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The First People

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The First People Dating System BC or BCE BC = Before Christ BCE = Before Common Era AD or CE AD = Anno Domini (what s it mean?) CE = Common Era How old is it? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The First People


1
The First People
2
Dating System
  • BC or BCE
  • BC Before Christ
  • BCE Before Common Era
  • AD or CE
  • AD Anno Domini (whats it mean?)
  • CE Common Era

3
How old is it?
  • Artifacts
  • Archaeologists gather artifacts and other clues
    from dig site
  • Carbon-14
  • Carbon-14 is an element found in all living
    things
  • Once something dies, the organism stops producing
    carbon, and it decays
  • The amount of carbon left tells us how long ago
    the organism died

4
Prehistory
  • Writing not developed until 5000 years ago
    (around 3000 BC)
  • Stories, drawings, and artifacts
  • Prehistory (Prehistoric Times)
  • Time before written records

5
Prehistory
  • What happened in prehistoric times ????
  • Archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians
    piece together clues to figure out what happened

6
Hominids
  • Hominids
  • The Great Apes
  • Humans and their early ancestors
  • Ancestors
  • Relatives who lived in the past
  • Creation / Evolution / both?
  • You decide based on your beliefs

7
Hominid Taxonomy
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • Phylum Chordata
  • Class Mammalia
  • Order Primates
  • Family Hominidae
  • Genus Australopithecus / Homo
  • Species (see the following slides)

8
Australopithecus
  • Australopithecus
  • Southern ape
  • Africa 4-5 million years ago
  • Stood upright, walked on two legs
  • Brain 1/3 the size of modern humans
  • Australopithecus afarensis
  • Lucy

9
Homo habilis
  • Homo habilis
  • Handy man
  • Africa 2.4 million years ago
  • Used early stone tools
  • Chopping and scraping
  • Brain ½ size of modern humans

10
Homo erectus
  • Homo erectus
  • Upright man
  • Africa 2-1.5 million years ago
  • Used stone tools like hand ax
  • Learned to control fire
  • Migrated out of Africa to Asia and Europe

11
Homo neanderthalensis
  • Homo neanderthalensis
  • Neanderthal
  • named for the Neander Valley, Germany, where
    first skull was found
  • Europe and Asia 350,000 years ago
  • Buried their dead
  • Developed language???

12
Homo sapiens
  • Homo sapiens
  • Wise man
  • Africa 200,000 years ago
  • Migrated around the world
  • Modern humans
  • Controlled fire and more complicated tools
  • Developed language
  • Extremely important step

13
The Stone Ages
  • Paleolithic Era
  • Old Stone Age
  • Paleo old / lithic stone
  • Mesolithic Era
  • Middle Stone Age
  • Meso middle / lithic stone
  • Neolithic Era
  • New Stone Age
  • Neo new / lithic stone

14
Paleolithic Era
  • Beginning of humanity (4.5 million years ago)
    until about 10,000 BC (end of last ice age)
  • Sharpened stone tools
  • No developed agriculture
  • Hunter-gatherer societies
  • Hunter-gatherers
  • Hunted animals
  • Gathered plants, nuts, fruit
  • Societies
  • Shared common culture

15
Mesolithic Era
  • About 10,000 BC to 5,000 BC
  • No developed agriculture
  • Used more complex tools
  • Hooks and spears for fishing
  • Bows and arrows for hunting
  • More complex societies
  • Migration over Bering Land Bridge after ice age
    ? Beringia

16
Neolithic Era
  • Began anywhere from 10,000 to 5,000 BC (depending
    on location)
  • The Neolithic Revolution
  • Development of agriculture
  • Agriculture
  • Farming ? especially the three sisters
  • Domestication of plants and animals
  • Domestication
  • Taming wild plantsand animals for human use

17
Neolithic Era
  • Very complex societies and tools
  • Specialization of skills
  • Lived in small tribes, ruled by a chief or a
    council of elders
  • Male-dominated groups

18
Neolithic Era
  • Polytheistic
  • Worshipped nature
  • Built megaliths
  • mega big / liths stones
  • Like Stonehenge
  • For religion? For a calendar?
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