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Real-Time Remote Sensing for Early Warning

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Title: Real-Time Remote Sensing for Early Warning


1
  • Real-Time Remote Sensing for Early Warning
    Mitigation of Disasters Epidemics
    The Kamal Ewida Earth Observatory (KEEO)
  • SfP 983168
  • PPD Prof. Dr. Magdy Abdel Wahab Cairo
    University, Egypt
  • NPD Gilbert L. Rochon, Ph. D.,MPH Purdue
    University, USA

Presentation before the NATO SfP Expert
Panel on Environmental Security- NATO HQ
Brussels, Belgium June 2, 2008
2
Dr. Mohammed Kamal Tolba Ewida
  • Dean, Faculty of Engineering- Zagazig University,
    Sharkia, Egypt
  • Delegate from Egypt to the NATO CCMS Pilot Study
    on Clean Products Processes
  • Project Coordinator, 1st Phase- eLearning System
    for Water Environmental Studies (eSWES)

Departed Nov. 4, 2006
3
NATO Science for Peace Project
  • REAL-TIME REMOTE SENSING FOR EARLY WARNING
    MITIGATION OF DISASTERS EPIDEMICS
  • Geostationary Groundstation at Al Azhar
    University European Space Agencys Meteosat
  • Tracking Groundstation at Cairo University for
    NOAA AVHRR, NASA Terra MODIS Aqua MODIS,
    Chinese Space Agencys FENG YUN, INPE-Brazils
    CBERS Egypt-NARSS EgyptSat I

4
NATO SfP KEEO Project Team
  • Right to Left
  • M.Shokr (Environment Canada)
  • Magdy Wahab (PPD-Cairo U.)
  • M. Atef (Aero/Astro-Cairo U.)
  • Gülay Altay (KOERI)
  • G.Rochon (NPD-Purdue U.)
  • Okan Ersoy (Purdue U.)
  • Gamal El Afandi(COO-Al Azhar U.)

5
Mitigation Problems to be Addressed
  • Natural Disasters
  • Earthquakes
  • Storms Flooding
  • Wild Fires
  • Drought Desertification
  • Epidemics Epizootics
  • Crop Failure, Famine Food Insecurity
  • Anthropogenic Disasters
  • Unintentional
  • Oil Chemical Spills
  • Air Pollution Water Pollution
  • Deliberate
  • Terrorist Incidents

6
Disaster Management Stages Remote Sensing
Contributes at each Stage
  • Vulnerability Assessment Remediation
  • Disaster Preparedness, Drills Simulations
  • Early Warning
  • Emergency Response, Search Rescue
  • Humanitarian Relief
  • Recovery
  • Post-Disaster Reconstruction

7
Current Status of Technology
  • EgyptSat I
  • Existing Groundstations
  • Need for Academic Community Access
  • Fiber Optic Backbone Among Egyptian Universities
  • Archival Real-Time Data
  • Collaborative Ties with other Data Providers,
    Spatial Data Scientists End-Users within
    Governmental Ministries, Multi-Lateral Agencies
    Universities

8
Goals of the Project
  • To establish two groundstations for real-time
    satellite remote sensing in Cairo, Egypt, a
    geostationary groundstation for ESA Meteosat at
    Al Azhar University and a tracking groundstation
    at Cairo University, initially for NOAA AVHRR,
    NASA MODIS Terra Aqua and EgyptSat I.
  • To provide training for faculty, students and
    Ministry staff scientific curricular
    enhancement for utilization of this technology
    for disaster mitigation, food security, disease
    vector habitat monitoring and environmental
    sustainability.
  • To collaborate with end-users in research and in
    supporting operational disaster management data
    product dissemination.

9
Novel Characteristics
  • Provides real-time data from satellite remote
    sensing to Egypts academic community for the
    first time.
  • Establishes critical redundancy during
    over-flight conflicts for data acquisition with
    Egypts National Authority for Remote Sensing
    Space Sciences
  • Enables Research on Vulnerability Assessment
    Best Management Practices for Disaster
    Mitigation, Early Warning, Humanitarian Response
    Recovery within the Egyptian Regional
    Contexts
  • Provides training and career opportunities for
    faculty students addressing applications of
    space-based technologies for sustainable
    development, food security public safety at two
    Egyptian Universities, with a combined total
    enrollment of 700,000 students.

10
Scientific Activities
  • Collaborative research between the NATO SfP
    Partnering Universities and the WHO Regional
    Office, based in Cairo, to integrate real-time
    remote sensing meteorological data with medical
    ecology data and epidemiological data, so as to
    identify, map and monitor infectious disease
    vector habitat, for timely intervention.
  • Collaborative interdisciplinary research on the
    contributing causes , potential mitigating
    factors best management practices associated
    with an array of biogenic anthropogenic
    disasters on the optimal use of remote sensing
    tools.

11
Deliverables/Milestones
  • Bid Specifications/Solicitation Installation of
    Groundstations in first quarter of 2009.
  • Implementation of Data Dissemination
    Collaborative Research with Ministries,
    Multi-Lateral Agencies and Academic Departments.
  • Relevant Curricular Enhancement Training for
    Faculty, Students End-Users
  • Development of a Hub for Broader Access to
    Near-Real-Time Data Product Distribution
  • Video Documentary on the NATO SfP KEEO
    Collaboration among institutions in Egypt,
    Turkey the USA.

12
Quantified Criteria for Success
  • Successful Vendor Selection and Installation of
    2 Groundstations during First Quarter, 2009.
  • Real-Time Acquisition of ESA Meteosat Data 24
    hrs./day 7 days/week
  • Real-Time Acquisition of data from at least 3
    polar orbiting satellites (e.g NASA MODIS Terra
    Aqua, NOAA AVHRR, CBERS, Feng Yun EgyptSat I)
    Near-Real-Time Data Transfer
  • Operational Data Utilization by 2 Ministries and
    1 UN Agency for Disaster Mitigation.

13
Quantified Criteria for Success Continued
  • Training Established for 5 end-users, 10 faculty
    and 40 students in application of remote sensing
    applications for disaster mitigation
  • 10-15 minute video documentary completed on the
    collaboration among NATO sponsored universities
    in Egypt, Turkey and the USA with their regional
    end-users of remotely sensed data for disaster
    early warning mitigation.
  • A Disaster-Mitigation Hub established in FY 2
  • Publication of 2 peer reviewed journal articles
    and presentation at 2 major conferences/year

14
Institutes Involved Their Expertise
  • Cairo University Giza, Egypt
  • Meteorology, Storms, Flooding
  • Aerospace Engineering, Technology Applications
  • Al Azhar University Nasr City, Egypt
  • Meteorology, Drought, Desertification
  • Environmental Hazard Remediation
  • Bogaziçi University Istanbul, Turkey
  • Kandilli Observatory Earthquake Research
    Institute
  • Disaster Monitoring, Mitigation In Situ Sensing
  • Purdue University W. Lafayette, Indiana, USA
  • Purdue Terrestrial Observatory Public Health
    Applications
  • Remote Sensing High Performance Computing
  • Sustainable Development Environmental
    Sustainability

15
Cairo University
  • Centennial Anniversary on Dec. 21, 2008
  • Student Enrollment 200,000
  • Partner Country Project Director-PPD
  • Prof. Dr. M. Magdy Abdel Wahab, Chair, Dept.
    of Meteorology Astronomy, Faculty of Science

16
  • Al Azhar University was founded 988 A.D.- 1,020
    years old in 2008 2nd oldest continuous
    university after the University of Al Karaouine
    in Fes, Morocco, 859 A.D..
  • Multi-Campus Student Enrollment 500,000
  • Project Co-Director Dr. Gamal El Afandi, Dept.
    of Meteorology Astronomy, Faculty of Science
  • Al Azhar University

17
Bogaziçi University- Kandilli Observatory
Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI)
  • Founded in 1868 in Istanbul, Turkey, during the
    reign of Abdülâziz, the 32nd Sultan of the
    Ottoman Empire
  • Project Co-Director, Prof. Dr. Gülay Altay,
    Director, KOERI

18
Purdue University-W. Lafayette, Indiana USA
Founded 1869 69,000 students Multi-Campus
  • Purdue Terrestrial Observatory
  • NATO Country Project Director (NPD)
    Dr. Gilbert Rochon
  • Co-Director Dr. Okan Ersoy

19
Project Management
KEEO ADVISORY BOARD
20
Collaborators/End-Users
  • Dr. Mohamed A. Fawzi, Director, Crisis Disaster
    Management Sector, Office of the Prime Minister
  • Prof. Dr. Ayman El-Dessouki, Chairman
  • National Authority for Remote Sensing Space
    Sciences (NARSS) Eng. Belal M. Elleithy, Ground
    Receiving Manager, NARSS
  • Prof. Dr. Ayman Abu Hadid, President,
    Agricultural Research Center

21
Collaborators/End Users
  • Altaf S. Musani, MPH,Regional Advisor, Emergency
    Preparedness Humanitarian Action, WHO
  • Babiker Abdalla Ibrahim, Ph.D., Regional Project
    Coordinator (Egypt, Sudan Ethiopia) Flood
    Preparedness Early Warning-Eastern Nile
    Technical Office (ENTRO)
  • Prof. Dr. Mostafa M. Emara, Director, Science
    Center for Detection Remediation of
    Environmental Hazards (SCDREH) Al Azhar
    University
  • Prof. Dr. Mortada Mourad El-Aref, Director, Basel
    Convention Regional Training Center Director,
    Cairo Univ. Center for Environmental Hazard
    Mitigation

22
End-Users Their Contributions
  • NARSS- Egypts Space Agency is contributing the
    expertise of its Aswan Ground Station Manager,
    access to data from EgyptSat I, joint sharing of
    data archives critical redundancy in data
    collection for orbital conflicts disaster
    mitigation.
  • Ministry of Agricultures Agricultural Research
    Center is offering access to their laboratories
    for ground reference information (e.g. analysis
    of soil, vegetation, water insect vector
    samples).

23
End-Users/Collaborators
  • Office of the Prime Minister- is committed to
    fully integrating data from the NATO SfP KEEO
    into their disaster planning, simulation,
    mitigation response activities to provide
    fellowships for junior faculty and internships
    for students to obtain operational experience
    and service learning.
  • The WHO Regional Office has welcomed the KEEO
    team to collaborate in research to develop a
    spatial database incorporating real-time data on
    disease vector habitat.
  • ENTRO will partner with KEEO on its World-Bank
    supported Nile Flooding project, sharing data
    technical personnel.

24
Distribution of NATO SfP Funding
EGYPT 255K Euros TURKEY 22.5K Euros USA
22.5K Euros TOTAL 300K Euros
25
How Possible NATO Funding will change the
previous research at the partnering Universities
in Egypt
  • Cairo University
  • Greatly encourage multi-disciplinary research a
    focus on remote sensing applications for disaster
    preparedness environmental hazards, jointly
    with the Basel Convention.
  • Al Azhar University
  • Significantly impact closer ties among faculties
    departments as well as stronger interactions
    with UN agencies/governmental ministries for
    applied research collaborations simulation
    exercises.

26
PROJECT STRENGTHS OPENESS ISSUES
  • The project benefits from a coalition of
    exceptionally strong research universities in
    Egypt, Turkey the USA
  • The project has established high level commitment
    from key government ministries in Egypt, regional
    offices of the UN and established operatives in
    both the remote sensing disaster mitigation
    communities.
  • The project is offering its raw data freely to
    other universities will develop a hub for wide
    dissemination of standard data products

27
PROJECTS CONTRIBUTION TO STABILITY, SECURITY
PEACE
  • NATO SfP support of this KEEO project will
    directly enable
  • Real-time remote sensing applications for a wide
    array of time-critical events, including natural
    and man-made disasters, public health
    emergencies, and food security issues
  • Closer on-going collaboration between the
    academic community, governmental ministries and
    multi-lateral agencies charged with public
    safety, peaceful resolution of conflict, regional
    environmental sustainability and sustainable
    development.

28
Equal Opportunity Technology Applications in
Africa, Asia Latin America
  • Famine Early Warning (FEWS) Project Food
    Security
  • Africa Real-Time Environmental Monitoring
    Information System (ARTEMIS)
  • African Association for Remote Sensing of
    Environment (AARSE)
  • Precision Agriculture Water Resources
    Conservation
  • Coastal Zone Morphology
  • Regional Impact of Climate Change
  • Forest Resource Assessment
  • Biodiversity Natural Resource Management
  • Sustainable Industrial Development Infectious
    Disease Vector Habitat Identification

29
  • http//modland.nascom.nasa.gov/gallery/
  • ?Korea.A2000097.0235.825x1075.jpg

MODIS Image April 6, 2000 Korea 36 Bands
Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-Radiometer
(MODIS)
30
NOAA AVHRR- UN FAO- ARTEMIS FEWS Desert
Locust- Schistocerca gregaria
  • DOC NOAA- US Dept of Commerce, National Oceanic
    Atmospheric Administration
  • AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
  • HRPT High Resolution Picture Transmission
  • GAC- Global Area Coverage (4 km)
  • LAC- Local Area Coverage (1.1 km)
  • UN FAO ARTEMIS

31
Egypt from Space
32
Need for Moderate Resolution High Resolution
Data
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