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New Geneva Theological Seminary

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New Geneva Theological Seminary NT 502 New Testament Survey II Pauline Epistles Week 1 * Sent out from the church at Antioch (Acts 13:1-3), Paul and Barnabas went to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Geneva Theological Seminary


1
New Geneva Theological Seminary
  • NT 502
  • New Testament Survey II
  • Pauline Epistles
  • Week 1

1
2
2
3
Schedule of Reading - Assignments - Précis -
Graphic Analyses
3
4
Week 1
  • Introduction to Types of Theologies
  • An Introduction to Paul the man and his
    theology
  • A Survey of Galatians

4
5
What is THEOLOGY?
  • Study of God

5
6
Types of Theological Studies
  • Exegetical Theology
  • Historical Theology
  • Practical Theology
  • Systematic Theology
  • Biblical Theology

6
7
Systematic Theology
  • God Theology
  • Man - Anthropology
  • Sin Harmatology
  • The Holy Spirit Pneumatology
  • Christ Christology
  • Salvation Soteriology
  • End times Eschatology

the basis and source of Systematics. . . B.
B. Warfield
BIBLICAL THEOLOGY
3
7
8
Biblical Theology?
  • Biblical Theology is diachronic
  • Systematic Theology is synchronic

8
9
  • Biblical Theology
  • the "Redemptive - Historical"
  • approach of Biblical Interpretation

9
10
Biblical Theology is Discovery
  • Biblical theology is an historical, purely
    descriptive, discipline, concerned to discover
    what in fact the biblical writers thought and
    taught

10
11
  • We must realize that there is one theme running
    throughout all of the books of the Bible, tying
    the subplots, characters, and sub-themes into one

grand redemptive drama with CHRIST at it's center.
11
12
What is our task?
  • The task of the Bible student -
  • theologian is to conform one's
  • presuppositions, including one's
  • hermeneutics, to the Bible.

12
13
What is an Epistle?
  • A Literary Approach to the Pauline Epistles

13
14
Epistles and Letters
  • The Jewish Letter
  • The Greek Epistle
  • A relatively formal document, intended for the
    public
  • More an essay or a treatise than a personal
    letter
  • The Greek Letter
  • Personal and private
  • Dealing with a range of subjects

14
15
Pauls Own Writings
15
16
A Suggested Chronology of the Pauline Epistles
Pastoral
General
Prison
16
17
12
17
18
An Introduction to Pauline Theology
  • Who is Paul?
  • Paul, the Jew
  • Paul, the Christian
  • Pauls Theology
  • The Foci of Pauline Theology

18
19
Who Is Paul?
  • Born in Hellenistic city of Tarsus
  • At home in the Greek world
  • Adept in the Greek tongue
  • Raised according to Jewish customs
  • Proud of his Jewish heritage (Phil. 34-6)
  • Trained in Rabbinical school of Gamaliel
  • Zealous for Pharisaical oral traditions
  • Converted to Christianity
  • Paul converted by the risen, Lord Jesus.
  • Acts 91-9 226-16 and 2612-18

19
20
Paul, the Jew
  • Pauls Theological Assumptions (as a Jew)
  • Monotheist
  • Rejected pagan religion, worship and immorality
  • Considered Old Testament as Holy Scripture
  • Viewed Old Testament as Inspired Word of God
  • Used a Rabbinic Hermeneutic
  • Recognized the centrality of the Law
  • Held to two successive ages
  • Olam Hazzeh this age
  • Olam Habba the coming age
  • Paul was a Persecutor of Christians

20
21
Paul, the Christian
  • Transformation of Paul
  • Conversion on the Road to Damascus
  • A special work of God
  • Converted to a new understanding of Righteousness
  • From one of his own works
  • To one of a gift of God by faith (Rom. 930ff)
  • New essentials of Pauls Theology
  • Jesus is the Messiah
  • The Gospel is also for Gentiles
  • Justification is by faith (against the works of
    the Law)

21
22
Pauls Eschatology. . .
  • Pauls initial thought about two ages
  • A present evil age
  • An age of eschatological hope
  • Pauls new understanding of the ages
  • I Cor. 1523-25 resurrection, parousia, telos
  • Resurrection Beginning of eschatological hope
  • Parousia Second coming of Christ.
  • Telos The end or completion (Kingdom given to
    the Father)

22
23
History vs. Eschatology
  • Antiquated Contrasts
  • Present vs. Future
  • History vs. Eschatology
  • Experience vs. Hope
  • Better Analysis
  • Blessings of the future have reached back to
    present.
  • Living in this age, but, not being conformed to
    it.
  • Period between Resurrection and Parousia
  • A period belonging to two times NOW AND NOT YET
  • Christs Resurrection has inaugurated a new age.

23
24
Pauline Eschatology
The Now and the Not Yet
Genesis 3
24
25
What is at the Center of Pauline Theology?
  • Commonly thought focii
  • Justification by faith
  • Mystical experience of being in Christ
  • Other ideas
  • Imputation of Righteousness
  • Powers of the new age with advent of Spirit
  • Comprehensive focus
  • New age of redemptive work of Christ
  • 2 Cor. 519 God was in Christ reconciling the
    world to himself.

25
26
22
26
27
Galatians
  • Justification by faith alone
  • and not by works of the law.

27
28
Paul-1st Missionary Journey
Tarsus
15
28
29
First Missionary JourneyActs 13, 14
29
30
30
31
Galatians
  • Author
  • Paul Name given as author in 11 and 52
  • Not usual secretarial method Pauls own hand
  • Purpose
  • Defense of Paul's position as apostle and
    apologia defending justification by faith and not
    works of the law.
  • Date
  • Written ca. AD 47-48 before the Jerusalem Council
    (Acts 15)

31
32
Galatians
  • Who is the Intended Audience?
  • North, Ethnic Galatia -OR-
  • South, Roman Galatia
  • Support of Roman Galatia
  • No specific towns are mentioned in Old Galatia
  • It would be strange for Luke to write in Acts so
    much about the towns in Roman Galatia and Paul to
    refer to different places.
  • It would be strange for Judaizers to pass
    important cities, like Iconium and Antioch, where
    many Jews lived, to go to the remote northern
    area.

32
33
Galatians 118-19
Acts 9
Galatians 21-10
Acts 1127-30
33
34
First Missionary JourneyActs 13, 14
34
35
Galatians - Outline
  • Gospel of Grace Defended 1-2
  • Pauls Apostleship 11-124
  • Pauls Authority 21-221
  • Gospel of Grace Explained 3-4
  • Justification by Faith Not Works 31-9
  • Justification by Faith not the Law 310-431
  • Gospel of Grace Applied 5-6
  • Position Practice of Liberty 51-618
  • Power of Liberty 516-526
  • Performance in Liberty (Fruit) 61-618

35
36
A Literary Analysis of Galatians
36
37
A Graphic Analysis of Galatians
Indicative
Imperative
37
38
38
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