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Introduction to Postmodernism

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Introduction to Postmodernism Why Reality Isn t What It Used to Be Modernity RENAISSANCE TO ABOUT 1900 (+/- 30 years) Baudrillard: Early modernity: Renaissance to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Postmodernism


1
Introduction to Postmodernism
2
Why Reality Isnt What It Used to Be
3
Modernity
Timeline
  • RENAISSANCE TO ABOUT 1900 (/- 30 years)
  • Baudrillard
  • Early modernity Renaissance to Industrial
    Revolution
  • Modernity Industrial Revolution
  • Postmodernity Period of mass media
  • The world according to white Anglo-Saxon males
    from Europe

TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
4
Your Place in History
Timeline
14th C 1900
2000
  • Modern
  • Modernism
  • Postmodernism

TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
5
Modernity
Newtonian Order
  • God, reason and progress
  • There was a center to the universe.
  • Progress is based upon knowledge, and man is
    capable of discerning objective absolute truths
    in science and the arts.
  • Modernism is linked to capitalismprogressive
    economic administration of world
  • Modernization of 3rd world countries (imposition
    of modern Western values)

TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
6
Language Truth The Modern View
What Is Language?
as
  • People are the same everywhere
  • There are universal laws and truths
  • Knowledge is objective, independent of culture,
    gender, etc.
  • Language is a man-made tool that refers to real
    things / absolute truths
  • I, the subject, speak language
  • I have a discernible self
  • The self is the center of existence

TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
7
Liberal Humanism View of Literature Film
Purpose of Literature
  • Good literature is of timeless significance.
  • The text will reveal constants, universal truths,
    about human nature, because human nature itself
    is constant and unchanging.
  • Good literature is honest and sincere.
  • Art is to be respected, and belongs on a
    pedestal.
  • There are accepted traditional standards for
    different art forms genres that should be
    obeyed and respected.

TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
8
Modernism
Death of the Old Order
  • Early 1900s
  • World War I
  • Worldwide poverty exploitation

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
9
Modernism
Death of the Old Order
  • Early 1900s
  • World War I
  • Worldwide poverty exploitation
  • Intellectual upheaval
  • Freud psychoanalysis
  • Marx class struggle
  • Kierkegaard, Heidegger, Neitzsche
  • Picasso, Stravinsky, Kafka, Proust, Brecht,
    Joyce, Eliot

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
10
Relativism
The Bending of Time Space
  • Einstein relativity, quantum mechanics
  • Refutation of Newtonian science
  • Time is relative
  • Matter and energy are one
  • Light as both particle and wave
  • Universe is strange

Emc2
PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
TRADITIONAL WESTERN MODERN THINKING
11
Modernist Art
Breaking the Rules
  • Cubism
  • Surrealism
  • Dadaism
  • Expressionism

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
12
Modernist Art
Breaking the Rules
  • Cubism
  • Surrealism
  • Dadaism
  • Expressionism

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
13
Modernist Art
Breaking the Rules
  • Cubism
  • Surrealism
  • Dadaism
  • Expressionism

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
14
Modernist Art
Breaking the Rules
  • Cubism
  • Surrealism
  • Dadaism
  • Expressionism

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
15
Modernist Literature
A World with No Center
  • Things fall apart, The centre cannot hold, Mere
    anarchy is loosed upon the world.
  • --Yeats, The Second Coming

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
16
Modernist Literature
Breaking the Rules
  • Emphasis on impressionism and subjectivity
  • Movement away from objective third-party
    narration
  • Tendency toward reflexivity and
    self-consciousness
  • Obsession with the psychology of self
  • Rejection of traditional aesthetic theories
  • Experimentation with language

PRECURSORS OF POSTMODERNISM
17
What is Postmodernism?
Acceptance of a New Age
  • Continuation of modernist view
  • Does not mourn loss of history, self, religion,
    center
  • A term applied to all human sciences
    anthropology, psychology, architecture, history,
    etc.
  • Reaction to modernism systematic skepticism
  • Anti-foundational

POSTMODERNISM
18
What is Modernism?
Acceptance of a New Age
  • The world according to White Anglo-Saxon males,
    based upon the mythology of Western Europe,
    rooted in the Judeo-Christian religion and
    Greek-Roman philosophy.
  • Western man is superior.
  • Progress, reason and science are the highest
    manifestations of humanity.
  • Western man was put one earth to modernize the
    world (e.g., Manifest Density, Columbus).
  • The rest of the world consists of barbarians, and
    orientals.

POSTMODERNISM
19
What is Postmodernism?
Acceptance of a New Age
  • The Enlightenment project is dead.

POSTMODERNISM
20
Postmodernism Basic Concepts
The End of Master Narratives
  • Life just is
  • Rejection of all grand narratives.
  • All truths are contingent cultural constructs
  • Skepticism of progress anti-technology bias
  • Sense of fragmentation and decentered self
  • Multiple conflicting identities
  • Mass-mediated reality

POSTMODERNISM
21
Postmodernism Basic Concepts
The End of Master Narratives
  • All versions of reality are SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS
  • Concepts of good and evil
  • Metaphors for God
  • Language
  • The self
  • Gender
  • Taste (aesthetics)
  • EVERYTHING!

POSTMODERNISM
22
Postmodernism Basic Concepts
Language As Social Construct
  • Language is a social construct that speaks
    identifies the subject
  • Knowledge is contingent, contextual and linked to
    POWER
  • Truth is pluralistic, dependent upon the frame of
    reference of the observer
  • Values are derived from ordinary social
    practices, which differ from culture to culture
    and change with time.
  • Values are determined by manipulation and
    domination

POSTMODERNISM
23
Postmodern View of Language
The Observer is King
  • Observer is a participant/part of what is
    observed
  • Receiver of message is a component of the message
  • Information becomes information only when
    contextualized
  • The individual (the subject) is a cultural
    construct
  • Consider role of own culture when examining
    others
  • All interpretation is conditioned by cultural
    perspective and mediated by symbols and practice

POSTMODERNISM
24
PostModern Literature Film
Play and Parody
  • No guiding traditional grand narratives
  • Extreme freedom of form and expression
  • Rejects traditional linear narratives
  • Plays with time and space
  • Repudiation of boundaries of narration genre
  • Intrusive, self-reflexive author
  • Deliberate violation of standards of sense and
    decency (which are viewed as methods of social
    control)

POSTMODERNISM
25
PostModern Literature Film
Play and Parody
  • Characters on the margins of society
  • Mix of high and low brow art forms
  • Integration of everyday experience, pop and
    consumer culture
  • Playful treatment of serious subjects (no
    gnashing of teeth)
  • Doesnt take itself seriously (no pretentious
    universal truths)
  • Has fun with language and imagery (MTV like)

POSTMODERNISM
26
PostModern Literature
Fragmented Identities
  • Parody, play, black humor, pastiche
  • Ambiguities and uncertainties
  • Ironic detachment
  • Postcolonial, global-English literature
  • Global
  • Celebrate diversity of views and lifestyles

POSTMODERNISM
27
Modernity PostModern
Binary Oppositions
  • History as fact
  • Faith in social order
  • Family as central unit
  • Authenticity of originals
  • Mass consumption
  • Written by the victors
  • Cultural pluralism
  • Alternate families
  • Hyper-reality (MTV)
  • Niches small group identity

POSTMODERNISM
28
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
29
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
30
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
31
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
32
Modern or Postmodern?
A gay Southern Baptist who practices Buddhist
meditation and believes in the Big Bang theory.
POSTMODERNISM
33
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
34
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
35
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
36
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
37
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
38
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
39
Modern or Postmodern?
POSTMODERNISM
40
PostModernism
An Epochal Shift in Thinking
  • The narrative is unravelled, the author is dead,
    the Enlightenment project is toast, and history
    is history.
  • An epochal shift in the basic condition in
    being.
  • --Geoffrey Nunberg

POSTMODERNISM
41
PostModernism
Battle of World Views
  • A Global Battle THE OBJECTIVISTS vs.
    THE CONSTRUCTIVISTS Modern
    Postmodern

POSTMODERNISM
42
Battle of World Views
  • HOLLYWOOD FUNDAMENTIALISM
  • POSTMODERNISM vs.
    FOUNDATIONALISM

VS
43
PostModernism
My Way
  • OBJECTIVISTS

When I said during my presidential bid that I
would only bring Christians and Jews into the
government, I hit a firestorm. How dare you
maintain that those who believe in the
Judeo-Christian values are better qualified to
govern America than Hindus and Muslims?' My
simple answer is, Yes, they are.' -from
Pat Robertson's "The New World Order"
POSTMODERNISM
44
PostModernism
Metaphors Kill
  • People were burned at the stake for believing
    there was more than one version of reality.

POSTMODERNISM
45
PostModernism
God is Not Dead
  • Our public schools have become a postmodern
    battleground.

POSTMODERNISM
46
PostModernism
God is Not Dead
  • You can be a Christian (or Buddhist, or
    Hindu, etc.) in the postmodern world.

POSTMODERNISM
47
PostModernism
We Live in the Middle
  • We all slip and slide between the objective and
    constructive views
  • 1. We live in a world of naïve realism. (We
    accept grand narratives as true.)
  • 2. But when we think about things, or
    have to explain our views, we become
    constructivists.

POSTMODERNISM
48
PostModernism
Celebrating Diversity
  • THE HOPE OF POSTMODERNISTS
  • The deconstruction of foundational views will
    lead to a recognition and acceptance of a
    pluralistic worldview.
  • Create a truly global civilization.

POSTMODERNISM
49
Literary FilmTheory
Celebrating Diversity
  • Different constructs of reality
  • Lenses through which we see the world

?
POSTMODERNISM
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