Medical Waste Reduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Medical Waste Reduction

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Nevertheless, recycling is essential in hospital waste management and environmental protection. Some of the benefits listed by the Environmental Protection Agency ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medical Waste Reduction


1
Medical Waste Reduction
  • Kate Konkova
  • PUBH-6165-2

2
Introduction
  • Source Reduction
  • Proper Segregation
  • Recycling
  • Reusing

3
Source Reduction
  • Source reduction, what is it?
  • Waste increase
  • Lack of waste tracking in the hospitals
  • 1. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
    (2009). Reduce Reuse. www.epa.gov
  • Chen, I. (05 July 2010). In the world of
    throwaways, making a dent in medical waste. The
    New York Times. www.nytimes.com

4
Source Reduction
  • Reducing the amount of toxic medical waste
  • Xylene Alternatives (Histosolve, Clear-Rite3)
  • Product substitution with recycled content
  • Use of alternate technologies
  • Sustainable Hospitals Project. (2003). Pilot
    study of alternatives to the use of xylene in a
    hospital histology laboratory. www.sustainablehosp
    itals.org

5
Proper Segregation
  • Non-hazardous waste mixed with hazardous waste
    constitutes hazardous waste.
  • Disposing medical waste 480 per ton
  • Disposing non-medical (municipal) waste 24 per
    ton
  • Earth911. (2010). Tips for recycling medical
    waste. www.earth911.com

6
Recycle
  • Recycling turns materials that would otherwise
    become waste into valuable resources.
  • Benefits of Recycling
  • Protects U.S. manufacturing jobs and increases
    U.S. competitiveness
  • Reduces the need for landfilling and incineration
  • Prevents pollution
  • Saves energy
  • Decreases emissions of greenhouse gases
  • Conserves natural resources
  • Helps sustain the environment for future
    generations
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2010).
    Recycling. www.epa.gov

7
Recycle
  • Recycle materials in the hospitals
  • Paper
  • Corrugated Boxes
  • Batteries
  • Ink Cartridges
  • Aluminum Cans
  • Steel cans
  • Electronic Equipment
  • Pallets
  • Textiles
  • Mercury
  • Fluorescent Lamps

8
Recycle - Paper
  • The Health Insurance Portability and
    Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy and
    Security Rules 
  • Shred
  • Use double-sided paper

9
Recycle - Electronics
  • Computers
  • Monitors
  • TVs
  • Cell phones
  • Fax Machines

10
Reuse
  • Donating
  • Reprocessing
  • Reusable equipment and supplies

11
Reuse - Donating
  • Unused hospital beds
  • Unused medical equipment
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Extra hospital supplies

12
Reuse - Reprocessing
  • The American Society for Healthcare Central
    Service Professionals (ASHCSP) says it includes
    all operations performed to render a used
    reusable or single-use device patient-ready or to
    allow an unused product that has been opened to
    be made patient-ready.
  • In-house program
  • Third-party reprocessor.
  • An estimated 1,800 hospitals diverted 2,650 tons
    of garbage from landfills in 2009.
  • Selvey, D. (2001). Medical Device Reprocessing.
    Infection Control Today. www.infectioncontroltoday
    .com

13
Reuse Equipment / Supplies
  • Transport plastic bags
  • Transport containers
  • Linen
  • Dishware

14
Conclusion
  • Source Reduction
  • Proper Segregation
  • Recycle
  • Reuse

15
References
  • Chen, I. (05 July 2010). In the world of
    throwaways, making a dent in medical waste. The
    New York Times. www.nytimes.com
  • Earth911. (2010). Tips for recycling medical
    waste. www.earth911.com
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2009).
    Reduce Reuse. www.epa.gov
  • Selvey, D. (2001). Medical Device Reprocessing.
    Infection Control Today. www.infectioncontroltoday
    .com
  • Sustainable Hospitals Project. (2003). Pilot
    study of alternatives to the use of xylene in a
    hospital histology laboratory. www.sustainablehosp
    itals.org
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