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Psychological Disorder

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Dissociative Amensia Forgets past experiences following a stressful event. Causes for Dissociative Disorder Unknown Stress Emotional trauma in child. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychological Disorder


1
Psychological Disorder
  • Emotions, thoughts and behaviors that are
    maladaptive, distressing and different from
    social norms.

2
Maladaptive
3
Distressing
4
Diff. from social norms
5
DSM
6
Anxiety Disorder
  • Feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety.

7
Anxiety Disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Phobic Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

8
Panic Disorder
  • Recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety.

9
Phobic Disorder
  • Excessive fear of a specific object, activity, or
    situation.

10
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Persistent, unwanted, unreasonable thoughts
    (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors performed
    according to rules (compulsions).

11
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Intense and persistent feelings of anxiety and
    helplessness that are caused by a traumatic
    experience.

12
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Continuous, long-lasting uneasiness and tension.

13
Causes for Anxiety Disorder
  • Sensitive to anxiety
  • GABA abnormalities
  • Serotonin (Panic and OCD)
  • Classical Conditioning/Operant Conditioning
  • Observational Learning
  • Stress

14
Treatments for Anxiety Disorder
  • Systematic Desensitization
  • Anti-anxiety drug

15
Dissociative Disorder
  • Splitting apart a persons identity, memory and
    conscious.

16
Types of Dissociative Disorder
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Dissociative Amnesia

17
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Person with 2 or more distinct, well developed
    personalities.

18
Dissociative Amensia
  • Forgets past experiences following a stressful
    event.

19
Causes for Dissociative Disorder
  • Unknown
  • Stress
  • Emotional trauma in child.
  • Physical or sexual abuse
  • Rejection from parents

20
Schizophrenia Disorder
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorganized speech
  • Deterioration adaptive behavior

21
Delusions
  • False beliefs

22
Irrational Thoughts
  • Chaotic

23
Hallucinations
  • Sensory perceptions that are not real

24
Deterioration of Adaptive Behavior
  • Work
  • Social relations
  • Personal care

25
Types of Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid
  • Catatonic
  • Disorganized
  • Undifferentiated

26
Causes for Schizophrenia
  • Genetics- 2 parents about 46
  • Neurotransmitters-excess levels of dopamine
  • Brain structure- smaller thalamus and enlarge
    ventricles as well as temp or front lobes
  • Viral and malnutrition

27
Treatment for Schizophrenia
  • Antipsychotic drug

28
Mood Disorder
  • Emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may
    spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual,
    social and thought processes.

29
Types of Mood Disorders
  • Depression
  • Bipolar Disorder

30
Depression
  • Deep, unshakable sadness and diminished interest
    in nearly all activities.

31
Bipolar Disorder
  • Mood swings back and forth between depression and
    mania.

32
Causes of Mood Disorders
  • Norepinephrine
  • Serotonin

33
Treatments for Depression
  • Anti-depressant
  • ECT

34
(No Transcript)
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