendar link

AYSO Referee Program Break Down by
Certification Level
On-line Referee Scheduler
  • Used for U10 and older divisions
  • U10 is when we go to Neutral Referees (not
    affiliated with the home team)
  • Accessed from the Region 104 web page
  • Referees menu Referee
  • Username referee
  • Password (ask instructor)
  • Schedules posted about a week prior to the season
  • Late August and February
  • Used for Center Referee and Assistant Referee
  • May be used to request mentoring or observations
  • Work with Division Scheduler first, then look for
    open games

Referee Scheduler Main Selection Screen
(No Transcript)
Reporting of Discipline/Behavior Problems during
  • Contact the Division Commissioner
  • Contact the Regional Referee Administrator
  • In Region 104 Dave Lauben,
  • email
  • Record Facts of Event
  • Date, Time Park Location
  • Division (e.g. U-10 Girls)
  • Individuals Involved
  • Players (name and number)
  • Coaches
  • Spectators (if known)
  • Cautions (yellow cards) or Send Off/Dismissals
    (red cards)

AYSO Philosophies
  • Everyone Plays
  • Balanced Teams
  • Open Registration
  • Positive Coaching
  • Good Sportsmanship

  • Test Review

  • Test Time!
  • Questions?
  • Reminders
  • Test Location ATC
  • Passing Grade 90 or higher.
  • Turn finished exam into instructors.
  • If from Region 104, get your gold referee jersey.