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Shop Safety

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Title: Shop Safety Author: Amy S. Hicks Last modified by: Carey Ward Created Date: 1/25/2006 1:00:06 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Shop Safety


1
Shop Safety
  • Unit 4

2
Shop Safety
  • Does my safety affect the people I work with?
  • View Safety Commercials from www.prevent-it.ca

3
Shop Safety
  • Safety is the responsibility of
  • EVERYONE!
  • Who is responsible for your safety?
  • YOU!
  • 100 Safe, 100 of the time
  • (100 on the safety test)

4
Shop Safety Rules - General
  • Conduct yourself in a manner conducive to safe
    shop practices
  • No horse playing
  • Never climb on shelves
  • Stay on task/ in assigned groups
  • Never sit on tables

5
Shop Safety Rules Equip.
  • Do not use any equipment until trained
  • Only one person at a time
  • Never walk away from equipment
  • Keep hands from moving parts
  • Nip Points
  • Never wear gloves when
  • CLEANING press

6
Nip Point
Point where two rotating mechanisms come together.
7
Rotating Mechanisms
8
Rotating Mechanisms
4 Types in the Graphic Communications Industry
9
Shop Safety Rules Equip.
  • Use correct tool to do job
  • Put all tools away when job complete
  • Never remove any safety guard
  • Make sure all guards are in place before operation

10
Shop Safety Rules Cutter
  • Never cut anything but paper
  • Never check blade with finger
  • Only one person operating cutter at a time
  • NO ONE inside the box other than operator

11
Shop Safety Rules Paper Drill
  • Never drill anything but paper
  • Never touch drill bit with finger
  • Dont put hand under clamp

12
Shop Safety Rules Folder
  • Do not put your hands anywhere near the rollers
  • Do not sit on the folder table for ANY reason!

13
Shop Safety Rules Personal
  • Tuck in loose clothing, roll up sleeves
  • Remove any loose fitting jewelry
  • Pull long hair up before operating machinery
  • Wash hands frequently

14
Shop Safety Rules Housekeeping
  • Clean ALL work areas EVERYONE!
  • Throw all trash away
  • Put oily/inky rags in appropriate container
  • Put all materials away
  • Never wear gloves while cleaning press

15
Shop Safety Rules Press Area
  • Make sure all debris is clear from rollers before
    starting the press
  • Only 1 person should operate the press at a time
  • Make sure all safety guards are down and in place
    before operation
  • Never unplug the press for any reason

16
Shop Safety Rules
  • Keep all materials stored in proper location
  • Keep all chemical stored in proper container
  • Report ALL unsafe conditions
  • IMMEDIATELY!

17
OSHA
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    (Act)
  • Part of federal government that governs workplace
    safety
  • Protects the worker
  • OSHA Web site for Young Workers
  • http//www.osha.gov/SLTC/teenworkers/index.html

18
EPA
  • Environmental Protection Agency (Act)
  • Part of the federal government that governs
    environmental impact
  • Protects the environment

19
Lockout/Tagout
  • Standard established by OSHA
  • Purpose prevent injury while repairing,
    maintaining, inspecting, etc machinery
  • Controls all energy sources (electricity) used,
    stored or produced by equipment.

20
Lockout/Tagout
  • Uses two items
  • Lock (key or combination type) to Lockout the
    energy source.
  • i.e. Lock on the circuit breaker or on switch
  • Tag with name and date on it to identify who has
    locked out the machine
  • Tag can ONLY be removed by the person who Tagged
    out the equipment

21
PPE
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Protects you from risk of injury by creating a
    barrier between you and the hazard
  • Use is not a substitute for safe work
    practices

22
PPE
  • Employers must make sure you have PPE
  • YOU must
  • Be trained in using PPE
  • Make sure PPE fits you
  • Use it correctly

23
PPE
  • Eye Protection
  • Safety Glasses
  • Face Shields
  • Protects against
  • Impact (flying objects)
  • Chemicals
  • Dust

24
PPE
  • Steel-toed shoes
  • Protects against
  • Falling or rolling objects
  • Sharp objects
  • Safety shoes should be sturdy and have an
    impact-resistant toe.

25
PPE
  • Aprons
  • Protects from Chemicals
  • Protects from inks

26
PPE
  • Protective gloves
  • Ensure gloves are designed to protect from the
    hazard
  • Ensure the gloves fit
  • Inspect your gloves

NEVER wear gloves when cleaning the press!
27
PPE
  • Hearing Protection
  • Decibel Unit of measure that is used to measure
    sound
  • Abbreviated as dB
  • 90 dB in 8-hour work day

28
PPE
  • Hearing Protection
  • Ear Plugs
  • Ear Muffs
  • Or Both!
  • iPod/mp3/radio headphones DO NOT COUNT!!!! ?
  • Hearing Loss tends to be a slow loss! PROTECT IT!

29
PPE - Summary
  • Be sure you are trained BEFORE using your PPE
  • Choose the right PPE for the job
  • Make sure the PPE fits you properly
  • Inspect your PPE and make sure it is in good
    condition
  • Discard any PPE that is not safe

30
First Aid
  • First, and temporary, aid given to an injured
    person
  • Remove all energy sources turn off the power
  • Administer 1st aid
  • Remain calm
  • Report ALL accidents to your supervisor no matter
    how minor!

31
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Disease-causing microorganisms carried in blood
    or other bodily fluids
  • HIV/Aids
  • Hepatitis B

32
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Who is at Risk?
  • Know how they can affect you
  • Know how you can become infected
  • Know how to protect yourself

33
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Treat all body fluids as being infectious
  • Following safe work and personal practices
  • Wear appropriate PPE
  • Put a barrier between you and the injured
    person
  • Leather gloves will not work

34
HazCom
  • Hazard Communication Standard
  • AKA The Right-to-Know
  • Right to know about the hazardous chemicals in
    your workplace
  • The best rule of chemical safety is
  • Know what you are working with and how to
    protect yourself and others.

35
HazCom
  • There are 2 basic types of chemical hazards
  • Physical Hazards
  • Health Hazards

36
HazCom
  • Physical Hazards - The physical properties of the
    chemical render it hazardous
  • Explosive
  • Compressed gas
  • Combustible
  • Flammable
  • Unstable
  • Water reactive
  • Oxidizers

37
HazCom
  • Exposure to hazardous chemicals may cause or
    contribute to a wide range of health concerns
    including
  • Heart problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Lung disease
  • Cancer
  • Sterility
  • Burns
  • Rashes

38
HazCom
  • Chemicals can enter your body in many different
    ways. The primary routes of entry are
  • Inhalation
  • Ingestion
  • Absorption
  • Injection

39
HazCom
  • Exposure to hazardous chemicals may be either
  • Acute brief exposure
  • Chronic repeated or prolonged

40
HazCom
  • The written HazCom program must, at a minimum,
    include
  • A list of all hazardous chemicals known to be in
    the workplace
  • A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and label for
    each hazardous chemical
  • A training plan to communicate hazard information
    to employees

41
HazCom
  • Warning labels can grab your attention with words
    like
  • Danger
  • Warning
  • Caution

42
HazCom
  • The identity of the chemicals
  • The appropriate hazard warnings
  • The name and address of the manufacturer or other
    responsible party

43
HazCom
  • Color Codes
  • Number Codes

44
HazCom
  • The color codes represents the following
    information
  • Blue Health
  • Red Flammability
  • Yellow Reactivity
  • White Special hazard information and
    special protective information

45
HazCom
  • Number Codes
  • 0 to 4
  • The higher the number the more hazardous the
    chemical
  • 4 Small exposure could cause death
  • 3 Small exposure could cause injury
  • 2 Intense or chronic exposure could cause
    injury
  • 1 Exposure could cause irritation
  • 0 No Hazard

46
Safety Color Codes
  • Green Location of Safety and 1st Aid Equipment

47
Safety Color Codes
  • Yellow Caution and marks physical hazards
  • Operating Handles
  • Waste Containers for Combustible materials
  • Areas with tripping hazards

48
Safety Color Codes
  • Orange Parts of Equipment which may cut, crush,
    shock or otherwise injure
  • Electrical Switches
  • Fuses
  • Power Boxes
  • Movable Guards

49
Safety Color Codes
  • Red Location of firefighting equipment
  • Emergency fire exits
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Emergency Stop Switches
  • Portable containers of flammable liquids

50
Fire Safety
51
Fire Safety
  • Classes of Fires
  • A Ordinary Combustible Material
  • Wood, paper, fabric
  • B Flammable Liquids and Gases
  • Solvents, oil, gases
  • C Electrical Equipment
  • D Flammable Metals

52
Fire Safety
  • Extinguishing Classes of Fires
  • A Use Water, Make sure embers are cold if
    not, they can reignite
  • B Smother, DO NOT use water
  • C Remove source of electricity, DO NOT use water

53
Fire Safety
  • When using Fire Extinguishers follow these steps
  • P Pull the pin
  • A Aim the nozzle
  • S Squeeze the handle
  • S Sweep from side to side

54
Ergonomics
  • Ergonomics is the applied science of coordinating
    devices, environments, tasks, or procedures to
    fit the individual worker.

55
Ergonomics
  • Injury can be caused by
  • Awkward
  • Posture
  • Bending
  • Twisting
  • Working with your hands above your head or your
    elbows above your shoulders.

56
Ergonomics
  • Injury can be caused by
  • Repetitive Movements
  • Some jobs may require you to perform the same
    movements over and over again.
  • Repetitive movements can irritate your tendons
    and increase pressure on your nerves.

57
Ergonomics
  • Injury can be caused by
  • Force (amount of muscular effort used to perform
    work)

Exerting large amounts of force can result in
fatigue and physical damage to your body.
58
Ergonomics
  • Injury can be caused by
  • Contact Stress
  • Internally occurs when a tendon, nerve or blood
    vessel is stretched or bent around a bone or
    tendon.
  • Externally occurs when a part of your body rubs
    against a sharp or hard object such as the edge
    of a desk or table.

59
Ergonomics
  • Injury can be caused by
  • Vibration
  • Excessive vibration can decrease blood flow,
    damage nerves, and contribute to muscle fatigue.

60
Ergonomics Personal Risk Factors
  • Physical condition
  • Psychological stressors
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Body size
  • Medical condition

61
Ergonomics - Safe Lifting
  • The most common work-related medical problem is
    lower back pain.
  • This is often a result of poor lifting
    techniques.
  • Think before you lift!
  • Test the load and ask yourself Can I lift it
    safely? If not, get help!
  • Make sure there is nothing in your path that
    could cause you to fall.

62
Ergonomics - Safe Lifting
  • Squat to bend at the knees
  • Keep your head up
  • Get a good grip with both hands and hold it close
    to the body.
  • Lift smoothly using your legs not your back.
  • Turn with your feet, dont twist your back.

63
Ergonomics
  • What can you do?
  • Adjust your tasks or environment to fit you
  • Reduce risk factors
  • Avoid unnecessary movements
  • Always practice safe lifting
  • Use the tools that are right for you
  • Perform light stretching and other exercises
    before and during work
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