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Overview

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ICT for Women s Empowerment Community Radio ... rural ATM is step towards this Business Models New Business Models for sustainable use of ICT in rural and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview


1
Overview ICT4SED
  • U. B. Desai
  • Department of Electrical Engineering
  • ubdesai_at_ee.iitb.ac.in
  • EPBAX 7414

2
ICT as a Socio-Political-Techno System
3
Use of ICT for Bridging Digital-X
  • Education Divide
  • Health Divide
  • Income Divide
  • Opportunity Divide
  • Improve quality of life
  • Many in the upper strata of the society have
    benefited from ICT
  • The question today is How can we take this
    benefit to a much larger section of the society
    rural areas and small towns

4
Some Illustrative Examples
5
ICT support for Agriculture (TeNeT -IITM)
Before
  • Village in Madurai
  • Ladys finger was turning
  • yellow
  • Web-cam image was sent to
  • Madurai Agriculture college
  • They diagnosed it as yellow mosaic
  • disease and suggested a remedy
  • The farmer was able to save
  • nearly one lakkh

After
6
ICT for Veterinary Support (TeNeT-IITM)
  • Goat had a wound near
  • its mouth
  • Could not eat
  • A web-cam picture sent to
  • the vet college in Madurai
  • The suggestions from the
  • vet cured the goat in
  • two days

7
Rural ATM
  • Urban ATMs
  • cost Rs.8 lakhs
  • Develop a
  • rural AT for
  • Rs. 40k
  • Will generate
  • cash flow in
  • rural areas at
  • market defined
  • interest rates

8
aAQUA QA forum (IIT-Bombay)
Farmers can access Agri-extension services.
They can ask questions in their own language and
get information more relevant to the local
context.
web-based archived searchable multilingual
9
Bhav Puchiye What is the Price? (IITB)
10
Keylekh Devanagiri Key Board (IITB)
Devices for enabling easy input in Indian
languages.
11
Visual Acuity Test (HP-IITM R D Labs)
12
Voice Based News Group (HP-ITTM)
13
Sensor Networks for Landslide Prediction An
Early Warning System (IITB)
Mumbai Railway Station
GPRS
GPRS
Master Control Room
GPRS
Sensor node with strain guage
Control Room at nearby station
Cluster head With GPRS
14
Partial List of Some ICT4D projects in India
  • eSeva, Integrated Citizen Services, Andhra
    Pradesh
  • Lok Mitra and Jan Mitra Projects from Rajasthan
  • e- BillPost and e- Post Services of the
    Department of Posts
  • RASI (Rural Access to Services through the
    Internet) earlier called SARI and n- Logue
    Communications
  • Gyandoot
  • Community Information Centres (CIC) Project
    (Dept. of Info Tech., Govt.of India)
  • Bhoomi
  • Drishtee dot. com Ltd.
  • ITC eChoupal
  • Kuppam i- community, Andhra Pradesh
  • Akshaya- Kerala Govt's Hundred Percent ICT
    Literacy Project
  • Information Village Research Project- IVRP by
    MSSRF
  • Swayam Krishi Sangam (SKS)
  • TARAhaat
  • GRAMDOOT
  • M. S. Swaminathan Foundation

15
Partial List of Some ICT4D projects in India
  • ICT for Womens Empowerment
  • Community Radio- Deccan Development Society
  • Community Radio- Kutch Mahila Vikas Sangathan
    (KMVS)
  • Sisu Samrakshak ICT- enabled Child health care by
    UNICEF
  • Change Initiatives- Nabanna- Empowering women 94
  • SEWA

16
Research Areas in ICT4D
  • with focus on Small Town and Rural India

17
Networking and Information Management
  • What is the best, network architecture for
    delivering voice, video and data
  • Wireless, fiber or copper or combination?
  • Intermittent or always on connectivity?
  • Mobile or stationary?
  • Information management systems
  • What kind of information
  • Fast access to information at low cost and over
    low bandwidth connectivity

18
User Interfaces
  • Universal User Interface for multiple languages
    and low literacy levels
  • Speech
  • Iconic user interfaces
  • Task-specific interfaces
  • Universality possible?

19
Affordable Devices
  • Affordability of device and network connectivity
    extremely critical for ICT penetration
  • Are PCs, Hand-helds the only kind of affordable
    devices?

20
Health Care and Education
  • Health Care
  • ICT for affordable health care in rural areas and
    small towns
  • Education
  • Training (CAD-CAM etc.)
  • Learning
  • Host of projects at KReSIT in e-education

21
Power
  • Affordable and Reliable Power
  • Solar Power
  • Locally generated power with local distribution
    as opposed to centralized distribution system
  • Low power electronics

22
Microfinance and e-Commerce
  • Microfinance
  • Micro Credit
  • Micro Transactions
  • Micro Payment
  • What kind of models will be applicable
  • e-Commerce
  • How to exploit the ubiquitous cellular technology
    for microfinance?

23
  • e-Governance
  • e.g. Bhoomi Project digitization of land
    records
  • e-Banking
  • Already available for urbanites with reasonable
    incomes
  • How can this be extended to low income groups and
    rural areas rural ATM is step towards this

24
Business Models
  • New Business Models
  • for sustainable use of ICT in rural and small
    town India, as well as urban India
  • e.g. we have the lowest cell phone tariff in the
    world 2 cents per minute, based not on
    technology but clever business models which has
    very low OPEX
  • Grameen Phone in Bangladesh
  • n-Logue
  • e-choupal (ITC)

25
Outsourcing to Rural Areas from Urban Areas
26
Services
  • Services
  • Which are the services that will be of interest
    to rural population
  • Price of crops?
  • Price of produce?
  • ???
  • Boils down to developing right content.

27
Entertainment
  • Affordable Entertainment thru ICT
  • e.g. showing VCDs is very common in rural kiosks
  • Financially lucrative
  • Issues of providing quality entertainment on low
    bandwidth network

28
Some Issues
  • Is too much money (Govt. and private) being
    diverted towards ICT4D at the expenses of real
    social cause and infrastructure development (like
    water ways, electricity, food distribution etc)?
  • How is ICT affecting gender equality in urban,
    semi-urban and rural areas?
  • Is there a lot of hype in ICT4D which will fade
    with time?
  • What has been the real impact of ICT for rural
    folks?

29
  • Questions
  • Comments
  • Thoughts
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