PRESENTATION TO HONG KONG COMMITTEE FOR PEC SUSTAINABLE TOURISM SEMINAR A SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR HONG KONG By Ian Kean, Executive Director of AICST - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PRESENTATION TO HONG KONG COMMITTEE FOR PEC SUSTAINABLE TOURISM SEMINAR A SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR HONG KONG By Ian Kean, Executive Director of AICST

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Title: PRESENTATION TO HONG KONG COMMITTEE FOR PEC SUSTAINABLE TOURISM SEMINAR A SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR HONG KONG By Ian Kean, Executive Director of AICST


1
PRESENTATION TO HONG KONG COMMITTEE FOR
PECSUSTAINABLE TOURISM SEMINARA SUSTAINABLE
TOURISM MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR HONG KONGBy Ian
Kean, Executive Director of AICST
  • FRIDAY 15TH APRIL 2005

2
(No Transcript)
3
THE BIRTH OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • Tourism grew from developments in ships
    aeroplanes
  • International tourism commenced in early
    seventies
  • Countries welcomed tourism without understanding
    the opportunities impacts started their own
    airlines
  • Hong Kong has a history of visiting traders
  • During the 70s 80s tourism travel grew
    dramatically
  • Governments Industry played catch-up to try to
    keep up
  • A tourism industry was born
  • Today 22 million visitors to HK 25 from the
    mainland
  • Visitor impacts led to push for sustainable
    tourism

4
THE EARLY DAYS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • Early 90s
  • A lack of awareness of benefits impacts from
    tourism (positive negative)
  • A lack of systems for monitoring measurement
    regulations policies for management
  • Today
  • 35 years of outstanding growth in tourism
  • Planning, legislation, regulations, management
    lacking

5
SUSTAINABLE TOURISM TODAY
  • Strong growth in tourism will continue
  • Benefits negative impacts from visitors will
    increase
  • Management practices to avoid or reduce impacts
    must improve and quickly
  • WTO - Sustainable tourism development meets the
    needs of present tourists and host regions while
    protecting and enhancing opportunities for the
    future. It is envisaged as leading to management
    of all resources in such a way that economic,
    social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while
    maintaining cultural integrity, essential
    ecological processes, biological diversity, and
    life support systems.

6
TOURISM MISUNDERSTOOD
  • Often seen as just hotels, restaurants tour
    operators
  • Not seen as being a real industry or
    complex/important
  • Lack of appreciation of the breadth of tourism
    to indirect benefits to all other industries
  • Not seen as a force for developing communities
  • Not appreciated as a force for peace
    understanding of different races cultures
  • Lack of awareness of tourisms ability to improve
    human capacities improve quality of peoples
    lives

7
BENEFITS FROM TOURISM
  • Economic Objectives
  • industry growth
  • business Profitability
  • increased employment opportunities
  • benefits spread across destination
  • SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • preserve culture heritage
    protect natural assets
  • secure community involvement manage useage
    impacts
  • improve services infrastructure
    inform educate people
  • improve quality of life build strong
    partnerships
  • Social Objectives Environmental Objectives

8
BENEFITS FROM TOURISM
  • Economic Objectives
  • industry growth
  • business Profitability
  • increased employment opportunities
  • benefits spread across destination
  • SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • preserve culture heritage
    protect natural assets
  • secure community involvement manage useage
    impacts
  • improve services infrastructure
    inform educate people
  • improve quality of life build strong
    partnerships
  • Social Objectives Environmental Objectives

9
BENEFITS FROM TOURISM
  • Economic Objectives
  • industry growth
  • business Profitability
  • increased employment opportunities
  • benefits spread across destination
  • SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • preserve culture heritage
    protect natural assets
  • secure community involvement manage useage
    impacts
  • improve services infrastructure
    inform educate people
  • improve quality of life build strong
    partnerships
  • Social Objectives Environmental Objectives

10
A MODEL FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MANAGEMENT
  • Preparation
  • A whole-of-government commitment almost every
    Government Ministry has responsibility for some
    aspect of tourism
  • Industry commitment and involvement sectors
    that are direct indirect beneficiaries of
    visitor expenditure
  • A sustainable tourism management strategy is more
    than a document
  • Human financial resources are required
  • Leadership from the top in government
    industry

11
A MODEL FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MANAGEMENT
  • Implementation
  • Benchmark the destination to assess current
    levels of sustainability
  • Identify whats working whats not what needs
    to be done
  • Set priorities budgets timeframes
  • Form a National Task Force government, industry
    academia
  • Form specific Working Groups to deal with
    specific issues
  • Transparency, monitoring, reporting updating

12
EXAMPLES OF ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED INCLUDE..
  • Measuring economic impactsexpenditure/employment
  • Improving businesses, service standards quality
  • Training programs
  • Risk management strategies government
    operators
  • Community involvement in planning operations
  • Maintenance of local arts, crafts, music,
    languages
  • Preservation of heritage, culture history
  • New infrastructure services
  • Partnerships to improve conservation/carrying
    capacities
  • Coastal areas marine environments
  • Water, power, waste treatment, etc.

13
APEC INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • Established by the Tourism Ministers from the 21
    APEC Economies in July 2002 to provide
    information and assistance and assistance to
    improve sustainable tourism in the Asia Pacific
    Region.
  • AICST is a network of governments, tourism
    industry associations/councils and universities.

14
TOTAL TOURISM MANAGEMENTTTM
15
TOTAL TOURISM MANAGEMENTTTM
  • 2 main objectives
  • To assist a country or destination in applying
    improved sustainable tourism management
    practices
  • To increase the knowledge, skills experience of
    the local people
  • TTM is helping local people to plan implement
    sustainable tourism management practices for
    themselves

16
A TTM MODEL FOR HONG KONG
  • Government commitment in place
  • Assist in selecting a Task Force to plan
    implement
  • Assist with a benchmark study of current
    sustainability
  • Assist to set priorities for work to be
    undertaken
  • Assist to establish Working Groups to undertake
    work
  • Provide information, systems, options to address
    issues
  • Provide experienced people to assist guide
  • Work with Task Force over time to manage the
    improvements and new initiatives
  • Increase the knowledge, skills experience of
    the local Task Force and Working Group members

17
HONG KONG TODAY
  • East meets West culture Modern traditional
    architecture Traditional artistic performances

18
HONG KONG TODAY
  • A Different Culture Heritage Lifestyle

19
HONG KONG TODAY
  • A desire to involve local communities in cultural
    tourism developments to improve their quality
    of life

20
HONG KONG TODAY
  • A recognition that tourism should benefit poorer
    people
  • A desire to balance conservation development

21
HONG KONG TODAY
  • Questions to be asked
  • Are these desires recognition translated into
    actions
  • Is there a whole-of-government commitment
  • Is there a partnership between government,
    industry academia
  • Has there been an analysis of whats working
    whats not what more needs to be done
  • Are there sufficient resources available to be
    successful
  • YES?? YES, BUT..?? MAYBE?? NO??

22
SUMMARY
  • Tourism really wasnt planned it just happened
  • We were unaware of the benefits impacts
  • We didnt have the knowledge to deal with
    problems
  • Visitor numbers will double in the next 20 years
  • We now know about benefits impacts, we have
    the knowledge to address most problems
  • Playing catch-up is no longer a responsible
    option

23
(No Transcript)
24
A SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MODEL FOR HONG KONG
  • THANK YOU
  • THE APEC INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR SUSTAINABLE
    TOURISM
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