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Mark Twain (biography)


Mark Twain (biography) Who is he? Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens, 1835-1910) is an American icon. His books - like The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mark Twain (biography)

Mark Twain (biography)
Who is he?
  • Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens, 1835-1910)
    is an American icon.
  • His books - like The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and
    Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are known all
    through the world. These books define two sides
    of an imagined American childhood.
  • He was - still is - the cigar-smoking
    humorist-sage whose very name inspires smiles
    "As Mark Twain said..."
  • But Mark Twain's life and career were more varied
    and complex than most people realize. He was a
    printer and journalist, steamboat pilot, gold and
    silver miner, a newspaper editor, author, and
    publisher. He was also deeply involved in
    American political and cultural issues, and an
    active participant in several anti-imperialist

What did he look like?
  • Although he first began to wear his famous white
    suit in public in 1906, just a few years before
    his death, that is the most familiar image of
    Mark Twain for people throughout the world.

The very beginning
  • Sam was born in November 30, 1835 in a very small
    town called Florida near Hannibal in Missouri.

The very beginning
  • The village contained a hundred people and Sam
    increased the population by 1 per cent. Most
    of the houses were of logs.

The very beginning
  • Beyond and beyond, shining in the sun, the
    Mississippi rolled to the distant sea. The
    beside this river, Samuel Clemens grew into his

The very beginning
  • Sam saw negrous chained like animals for
    transportation to richer slave markets to the
    South. His father owned slaves. For a girl of
    fifteen he paid twelve dollars for a woman of
    twenty-five he paid twenty-five dollars for a
    strong negro woman of forty he paid forty
  • All the negroes of his own age were good friends
    of Sam. The young boy has always remember these
    sad things.

The very beginning
  • Better things Sam remembered also. He remembered
    below the village woods a heavenly place where
    he played with the boys.
  • When he was four Sams family moved to Hannibal.
    There in 1849 his father died. Before the funeral
    Sam promised to his mother to be a better boy, to
    go to work, and care for her.
  • Sam soon had to live school and take a part time
    job as delivery and errand boy for Hannibals
    newspaper serving at times as grocers clerk,
    blacksmiths helper and booksellers assistant.
  • Then he tried to write comic stories and
    sketches. His first known publication was a story
    "A Gallant Fireman. It was published in
    Hannibal Western Union (January 16, 1851). Sam
    was 15 years old.

Pilot on Mississippi
  • But the life of comic newspaper author was very
    hard and gave very little money.
  • Traveling by the streamer Paul Jones to New
    Orleans Sam Clemens liked the job of steamboat
  • In April 1857 Sam started his four years of life
    on the Mississippi his pilot days. Many years
    later he described those days in his famous book.

Pilot on Mississippi
  • For seven month Sam trained a cub pilot. The
    training went on and on. All signs of the sky
    were very important to him at night and in fog
    new dangers came cool bargers, floating logs...
  • Piloting on the Mississippi River was not work
    to me, it was play delightful play, adventures
    play and I loved it.
  • Sam listened to the Mississippi leadmans call
  • M-a-r-k three? M-a-r-k twain?
  • On the twenty-third birthday he got a pilots
    license, and took the name of Mark Twain.
  • Sam was happy, and life was beautiful. He played
    the piano, sang songs of the river he was nice
    and everybody liked him.
  • It was as pilot that Mark Twain learned to know
    human nature of the world round him.
  • When in 1861 the Civil War broke out steam
    boating ceased and Mark Twain was left without

Happy years
  • Trough the next years Sam lived mostly in Nevada
    and earned his own living as he could. He had
    been a printer, a miner, a newspaper man.
  • When he was twenty-nine, he became a special
    correspondent of the Sacramento Union in
    California. Now he would travel around the world,
    and he would write of the places he saw and the
    people he meet.
  • Sam Clemens married Olivia (Livy) Langdon on the
    2nd of February, 1870. The next day they went to
    Buffalo where Sam bought a share in newspaper.

Olivia and Clara, their elder daughter, 1895
Happy years
  • Livys father Jervis Langdon had bought and
    furnished a new and beautiful house for the young
    couple in a fashionable street in Buffalo.
  • Sam worked a lot, editing Buffalo Express,
    writing for the New York magazines, and
    collecting material for a new book Roughing It
    the story of his Nevada mining and newspaper
    days. It was published when he was thirty-six. It
    was a great success.
  • The Clemenss moved than to Hartford,
    Connecticut. The twenty years between 1875 and
    1894 were the happiest and the wealthiest for
    Samuel Clemens. He wrote his best books in
    Hartford, in a wonderful house built for him and
    his family. The rooms were large and always
    joyful with company and friends. Here two his
    daughters Clara and Susy were born.

Mark Twains house in Hartford, Connecticut,
constructed 1874.
Mark Twains family and house in Hartford
Samuel Clemens in Oxford robe
The famous writer
  • From 1851 until 1871, Mark Twain wrote primarily
    for newspapers and magazines.
  • The success of his second book, The Innocents
    Abroad (1869), and a contract for a third,
    Roughing It (1872), allowed him to leave
    journalism to become a full-time as an author of
    books. Mark Twain was writing and lecturing.
  • In June, 1874, he began one of his greatest
    books The Adventures of Tom Sawyer the book
    about his own childhood.
  • Mark Twain published more than forty books and
    pamphlets during his lifetime.

Famous books by Mark Twain
  • 1869The Innocents Abroad.
  • 1872Roughing It.
  • 1876The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
  • 1882The Prince and the Pauper.
  • 1883Life on the Mississippi.
  • 1885Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
  • 1889A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.
  • 1897Following the Equator.
  • 1900 The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg and Other
    Stories and Essays.
  • 1904Extracts from Adam's Diary.
  • 1906What Is Man?
  • 1906Eve's Diary.
  • 1907Christian Science.
  • 1907A Horse's Tale.
  • 1909Extract from Captain Stormfield's Visit to

The most famous books by Mark Twain
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer first came out in
1876. By the time Mark Twain died, it had become
an American classic, and it remains perhaps the
best-loved of all his books among general
readers. One of pages from
the first edition
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Illustrations to the first edition of The
Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Tom painting the fence
Tom and Bekky
Aunt Polly
Illustrations to the first edition of The
Adventures of Tom Sawyer
On the island
At the Sunday school
Joe the Indian
Made by
  • Vershkova T., 404a, 2006