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Alcohol, Tobacco,

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Alcohol, Tobacco, & Drugs: Ch 13- Alcohol: A Dangerous Drug Essential Question: How does alcohol affect the body? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alcohol, Tobacco,


1
Alcohol, Tobacco, Drugs Ch 13- Alcohol A
Dangerous Drug
  • Essential Question How does alcohol affect the
    body?

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3
Alcohol Facts
  • Its an illegal drug for ANYONE under the age of
    21
  • Anyone under the legal drinking age (21) who
    drinks is violating the LAW! And runs the RISK
    of
  • being arrested
  • being fined
  • acquiring a criminal record
  • It is the most misunderstood drug
  • Over half the violent crimes is U.S. involve
    alcohol

4
FACT
  • Alcohol is a Depressant and directly effects the
    Central Nervous System.

5
The Path of Alcohol in the Body
  • Mouth alcohol enters the body.
  • Stomach some alcohol gets into the bloodstream
    in the stomach, but most goes on to the small
    intestine.
  • Small Intestine alcohol enters the bloodstream
    through the walls of the small intestine.
  • Heart pumps alcohol throughout the body.
  • Brain alcohol reaches the brain.
  • 6. Liver alcohol is oxidized by the liver at a
    rate of about 0.2 oz per hour. Alcohol is
    converted into water, carbon dioxide and energy.

6
Blood Alcohol Level (BAL)
  • Its a way to measure the level of alcohol in a
    persons body
  • Can be influenced by
  • gender
  • body weight
  • amount of food in stomach
  • rate of drinking
  • Under 21, considered legally intoxicated in most
    states at BAL of .02
  • Adults, considered legally intoxicated in most
    states at BAL of .10
  • One standard drink interferes with persons
  • judgment
  • reflexes
  • vision

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Standard Drinking Size
1.25 oz of Liquor
10 oz Wine Cooler
6 oz of Wine
12 oz of Beer
9
Alcohol content
  • Beers - 2-6 (some specialty beers stronger-
    malt liquors similar to beer, but higher alcohol
    content)
  • Table wines 10-15
  • Hard liquors - 40-55
  • Proof (also referred to as its strength) is
    twice the alcohol content
  • Example whiskey may be 50 alcohol- its 100
    proof!

10
Alcohol content- Why its Important to Know.
  • The higher the proof, the faster a person becomes
    intoxicated.
  • Alcohol contains calories so.. As proof
    increases, so does calorie content!

11
How the Effects Differ by Sex
  • 2 Major factors involved in intoxication
  • 1- body weight
  • 2- body fat
  • Females Become intoxicated more easily
  • than males
  • Have a higher fat-to-tissue ratio
  • In general, hormone levels influence alcohol
    metabolism Therefore, alcohol tolerance varies
    during menstrual cycles
  • Some evidence that birth control pills reduces
    alcohol tolerance
  • Males stomach usually oxidizes alcohol more
    efficiently, so less alcohol passes into blood
    stream

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14
Short-term Effects
  • Impaired judgments, vision, balance, coordination
  • Alcohol poisoning, blackouts, coma or death
  • Change in behavior, emotions
  • Painful hangover symptoms stomach pains,
    vomiting, and diarrhea

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Long-term Effects
  • Diseases of the Liver
  • Hepatitis an inflammation or infections of the
    liver
  • that can cause
  • fever
  • yellowing of the skin
  • weakness
  • sometimes death
  • Cirrhosis a disease caused by alcohol abuse
  • Liver cells are permanently replaced by useless
    scar tissue
  • Liver can no longer metabolize food properly so a
    result is digestive problems

Cirrhosis of the Liver
17
More Long Term Effects
  • Damage to heart muscle
  • Increases risk of heart disease
  • Womans risk for breast cancer increases
  • Lower ones white blood cell count- harder time
    fighting off infections
  • Kills brain cells- leads to irreversible memory
    damage
  • Increases chance of liver, esophagus, pharynx,
    and larynx cancer

18
Binge Drinking
  • Binge drinking drinking large amounts of
    alcohol quickly
  • 5 or more drinks in a row for boys
  • 4 or more in a row for girls.
  • People under 21 still get alcohol easily with one
    goal - to get drunk- typically by play drinking
    games
  • Often begins around age 13, tends to increase
    during adolescence, peaks in young adulthood
    (ages 18 to 22), then gradually decreases
  • .4 enough to put one in a coma/ verge of death

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What Happens to Your Body When You Get Alcohol
Poisoning?
  • It is common for someone who drinks excessive
    amounts of alcohol to vomit since alcohol is an
    irritant to the stomach. There is then the danger
    of choking on vomit.
  • Alcohol depresses nerves that control involuntary
    actions such as breathing and the gag reflex
    (which prevents choking). A fatal dose of alcohol
    will eventually stop these functions.
  • The mixture of alcohol and marijuana are a deadly
    combination. Once someones body begins to
    reject the alcohol, the persons natural reaction
    is to vomit. Marijuana inhibits the bodys
    reaction to the alcohol, keeping a person from
    being able to vomit.

21
What Happens to Your Body When You Get Alcohol
Poisoning?
  • A person's blood alcohol level (BAL) can continue
    to rise even while he or she is passed out.
  • Even after a person stops drinking, alcohol in
    the stomach and intestine continues to enter the
    bloodstream and circulate throughout the body.
  • Dangerous to assume the person will be fine by
    sleeping it off.

22
Signs/Symptoms/Consequences
ALCOHOL POISONING
  • Confusion, coma, or person cannot be aroused.
    (Unconscious or semi-consciousness)
  • Slow breathing (fewer than eight breaths per
    minute)
  • Irregular breathing (10 seconds or more between
    breaths)
  • Hypothermia (low body temperature), pale or
    bluish skin color, paleness
  • Vomiting, and choking on vomit
  • Seizures
  • Strong odor of alcohol
  • permanent brain damage, or death

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What Should I Do If I Suspect Someone Has Alcohol
Poisoning?
Appropriate Action
  • Do not wait for all symptoms to be present.
  • Be aware that a person who has passed out may die
    and could be suffering from alcohol poisoning
  • Any suspicion of an alcohol overdose, call 911
    for help.
  • Don't try to guess the level of drunkenness.

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THE HANG OVER
  • Alcohol robs your brain cells of water and
    glucose (the brain's food), which is why you
    experience hangover symptoms such as headache,
    dehydration, and the shakes the day after a night
    of heavy drinking.
  • Though there are lots of so-called "hangover
    cures," the only real cure is time. The best
    thing to do the day after heavy drinking is down
    lots of water and try to rest if possible.

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Alcoholism
  • What are the three stages of Alcoholism?
  • Abuse Someone who cannot drink alcohol in
    moderation or at appropriate times.
  • Dependence Someone who is psychologically
    dependent on alcohol. They feel the constant
    desire and need for alcohol.
  • Addiction Someone who is both psychologically
    and physically dependent on alcohol. Alcohol is
    their number one priority and they suffer from
    withdrawal symptoms if they do not get their
    regular fix.

The state of being psychologically and physically
addicted to alcohol
29
Signs of Alcohol Abuse
  • Frequent absences
  • Unexplained bruises or accidents
  • Irritability
  • Loss of memory (blackouts)
  • Changes in peer-group associations friendships
  • Damaged relationships with family members or
    close friends
  • Odor on breath
  • Intoxication
  • Difficulty focusing, glazed eyes
  • Uncharacteristically passive or aggressive
    behavior
  • Decline in personal appearance/hygiene
  • Decline in school/work performance

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Risk Factors
  • You cannot control
  • Genes
  • Environment
  • You can control
  • Drinking before age 21
  • Associating with people who drink
  • Bending to peer pressure
  • Drinking beyond moderation
  • Drinking at inappropriate times
  • Drinking alone

32
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • A highly variable group of birth defects
    including mental retardation, deficient growth,
    central nervous system dysfunction, and
    malformations of the skull and face that tend to
    occur in the offspring of women who consume large
    amounts of alcohol during pregnancy
  • No one knows exactly how much alcohol must reach
    the unborn child to cause such deformities.

33
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome The Innocent
34
Alcoholism
  • Not only affects the person involved but it also
    has huge affects on family members.
  • Mental, physical and emotional abuse are all
    types of abusive behaviors that are typically
    suffered by family members of an alcoholic.
  • It is not uncommon for an alcoholic to resume
    drinking especially in response to a traumatic
    event such as a death of a loved one or loss of a
    job.

35
Recovery from Alcoholism
  • Withdrawal
  • Process of discontinuing a drug to which the body
    has become addicted
  • Suffer from extreme nervousness, headaches,
    tremors, or seizures.
  • Usually last a few days
  • Sometimes alcoholic needs medical supervision

36
Recovery from Alcoholism
  • There is hope for alcoholics as there are many
    options available
  • Inpatient and outpatient programs both provide
    therapy
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
  • 12 steps is their recovery method
  • Programs designed to help family members of
    alcoholics
  • Al-Anon
  • Help family members talk about problems of living
    with an alcoholic
  • Alateen
  • Specifically help teenagers with same situation
  • S.A.D.D.
  • Students Against Destructive Decisions, formerly
    Students Against Driving Drunk

37
Alcoholism
  • Where can you find help?
  • The Phone Book
  • Online at www.alcoholics-anonymous.org
  • Local Church
  • Hospitals

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