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Political, Economic and Social System of Germany

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Political, Economic and Social System of Germany Presentation for Trade-Unionists from Asia Bonn, 9th of March 2005 ... Spain. Switzerland. China. Czech Rep. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political, Economic and Social System of Germany


1
Political, Economic and Social System of
Germany
  • Presentation for Trade-Unionists from Asia
  • Bonn, 9th of March 2005
  • Severin Schmidt

2
Germany
3
Basic Facts
  • Population 82,5 Million
  • Life expectancy 78.54 years
  • Area 357,021 sq. km
  • Ethnic background German 91,5, Turkish 2,4,
    other 6,1
  • Religion Protestant 34, Catholic 34, Muslim
    3.7, unaffiliated or other 28.3
  • Human Development Index 0.925 (16)

4
History
  • 1871 Foundation of the German Reich
  • 1914-1918 World War I
  • 1918-1933 Republic of Weimar
  • 1933-1945 Nazi Dictatorship and WW II
  • 1949 Foundation of the FRG and GDR
  • 1990 Reunification

5
Political System
  • Germany is a federal, democratic and socially
    responsible state
  • Consists of 16 states (Länder)
  • Head of State Federal President Horst Köhler
    (Mostly representative)
  • Head of government Chancellor Gerhard Schröder

6
Most Important Institutions
  • Bundestag (Parliament)
  • Bundesrat (Federal Council)
  • Federal Government
  • Länder (States)

7
President and Chancellor
8
The Bundestag (Parliament)
  • Bundestag is the central institution of the
    political system with 603 members
  • Elected by all Germans for 4 years
  • Elects the Federal Chancellor, passes laws and
    controlls the government

9
The Bundesrat (Federal Council)
  • Representation of the Länder
  • Participates on the legislation
  • It is often used as a party-political instrument

10
Federal Government
  • Formed by Ministers and the Chancellor
  • Chancellor determines policy guidelines
  • Normally formed by a coalition
  • Accountability to the Bundestag

11
Political Parties
  • "The parties shall help to form the political
    will of the people" (Article 21 of the
    Constitution)
  • 5 of the votes are needed to be part of the
    Bundestag

12
Political Parties
  • SPD Social Democrats
  • CDU Chrisitian Democrats (conservatives)
  • CSU Bavarian conservatives
  • Alliance90/Greens (Ecologists)
  • FDP Liberals
  • PDS Socialists (Former GDR State Party)

13
Distribution of seats 15th election period in
the Bundestag
14
Self-government of the Länder
  • Länder are not Provinces
  • Responsible for the administration
  • Right to establish certain own laws
  • Subsidiarity principle
  • But Interwoven Politics!

15
Economy
  • Total GDP 2004 2 177 Billion
  • GDP per capita in 2004 24.000
  • Income/Employee 2004 2200 / month
  • Total Exports in 2004 730 Billion
  • Unemployment 2004 10,4

16
Structure of the Economy
17
Exports
18
GDP per Region
19
Unemployment per Region
20
Social System
  • Social Security PAYG, financed by Employers and
    Employees, income related
  • Pension Insurance (19,5)
  • Health Insurance (12-15)
  • Long-term care Insurance (1,7)
  • Unemployment Insurance (6,5)
  • Social Assistance covering basic needs

21
The Demographic Challenge
22
Current Political Challenges
  • Global competition
  • Demographic changes
  • Unemployment
  • Public Deficit
  • Reactivating East Germany
  • Building a social Europe

23
Thank you!
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