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Global Environmental Management

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Global Environmental Management Effective Management Requires: Understanding Change Understanding the Range of Options Selecting Desirable Futures among the Options ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global Environmental Management


1
Global Environmental Management
2
Effective Management Requires
  • Understanding Change
  • Understanding the Range of Options
  • Selecting Desirable Futures among the Options
  • Managing Change to Achieve a Desirable Future

3
Understanding Change In the Global Environment
  • Environmental change is natural, normal
  • Some change is predictable to an incredible
    degree
  • Daylight, phases of the moon, tides
  • Other change is cyclical but less predictable
  • Severity of the seasons, periods and strengths of
    El Ninos, periods of glaciation

4
Coping with Episodic Change
  • Episodic Change is Harder to Predict, at Least
    Very Far in Advance
  • Earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions,
    hurricanes, tornadoes, hail, floods, blizzards
  • Amelioration
  • Understanding the physical processes
  • Taking into account the risks
  • Making individual and group decisions

5
Differentiating Natural And Human-Induced Changed
  • Issue when change occurs is the change part of
    natural fluctuations or even a new natural trend,
    or is it because of what people have done to the
    global circulation system?
  • How do you know what you know? Global warming
    has now been studied scientifically for a couple
    of decades

6
Weight of Scientific Evidence
  • Human activity is warming the atmosphere
  • Industrial and internal combustion engine
    pollution have changed the content of the
    atmosphere, impacting solar radiation, plant
    function
  • Human activity is dissipating the ozone layer
  • Covering surfaces impedes the penetration of
    water into soil and the water table

7
Environmental Dilemma
  • Which is worse?
  • Ignoring a problem we should address?
  • Acting when no action is necessary?

8
Agreeing on Desirable Futures
  • Achieving a desirable future requires agreeing on
    what the future should be as well as agreeing on
    what processes and policies are desirable in and
    of themselves
  • What do we see as an appropriate way for us to
    live?
  • What kind of world do we want to leave for our
    descendents?

9
Scale Environmental Policy
  • Eleanor Ostrom
  • Environmental issues should be addressed by
    institutions encompassing sufficiently extensive
    territories to internalize externalities or
    eliminate spillovers
  • Environmental issues should be addressed by the
    most local institution that can deal with the
    problem

10
Jurisdictional Assignments
  • We need to have government large enough to
    address the issue but near enough to be
    responsive to those really involved
  • So, what issues should be addressed by
    municipalities, counties, states and federal
    governments? Regional institutions? The whole
    world?

11
Addressing Global Warming
  • What is it?
  • Why is it happening?
  • What difference does it make?
  • What should be done about it?
  • How should it be addressed?

12
External View
  • US is the rich kid who owns the ball and
    therefore wants to make all the rules
  • Problem The ball is planet Earth, and it
    belongs to everyone. In addition, a solution
    will require global cooperation
  • What is the cost of being wrong?
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