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National Systems for Disaster Management

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National Systems for Disaster Management Judy R. Thomas Barbados National Disaster Coordinator Disaster Management Specialist Presentation Overview National ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: National Systems for Disaster Management


1
National Systems for Disaster Management
  • Judy R. Thomas
  • Barbados National Disaster Coordinator
  • Disaster Management Specialist

2
  • LEADERS 2006
  • International Course on Development and
    Disasters
  • PAHO in collaboration with the University of the
    West Indies and CDERA

3
Presentation Overview
  • National Systems for Emergency Management
  • Evolution of the CEM IEMS
  • The Caribbean System for CDM
  • Trends and Factors of Influence.
  • The Way Forward

4
Objectives
  • Participants will be able to
  • Define National Disaster Management Systems
  • Understand the emergency management process with
    such a system
  • Compare and contract at least two national
    systems
  • Understand the trends and factors that influence
    them
  • Explain the importance of networking

5
National Emergency Management System
  • A network of people and organisations responsible
    for dealing with emergencies in a
    community/country

6
IEMS and CDM
  • Conceptual Framework to increase emergency
    management capability by networking,
    coordinating, linkages, interoperability,
    partnerships and resource acquisition

7
Comparison of IEMS and CDM
  • All Hazards Approach
  • In All Phases of Disaster Cycle
  • By All Actors and Stakeholders
  • Towards the Attainment of Mutual Goals

8
Classification of Disasters
  • Attack (conventional/nuclear)
  • Internal Disturbances (riots)
  • Natural Hazards (met/seismic)
  • Technological Hazards( spills)
  • Energy Shortages

9
Historical Perspective
  • Noah /
  • First Recorded Flood
  • Warning System (telling the population)
  • Preparedness Action (building and Ark)
  • Response Action (going into the ark)

10
NOAHs ARK
11
Historical Perspective US National Systems
  • Reference Point 1960 1970
  • Transition in Emergency Management
  • Cold War focus on Nuclear Attack (Civil
    Defense) (External)
  • Civil Unrest Aspects of Security, Mass
    Casualty, homelessness (internal)
  • Alaskan Earthquake

12
TRENDS OF DIRECTION
  • Expanded Scope to include Disaster Agents
  • Decline in Disaster Assumption for Nuclear
    Planning
  • Shift in focus from security to viability of
    local community
  • Increased organisations involved in Planning

13
Trends and Direction (1970)
  • More Clearly defined Roles and Responsibilities
  • Focus on Preparedness and Training
  • Better Integration
  • Provision of Organisation, Technology, and
    Management skills to cope with Disasters

14
BEFOFE CEM
  • Agencies operating in State Systems were
    fragmented in management styles and focus on
    Individual Roles and Responsibilities

15
Partners in Emergency Management
  • National Government at all Levels
    National/Federal, State, Local.
  • Private Sector
  • NGOs and CBOs
  • Individuals in Communities
  • Regional and International

16
Partners in National System
Policy Direction
Management Structure
Partners
17
Caribbean Perspectives
  • Trends and Factors
  • 1979 Watershed Year
  • Caribbean Health Ministers Mandate. SLU
  • Multi-Organizational Project PCDPPP (1980-1990)
  • Creation of CDERA (1991)

18
Caribbean Perspectives
  • Trends and Factors
  • Development of National Disaster Organisations
  • Naming of National Disaster Coordinators
  • Establishment of NEOCs
  • Adoption of Policy/Legislation

19
Elements of National Systems
  • Ministerial Direction
  • Disaster Legislation (Policy)
  • National Disaster Committee
  • (Public Sector other players)
  • Planning Committees
  • Work Programme
  • Staff
  • Budget

20
Challenges in the System
  • Collective Vision of CDM
  • Buy In by Partners
  • Staff Levels and competencies
  • Adequate Resources
  • Insufficient Budget
  • Tendency to focus on Preparedness and Response
  • Lack of capacity to absorb Technical Support

21
Positive Developments
  • Disaster Management as a Professional Discipline
  • Integration within Institutions of Learning
  • Increasing Perplexity of Disaster
  • Willingness to incorporate Lessons Learnt
  • Assistance from other disciplines

22
Summary
  • National Systems Lead By Governments
  • Other Partners importance in the design of
    Systems
  • 911 Terrorism CWC other hazards provide
    awareness and resources
  • Greater Emphasis Must be On Risk Reduction.

23
Let Us Talk!
24
Thank YouFor Your Kind Attention And
Participation
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