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Economic Systems

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Economics studies how individuals and societies seek to satisfy ... Oil & fuel Land Doctors Technology Factors of Production Economic Resources Natural Resources ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Economic Systems


1
Economic Systems
  • Compare different types of economic systems
    traditional, free enterprise, command and mixed.

2
What is Economics?
  • Economics studies how individuals and societies
    seek to satisfy needs and wants through
    incentives, choices, and allocation of scarce
    resources.

Technology
Land
Oil fuel
Doctors
3
Factors of Production
  • Economic Resources
  • Natural Resources raw materials found in nature
    that are used to produce goods
  • Human Resources peoples knowledge, efforts,
    and skills used in their work
  • Capital Resources used to produce goods and
    services (buildings, materials, and equipment)
  • Entrepreneurial Resources - recognize the need
    for new goods or service
  • Scarcity shortage of resources

4
Why Economic Systems?
  • Nations use economic systems to determine how to
    use their limited resources effectively.
  • Primary goal of an economic system is to provide
    people with a minimum standard of living, or
    quality of life.
  • Different types of Economic Systems
  • Traditional Economy
  • Market Economy (free enterprise)
  • Command Economy
  • Mixed Economy

5
Traditional Economy
  • Found in rural, under-developed countries
  • Vanuatu
  • Pygmies of Congo
  • Eskimos Indian tribes
  • Belarus
  • Customs govern the economic decisions that are
    made
  • Farming, hunting and gathering are done the same
    way as the generation before
  • Economic activities are centered around the
    family or ethnic unit
  • Men and women are given different economic roles
    and tasks
  • Advantages people have specific roles security
    in the way things are done
  • Disadvantages Technology is not used difficult
    to improve

6
Market Economy (Free Enterprise)
  • Supply and demand of goods and services determine
    what is produced and the price that will be
    charged.
  • Advantagecompetition to have the best products
    and services
  • Disadvantagehuge rift between wealthy and poor
  • Note a true market economy does not exist.
  • Also called a Free Market Economy or Free
    Enterprise Economy
  • Businesses and consumers decide what they will
    produce and purchase and in what quantities
  • Decisions are made according to law of supply
    demand

7
Command Economy
  • The government (or central authority) determines
    what, how, and for whom goods and services are
    produced.
  • Two types
  • Strong Command where government makes all
    decisions (communism China, Cuba)
  • Moderate Command where some form of private
    enterprise exists but the state owns major
    resources (socialism France and Sweden)
  • Advantages
  • Guarantees equal standard of living for everyone
  • Less crime and poverty
  • Needs are provided for through the government
  • Disadvantages
  • Minimal choices
  • Fewer choices of items
  • No incentive to produce better product or engage
    in entrepreneurship
  • Also known as a Planned or Managed Economy

8
Mixed Economy
  • Combination of a market and a command economy
  • Government takes care of peoples needs
  • Marketplace takes care of peoples wants.
  • Most nations have a mixed economy United States,
    England, Australia
  • Advantagebalance of needs and wants met by
    government and in marketplace
  • Disadvantagecitizens have to pay taxes
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