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Feminist Theory

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Feminist Theory The Gender Ratio The Feminization of Crime The Generalization Problem The Gender Gap or Ratio Males dominate Criminal Offending UCR data Total ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Feminist Theory


1
Feminist Theory
  • The Gender Ratio
  • The Feminization of Crime
  • The Generalization Problem

2
The Gender Gap or Ratio
  • Males dominate Criminal Offending
  • UCR data
  • Total Offending Male to Female is 3.5 to 1
  • Serious Violent Male to Female is 5 to 1
  • Relationship holds for self-report data, over
    time, across societies
  • One exception is for juvenile status offenses

3
Is the gender gap shrinking?
  • Yes and No
  • Yes
  • The gender gap has shrunk a little bit, but still
    very large
  • increase in female offending is misleading
  • b/c small base rate, minor increases are
    amplified
  • Adlers Womens Lib hypothesis
  • Youve come a long way baby, but you still commit
    traditional female crimes

4
Explaining the Gender Gap
  • Can Mainstream Theory Explain the Gender Gap?
  • Gender Crime/Delinquency
  • Mainstream Theory
  • Variables

5
Example of Study Jensen (2001)
  • Gender Delinquency
  • Deterrence
  • Self-Concept/Sex Roles
  • Antisocial Attitudes
  • Maternal Controls
  • Delinquent Peers

6
And the winners are
  • Antisocial Attitudes
  • Delinquent Peers
  • Gender Roles
  • Combination of these three knocks gender out of
    the picture
  • Or, controlling for these factors, gender no
    longer predicts delinquency

7
The Generalizibility Issue
  • Patriarchal society?Males also dominate
    criminological theorizing
  • Are males biased in their perspective?
  • Traditional image of females as good
  • If delinqeunt or criminal pathology
  • Tests of delinquency based on males?
  • Can male theories of crime explain female
    delinquency?
  • Similar questions have been raised regarding
    intervention/treatment

8
Factors Unique Female Offending?
  • Gender Roles
  • Physical Maturity
  • Caspi et al Delinquent Peers x early Maturity
  • Sexual abuse
  • Self-esteem

9
What is the evidence?
  • Many mainstream theories have been tested on
    females
  • Most predict female offending as well as male
    offending
  • Some (control theories) predict female offending
    better than male offending
  • Could we still do better?
  • Feminist theories of crime

10
Other Feminist Concerns
  • The Corrections System
  • 1 prison per state
  • Treatment programs
  • Few available, geared towards male, stereotypical
  • Still belief in pathology
  • Women much more likely to be medicated
  • Issues of pregnancy and children
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