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Chapter 14: Medieval Japan

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Chapter 14: Medieval Japan ... and control 3. arranged marriages V Economics A. farmers produce surplus crops for daimyo B. artisans made weapons, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 14: Medieval Japan


1
Chapter 14 Medieval Japan

2
Section 1 Early Japan
  • I. Geography
  • A. Islands
  • 1. 4 main
  • 2. bordered by Sea of Japan Pacific O.
  • 3. independent

3

B. Mountains 1. mostly covered by volcanic
mts 2. 20 of land farmable C. ltd space

4
  • C. Sea Ocean
  • 1. fishing
  • 2. travel
  • 3. trade

5
II Hx A. lived in clans B. myth Japan formed by
gods dipping spear into sea and
children became Japanese ppl
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C. one clan gained control over other
clans formed dynasty D. Prince Shotoku
modeled Japans govt, art, architecture,
medicine, philosophy religion after China
7
Section 2 Shoguns and Samurai
  • IV. Govt(Politics)
  • A. Feudalism
  • 1. Emperor in charge of all land
  • 2. Shoguns - loyal to emperor help
  • control land w/ Daimyo help
  • 3. Daimyo - loyal to shogun - control
  • soldiers collect tax
  • 4. Samurai soldiers loyal to daimyo
  • 5. peasants, artisans, merchants pay
  • tax for protection

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B. Mongols tried to attack but were beat
by a storm
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Section 3 Life in Medieval Japan
  • V.Hx
  • A. Religion
  • 1. Shinto everything in nature has spirit,
  • ancestor worship, polytheistic
  • 2. Buddhism escape suffering by
  • following the path to enlightenment

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  • B. Achievements
  • 1. art
  • a. painted landscapes
  • b. statues
  • c. origami
  • d. flower arranging

15
  • 2. architecture
  • a. Chinese temples cities
  • b. Shinto shrines simple one rm,
    traditional
  • 3. literature
  • a. used Chinese as a base for writing
  • b. calligraphy
  • c. nature poems

16
  • C. Social Structure
  • 1. extended family
  • 2. men had more rights and control
  • 3. arranged marriages

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  • V Economics
  • A. farmers produce surplus crops for daimyo
  • B. artisans made weapons, tools, pottery
    textiles for Daimyo
  • C..merchants pay daimyo for protection
  • D. trade w/ Korea, China, SE Asia

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