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Specific Learning Disabilities Pre-Quiz

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012007, W-2 BW-2 PTS ... Pre-Quiz Dr. James Koller, Ph.D. University of Missouri at Columbia Specific Learning Disabilities Pre-Quiz Individuals with Specific ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Specific Learning Disabilities Pre-Quiz


1
Specific Learning Disabilities Pre-Quiz
  • Dr. James Koller, Ph.D.
  • University of Missouri at Columbia

2
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with Specific Learning Disabilities
    (SLD) have at least average intelligence.
  • True or False?

3
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD show low, but consistent,
    performance.
  • True or False?

4
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD often have sensory
    processing problems.
  • True or False?

5
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD are often associated with
    minimal brain dysfunction.
  • True or False?

6
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • An individual with SLD can have a family history
    of SLD.
  • True or False?

7
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • SLD is more often seen in males compared to
    females.
  • True or False?

8
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • SLD tends to resolve itself and generally
    disappears in adolescence.
  • True or False?

9
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • SLD is not confined to academic deficits.
  • True or False?

10
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • An estimated 50-80 of individuals in adult
    education and literacy programs have SLD.
  • True or False?

11
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD comprise 30 of the general
    population.
  • True or False?

12
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • An individual can have a diagnosis of SLD and not
    be disabled.
  • True or False?

13
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD have more emotional
    disturbance than individuals without SLD.
  • True or False?

14
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD can also have coexisting
    ADHD.
  • True or False?

15
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • SLD can be determined using a recognized
    screening tool.
  • True or False?

16
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals who are school dropouts may be
    inaccurately diagnosed SLD because they show a
    significant discrepancy between intelligence and
    achievement.
  • True or False?

17
Specific Learning Disabilities pre-quiz
  • Individuals with SLD should not be told they have
    a learning disability.
  • True or False?

18
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • Individuals with SLD are guaranteed protection
    under the law.
  • True or False?

19
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD usually have at least
    average intelligence. True
  • They are in the average range, or the Curve
    of Normal Probability. SLD can and does,
    however, occur outside the average range, e.g.
    borderline or gifted.

20
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Average IQ range falls between 85 and 115.

21
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD show low, but consistent,
    performance. False
  • Individuals with SLD can show very high
    performance. One benchmark for individuals with
    SLD is the inconsistency.

22
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD often have sensory
    processing problems. True
  • SLD is a central nervous system processing
    disorder and has nothing to do with acuity. Its
    the actual processing of the signal (auditory,
    visual, tactile, kinesthetic) that gets jumbled.
  • Learning Triad
  • Acquisition Retention Transfer

23
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD are often associated with
    minimal brain dysfunction. True
  • Although many adults with SLD will not have an
    actual medical diagnosis, the assumption is that
    there are differences or difficulties in how the
    brain works.

24
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • An individual with SLD can have a family history
    of SLD. True
  • There are some types of SLD that appear to have
    a strong genetic link. This doesnt mean that
    all individuals with SLD have an inherited
    disorder or are even predisposed to SLD. There
    are several types of SLD.

25
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • SLD is more often seen in males compared to
    females. True
  • Part of the reason likely lies in a
    social/gender expectation issue. Current
    substantive research indicates that females are
    as likely as males to have SLD.

26
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • SLD tends to resolve itself and generally
    disappears in adolescence. False
  • SLD is a lifelong phenomenon. However,
    significant evidence exists that through
    effective accommodation, remediation and/or
    circumvention efforts, improvement in the quality
    of life can be realized.

27
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • SLD is not confined to academic deficits. True
  • Academics are but one area in which SLD
    manifests, and there are many reasons why an
    individual may demonstrate an academic deficit.
    SLD is but one reason.

28
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • An estimated 50-80 of individuals in adult
    education and literacy programs have SLD True
  • While no one knows the exact incidence, most
    authorities estimate the figure to be within
    these parameters. This underscores the
    importance of ruling out the disorder in every
    customer we serve.

29
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD comprise 30 of the general
    population. False
  • While no one knows for sure, the incidence of
    SLD is thought to be high, but not this high.
    Typically, most authorities will not exceed the
    10-15 range.

30
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • An individual can have a diagnosis of SLD and not
    be disabled. True
  • Absolutely. The determination of a disability
    is a function of how the purported symptomology
    impacts daily activities. The key to severity of
    a disability is a function of its intensity,
    frequency and duration on the job or in life.

31
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD have more emotional
    disturbance than individuals without SLD. True
  • Some research evidence shows a co-morbid rate as
    high as 60. This doesnt mean it is severe
    enough to warrant a Diagnostic and Statistical
    Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) diagnosis,
    but feelings of depression, etc., are common.

32
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD can also have a coexisting
    ADHD. True
  • Increasing research evidence shows a
    relationship as high as 33.

33
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • SLD can be determined using a recognized
    screening tool. False
  • A screening tool is used to screen, not
    diagnose. It can only add credence to an
    assumption that the customer should likely be
    referred for diagnostic testing.

34
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals who are school dropouts may be
    inaccurately diagnosed SLD because they show a
    significant discrepancy between intelligence and
    achievement. True
  • Depending on the condition of the dropout and
    when it occurred, those with an impoverished
    background who do not continue to participate in
    academic training likely will show deficits. Few
    individuals have the means to continue academic
    training on their own.

35
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD should not be told they have
    a learning disability. False
  • That is against the law.

36
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz Answers
  • Individuals with SLD are guaranteed protection
    under the law. True
  • Individuals with an officially diagnosed SLD are
    entitled to protection under the law, whether
    IDEA, Reauthorization of the Rehabilitation Act
    (Section 504), or ADA.

37
Specific Learning DisabilitiesPre-Quiz
  • James R. Koller, Ph.D.
  • Professor, Chair
  • Center for the Advancement of Mental Health
    Practices in the Schools
  • University of Missouri-Columbia
  • Columbia, MO 65211
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