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Packaging of Mango


Packaging of Mango Introduction ... corrugated fibre boxes are used for packaging mango Cushioning materials like paddy straw, wood wool, vinylite and pliofilms ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Packaging of Mango

Packaging of Mango
Packaging of Mango
  • India is the largest producer of mangoes in the
  • Huge post harvest losses (25-30) occur in mango
    in the period between harvesting and consumption
  • Due to heavy post harvest losses, a considerable
    gap between production and availability of fruits
    and vegetables to consumers
  • Thus, there is an urgent need to adopt proper
    post harvest management practices by adopting
    improved packaging, handling and efficient
    transportation methods

Packaging of Mango
Introduction cont..
  • Packaging is required to keep the mangoes in good
    condition until these are sold and consumed
  • Packaging serves as an efficient handling unit to
    carry produce from field to consumer
  • The package should also protect the produce from
  • Packages must also protect the produce from
    possible damage

Packaging of Mango
Functions of Packaging Material
  • Two main functions of packaging are
  • To assemble the produce into convenient units for
  • To protect the produce during distribution,
    storage and marketing.

Packaging of Mango
Packaging materials serve the following purposes
  • As an efficient handling unit
  • Protects the produce from mechanical damage
  • Protects the produce from moisture loss
  • Provides clean and sanitary storage
  • Prevents pilferage
  • Provides sales and service motivation
  • Reduces the cost of transport and marketing

Packaging of Mango
Packaging Materials for Fresh Produce
1. Basket made of woven strips of leaves, bamboo,
plastic etc. 2. Sacks flexible, made of plastic
or jute. i) Bags small size sacks ii) Nets
sacks made of open mesh 3. Wooden crates 4.
Fibreboard boxes i) Solid fibreboard
boxes ii) Corrugated fibreboard boxes 5. Plastic
crates 6. Biodegradable plastics 7. New
innovations in packaging of fruits, vegetables
and root crops 8. Pallet boxes and shipping
Packaging of Mango
Packaging Materials for Processed Products
Packaging for processed products is of several
types 1. Glass containers 2. Metal cans 3.
Aluminium foil 4. Plastic materials 5.
Collapsible containers 6. Composite containers
Packaging of Mango
Cushioning Materials and Wrap
  • Dry grass, paddy straw, leaves, saw dust, paper
    shreds etc. are used as cushioning material for
    packaging fruits and vegetables
  • It should dissipate the heat of respiration of
    the produce
  • It should be free from infection and should be
    physiologically inactive
  • Moulded pulp tray, honeycomb portion, cell pack
    are used replacing the cushioning material

Packaging of Mango
Cushioning Materials and Wrap
  • Shrink-wrapping is a new technique and trend for
    packaging mangoes
  • Shrink-wrapping with an engineered plastic wrap
    can reduce
  • shrinkage,
  • protect the produce from disease,
  • reduce mechanical damage and
  • provide a good surface for stick-on labels

Packaging of Mango
Precautions during packing
  • Containers should not be filled either too
    loosely or too tightly because loose products may
    vibrate against each other and cause bruising
  • While over-packing results in compression
  • Proper filling along with cushioning material can
    minimize bruising damage

Packaging of Mango
Packaging of Mango
  • Baskets made of bamboo with paddy as cushioning
    materials are used as packaging for mangoes in
    India, yet it results in very high spoilages
  • Now-a-days, corrugated fibre boxes are used for
    packaging mango
  • Cushioning materials like paddy straw, wood wool,
    vinylite and pliofilms wrappers, paper cuttings,
    newsprint, tissue paper and polyethylene films
    etc are used
  • Sometimes honey comb fibre boxes are also used in
    local market
  • Plastic crates are also used for local markets

Packaging of Mango
Special Care in Packaging
  • Mangoes should be packaged in a single layer in
    fruit crates and cartons
  • Due to their great sensitivity to pressure, the
    fruit should be wrapped in paper or padded with
  • Recommended ventilation conditions circulating
    air, 60 - 80 circulations/hour with continuous
    supply of fresh air, to prevent excessive
    concentrations of CO2, ethylene and other gases

Packaging of Mango
Packaging Labeling/Marking for export
  • Each graded mango should be placed into soft,
    white expandable polystyrene, netted sleeves to
    prevent bruising before placing it in compressed
    fiberboard cartons
  • The sleeved mangoes should be packed in a single
    layer in compressed fiberboard cartons of
    interlocking type preferably having a water-proof
    coating to prevent damage due to high humidity
    during cold storage
  • All the holes or vents are covered with
    insect-proof screen of a minimum of 30 meshes per
    linear inch

Packaging of Mango
Packaging Labeling/Marking for export ...
  • Only packing material of food grade should be
    used for packing mangoes in the pack house
  • For export, standard size of packages (370 X 275
    X 90 mm) should be used
  • All the sides of each package should then be
    sealed with adhesive tape to prevent entry of
    target or non-target quarantine pests
  • All the packages should be affixed with labels as
    per requirement

Packaging of Mango
Packed mangoes being loaded on a container
Mangoes packed in corrugated fibre board boxes
Packaging of Mango
Mango Transport in Carton
Fiberboard Box Developed at CISH, Lucknow with
Proper Vents at top, Sides and Bottom for Mango
Packaging of Mango
Double Fruit Foam Net (Packing Mango)
Source http//
Packaging of Mango
Let Us Sum Up
  • Food packaging is a system by which the fresh or
    processed produce will reach from the production
    centre to the ultimate consumer in safe and sound
    condition at an affordable cost
  • It serves two basic objectives, i.e., marketing
    and logistics
  • Adopting improved packaging, handling and
    transportation methods during distribution and
    marketing can successfully reduce huge post
    harvest losses
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