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Industrial Waste Management Administration in Japan

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Session 3 Industrial Waste Management Administration in Japan Armando Bandeira dos Santos Jr. SUFRAMA April 6, 2010 Please take a look at the next . – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrial Waste Management Administration in Japan


1
Industrial Waste Management Administration in
Japan
Session 3
Armando Bandeira dos Santos Jr. SUFRAMA
April 6, 2010
2
Solid Waste Classification and Responsibility in
Japan
  • Solid waste arising from business activities is
    termed industrial waste and the enterprise is
    responsible for treating it.
  • All other solid waste is termed municipal waste
    and municipalities are responsible for management

Municipalities hold responsible
Ordinary garbage (combustible, non-combustible,
etc.)
Household waste
Oversize waste
Garbage
Establishment waste
Municipal waste
Nightsoil
Special control municipal waste
  • Solid
  • waste

Enterprises hold responsible
Waste arising from business activities
Industrial waste
Special control industrial waste
  • Special control municipal waste/special control
    industrial waste Hazardous, infectious or
    explosive waste
  • Industrial waste Cinders, sludge, waste oil,
    waste acid, waste alkali, waste plastics and
    other waste defined by Cabinet Order and imported
    waste

2
3
Responsibilities for solid waste management
  • Responsibility for the treatment of Urban Solid
    Wastes Responsibility from the Provincial
    Government the Government pays the service
    companies to recycle/treat such wastes
  • Responsibility for the treatment of Industrial
    Wastes Responsibility from the generator
    nevertheless, it is transferred to the management
    company once the wastes services company is
    hired the role of the generator is to identify
    problems in the source of the wastes.

4
Roles of National/Local Governments in Japan
National (Federal) Government
  • Defining national waste management policy,
  • Setting standards for the appropriate waste
    management,
  • Financial and technical support to the local
    government, etc.

Prefectures (States)
  • Establishing regional waste management program,
  • Ensuring the appropriate management of
    industrial waste,
  • Authorization for waste treatment facilities and
    landfills,
  • Providing technical aids to the municipalities,
    etc.

5
Roles of National/Local Governments in Japan
Municipal Government
  • Establishing municipal general waste management
    program,
  • Authorization for general waste treatment
    agents,
  • Treatment of municipal general waste human
    waste, among others
  • Municipal Solid Waste Domestic or Urban Solid
    Waste

6
Roles of Participants Regarding Industrial Waste
(1)
  • Japanese Population
  • - make an effort for waste reduction, waste
    recycling, waste separation, and self-disposal of
    waste
  • - follow up application/improvement of
    environmental laws
  • check the factories activities
  • accept to pay for special waste recycling

7
Roles of Participants Regarding Industrial Waste
(2)
  • Companies
  • treat waste produced by their own business
    activities under their own responsibility
    (on-site management)
  • make their best effort in reducing waste by
    recycling, reuse and reduction.
  • motivated by governmental support and internal
    competitiveness, waste service companies make
    searches in order to develop new treatment
    technologies and build up a positive image among
    the people

8
Roles of Participants Regarding Industrial Waste
(3)
  • Prefectural (State) Government
  • License to treat industrial waste and to install
    industrial waste facilities
  • On-the-spot inspection for companies, treatment
    contractors, and industrial waste facilities
  • Establish prefectural industrial waste treatment
    plans
  • National (Federal) Government
  • Promote technical development concerning
    collection, arrangement, and the provision of
    information on wastes and their treatment
  • Make the best efforts to provide technical and
    financial support for prefectural and municipal
    government to fulfill their own duties
  • License to import waste and verify the export of
    waste

9
Industrial Waste Disposal Flow in Japan (2002)
Note The percentage of the amount of discharge
does not correspond to the total percentages of
the amount of recycling, reduction, and final
disposal of waste due to rounding off.
(FY2002)
Amount of waste recycled and used (182 million
tons) 46
Amount of discharge 393 million tons (100)
Amount of waste directly recycled (82 million
tons)
Volume of waste recycled after treatment
Amount of treatment residues
Amount of waste finally disposed of after
processing
Amount of waste treated intermediately
Amount of waste reduced 175 million tons (44)
Amount of waste finally disposed 40 million
tons (10)
Amount of waste directly disposed of (20 million
tons)
Data Source MOE
10
Legal Framework
11
Waste Management Hierarchy under the Fundamental
Law
  • Basic principle for the sound material-cycle
    society

1. Source reduction or waste prevention
2. Reuse
3. Recycling
4. Energy recovery
5. Appropriate disposal
  • Extended producer responsibility EPR

12
IWM by Tokyo Metropolitan Government
Landfill Sites in Tokyo Bay
12
13
Responsibility for Appropriate IWM
14
Industrial Waste in Tokyo
FY2006
Industrial waste generated in TOKYO 24,448
UNITThousand tons
Others 5
Waste from Manufacturers 6
Treatment 23,787 (97.3)
Sewage Sludge 54
Dehydration, Pulverization, Incineration, etc.
Construction Demolition Waste 35
2.7
3.0
Recycling 7,836
Disposal 1,405 (5.7)
estimated by TMG
15
The TMG Waste Management Plan
Transformation into a recycling-oriented society
  • Reduction of natural resource consumption and
    waste generation
  • Minimization of environmental risks in the
    process of waste treatment

16
The TMG Waste Management PlanTarget 1
  • Reducing generation and promoting recycling
  • ?Reduce the final disposal of waste to 1,600,000
    tons in FY2010(Reduction of 35 from FY2004)
  • ?Promote recycling waste plastic to achieve zero
    landfill disposal
  • ?Increase the use of construction mud by 50

17
The TMG Waste Management PlanTarget 2
  • Reduction of environmental risks concerning waste
    treatment and recycling
  • ?Establish a system for hazardous waste treatment
    within Tokyo
  • ?Reinforce wide-area cooperation in the
    metropolitan area to eradicate illegal dumping of
    industrial waste

18
The TMG Waste Management PlanTarget 3
  • Promotion of the development of sound waste
    treatment and recycling business
  • ?Establish a system that enable reliable
    industrial waste disposal contractors to enhance
    their market value

19
Toward Zero-Landfilling Plastic Recycling
Composition of Landfilled MSW
FY2003
plastic
others
others
plastic
ash
ash
by volume
by weight
TMGs landfill site
20
Toward Zero-Landfilling(1) Ash Melting
In Tokyo 23 wards, most of incinerator ash is
melted into slag to be used as civil engineering
material.
slag
Arc Type Ash Melting Furnace
21
Toward Zero-Landfilling(2) Eco-cement
In the TAMA region, all of the incinerator ash
is used to produce Eco-cement.
benches
interlocking blocks
Eco-cement facilities
22
Summary of IWM in TMG
  • Most of industrial wastes are disposed of by
    licensed private companies.
  • About three quarters of industrial waste
    generated in Tokyo is disposed of in other
    prefectures.
  • We are cooperating with other local agencies to
    prevent illegal dumping.
  • We are promoting Super Eco-Town Project in order
    to establish environmentally sound industrial
    waste management.

23
Resource Recycling
  • TMG aims to build a recycling-oriented society by
    implementing the measures set forth in the TMG
    waste management plan.
  • The residents should fulfill their
    responsibilities as waste generators and improve
    their daily purchasing behavior.
  • According to the concept of EPR, business
    companies should take a responsible approach to
    reduce waste.
  • TMG will build new recycling systems and engage
    in the development of a wide-area framework in
    collaboration with private-sector companies and
    municipal governments.

24
General Law Concerning the Dissemination of the
3 Rs - The factories must follow the following
measures 1 - Reduce the generation of
sub-products in the production process and reuse
the used products as raw-material 2 - Adopt
zero emission measures 3 - Collection and
recycling of used products.
25
About the Industrial Waste Management in Japan
The governmental efforts in creating and
solidifying an environmental culture in Japan was
just providential, once the development of the
production and consumption as those noticed in
that country in the 1960s do not usually imply in
good examples concerning the handling of both
municipal and industrial wastes. Japan got to
overcome such trend by inventing in environmental
education and crating strict laws for the
separation, collection, transport, treatment and
final disposal of the wastes by generators and
management companies.
26
MASTER PLAN
Suggestions from SUFRAMA technicians for the
MASTER PLAN 1- Legislation specific regulation
for the 3Rs 2- Create a department for the
Management of Industrial Wastes in Suframa 3-
Give suport to awareness programs through of
educational actions related to the advantages of
environmental preservation 4- Implementation and
monitoring of the Waste Inventory Data Base, in
partnership with IPAAM 5- Suport for the
companies and other demands regarding to IWM 6-
Incentive for the setting of new WS and Recycling
companies 7- Acknowledge the recycling actions
of the factories, such as a green stamp or award
27
MASTER PLAN
Suggestions from SUFRAMA technicians for the
MASTER PLAN 8- Extend the adoption of ISO 9001
(Decree 783/1993), foreseen for the PBP of the
large factories, also for ISO 14001 (currently
voluntary) 9- Obligation of minimum percentages
for on-site waste treatment, in relation to
annual amounts generated for each factory 10-
Subsides for the acquisition/renewal of machines
and to obtain tested/patented technologies from
large management companies in Brazil and abroad,
including the treatment of their own wastes.
28
Thank you very much! Arigato gozaimasu
Armando Bandeira Jr. - asjunior_at_suframa.gov.br Dav
id Silva - david.silva_at_suframa.gov.br Rita Mariê
- rita.marie_at_suframa.gov.br SUFRAMA JICA Office
3321-7280/7281
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