Ancient India vs. Ancient China - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ancient India vs. Ancient China

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Ancient India vs. Ancient China India Geography North China South Asian Plain of Indus Huang He (Yellow River) Periodic flooding=renewal of fertile ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient India vs. Ancient China


1
Ancient India vs. Ancient China
2
India Geography North
ChinaSouth Asian Plain of Indus Huang He
(Yellow River)
  • Periodic floodingrenewal of fertile soil
  • Humid subtropical climatedifficulty storing food
  • Himalaya Mts.shielded from winter cold and
    invasions
  • Monsoons and snowmeltabundant water supply and
    maritime trade (later)
  • Passes in northwestcontact with Middle East
  • Floods carry loessrenewal of soil fertility
  • Much mountainous and semidesert landsettlement
    only along rivers
  • Violent floodingdike building for control
  • Mountain, desert, and jungle barrierscultural
    isolationunique/homogeneous culture
  • Climate split between arid, cool north and wet,
    warm south

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4
India Political Patterns China
  • Centralized govt evident in prominence of
    logically planned cities with public buildings
    and services
  • Small feudal kingdoms later unified by Zhou
    Dynasty
  • Expansion from Shang?Zhou?Qin
  • Highly centralized autocracy and unification
    later under the Qin Dynasty
  • Dynastic Cycle and idea of Mandate of Heaven

5
Mandate of Heaven
6
India Social/Economic China
  • Trade with Mesopotamia, South India, and
    Afghanistan
  • Uncertainty about how society was organized
    small republics, rule by priests, or early form
    of caste system(Minimal evidencelittle definite
    knowledge)
  • Undecipherable writing
  • Elaborately planned cities, standardized weights
    and measures, architectural design
  • Unlike other civilizations, it produced no
    palaces, temples, elaborate graves, kings, or
    warrior class
  • King, aristocratic ruling class, and bureaucracy
    made up of warrior families
  • Peasant farmers and slaves
  • Artisan/craft workers
  • Merchants
  • Patriarchal
  • Impressive cultural continuity into modern times

7
India Religious China
  • Importance of fertilityworship of mother goddess
  • Clay tablet images of godsprototypes of Hindu
    deities?
  • Clay animal figuresgreat respect for livestock
    such as cows?
  • King worshipped as mediator between people and
    godsruler was son of heaven
  • Early written language with oracle bones as early
    documents
  • Early worship of dead royalty set pattern for
    ancestor veneration
  • Confucianismsecular belief in ethical conduct
    and social harmony
  • Taoismphilosophy focusing on living in harmony
    with laws of nature

8
Interactions/technology
  • Decline of Indus valley due to change in
    geographic patterns shifted people east
  • Aryans migrate from Central Asia into northwest
    India (modern day Pakistan) bringing language and
    cultural traditions including the Vedas, caste
    system, and beliefs that would become Hinduism
  • China is isolated due to geographylack of
    outside contactself-sufficiency, unique culture,
    ethnocentrism (middle kingdom)
  • Gradually populations move to warmer, wetter
    climates that can sustain bigger populations on
    rice
  • Crossbow, horses and the chariot from Central
    Asia will become essential to military victories
  • Bronze used in weapons and religious vessels

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