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Disability Awareness Week

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* * Knowledge is the antidote to fear. - Ralph Waldo Emerson Handicap: A situation or barrier imposed by society, the environment, or oneself. Disability: A ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Disability Awareness Week


1
Disability Awareness Week
  • Living with diversity and overcoming adversity.
  • Produced by Kathryn Ryan

2
  • Knowledge is the antidote to fear. - Ralph
    Waldo Emerson

3
Definitions
  • Handicap A situation or barrier imposed by
    society, the environment, or oneself.
  • Disability A functional limitation that
    interferes with a persons ability to walk, talk,
    hear, learn, etc.

4
  • Disabilities
  • Mobility Impairments
  • Epilepsy
  • Learning disabilities
  • Hearing Impairments
  • Visual Impairments

5
Statistics
  • 19.4 (1 in 5) or 48.9 million people have a
    disability
  • 9.9 (1 in 10) have a disability that is not
    considered to be severe
  • 9.6 (1 in 10) have a severe disability
  • 80.6 (4 in 5) are not considered to have a
    disability

6
Timeline of Disability Awareness
  • 400 BC
  • Hippocrates, the Greek physician, wrote the first
    work on epilepsy disputing that the disorder was
    a curse or caused by the gods. He believed that
    epilepsy was a brain disorder.

7
  • 15th Century
  • The court fool was a part of the medieval and
    renaissance court society. Some jesters were
    disabled either physically or mentally.
  • 1601
  • Elizabethan Poor Laws were passed from 1583 to
    1601 in order to aid the deserving poor, orphaned
    and crippled.

8
  • 1751
  • The Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, with
    the help of Benjamin Franklin, is the first
    hospital to create a special section for the
    treatment of mental illness and mental
    retardation.

9
  • 1817
  • Thomas H. Gallaudet established the first free
    American school for the deaf and hearing impaired
    in 1817.

10
  • 1855
  • The Syracuse State School opened with the help of
    Dr. Hervey Wilbur. Children that struggled with
    learning were trained in either domestic arts or
    farm work.

11
  • 1860
  • Cerebral Palsy was first classified by the
    British surgeon William Little.
  • 1866
  • John Langdon Down publishes the first clinical
    description of what is later known as Down
    syndrome.

12
  • 1869
  • The first wheelchair patent was registered with
    the United States patent office.

13
  • 1907
  • Maria Montessori opens her first Casa dei Bambini
    or "House of Children." Montessori developed a
    successful program of education for learning
    disabled children that became widely popular.
  • 1943
  • The classification of autism was introduced by
    Dr. Leo Kanner of John Hopkins University.

14
  • 1945
  • Truman passes Public Law 176 National Employ the
    Handicapped Week. National "Employ the
    Handicapped Week" was created and signed by
    President Harry Truman as Public Law 176. The
    week was established to create more awareness of
    the possibilities available to employ the
    physically handicapped.

15
  • 1960
  • First Paralympics Games held in Rome, Italy. They
    were officially recognized by the International
    Olympic Committee.

16
  • 1975
  • "The Education for All Handicapped Children Act,"
    public law 94-142, was passed in 1975. This act
    allocated federal dollars to states and
    localities in order to provide education for
    children with disabilities. Included in the act
    were provisions for a free and appropriate
    education, individualized education programs with
    parental involvement, establishment of due
    process proceedings, and to provide an education
    in the least restrictive environment.

17
1990
  • President George Bush signs the ADA on July 26.
    The American with Disabilities Act was a
    wide-sweeping civil rights legislation giving
    protections to individuals with disabilities.
    Equal opportunity was established for employment,
    transportation, telecommunications, public
    accommodations and the state and federal
    government's services.

18
1999
  • Supreme Court rules on Olmstead v. L.C. and E.W.
    stating that the ADA requires public agencies to
    provide services in the most integrated setting.

19
What can you do???
20
Its OK to offer assistance
  • Just dont assume...
  • a person needs any
  • a person wants any
  • that you know what they might want

21
Be inclusive in conversations
22
Theres no need to YELL!
23
Try to be flexible and open
24
Visual Tests
  • Some people with dyslexia or learning
    disabilities also experience visual disturbances
    when reading text. How does it make you feel to
    look at them?
  • On the next slide read the colors of the words,
    not the actual words.

25
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28
  • We all have abilities
  • Many of us have disabilities
  • The focus is on the PERSON and their ABILITIES
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